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Semiautomatic Training Load Determination in Endurance Athletes

Christophe Dausin, Sergio Ruiz-Carmona, Ruben De Bosscher, Kristel Janssens, Lieven Herbots, Hein Heidbuchel, Peter Hespel, Véronique Cornelissen, Rik Willems, André La Gerche, Guido Claessen, and

, Dausin, et al., 2022 ; de Bosscher et al., 2021 ). Pro@Heart is a prospective study in which young male and female endurance athletes (cycling, distance running [≥1,500 m], duathlon, triathlon, rowing, swimming [≥400 m], or cross-country skiing) competing at national or international level are recruited

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Nutrition Knowledge Among Young Finnish Endurance Athletes and Their Coaches

Maria Heikkilä, Raisa Valve, Mikko Lehtovirta, and Mikael Fogelholm

among endurance athletes and in team sports ( Hoogenboom et al., 2009 ; Rossi et al., 2017 ; Valliant et al., 2012 ). The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutrition knowledge of Finnish endurance athletes and their coaches. Our study is the first of its kind in Finland. The evaluation was carried

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The Influence of Menstrual-Cycle Phase on Measures of Recovery Status in Endurance Athletes: The Female Endurance Athlete Project

Virginia De Martin Topranin, Tina Pettersen Engseth, Maria Hrozanova, Madison Taylor, Øyvind Sandbakk, and Dionne A. Noordhof

recovery status, such as resting HR, perceived sleep quality, and physical and mental readiness to train among female endurance athletes. Methods Study Design The present study was part of the Female Endurance Athlete (FENDURA) project, which investigates the influence of female-specific aspects on

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Sodium Intake Beliefs, Information Sources, and Intended Practices of Endurance Athletes Before and During Exercise

Alan J. McCubbin, Gregory R. Cox, and Ricardo J.S. Costa

quantifiable sodium replacement. Endurance athletes commonly believe sodium intake improves performance and prevents health consequences of endurance exercise, including exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) and exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) ( Winger et al., 2011 , 2013 ). Mechanisms cited include

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Perspectives and Determinants for Training-Intensity Distribution in Elite Endurance Athletes

Jan G. Bourgois, Gil Bourgois, and Jan Boone

, polarized model; PYR, pyramidal model; THR, threshold model; TID, training-intensity distribution; VT 1 , first ventilatory threshold; VT 2 , second ventilatory threshold. Historical Perspective Since 1990, TID of elite endurance athletes has been reported based on narrative literature and empirical

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Prevalence and Determinants of Fasted Training in Endurance Athletes: A Survey Analysis

Jeffrey A. Rothschild, Andrew E. Kilding, and Daniel J. Plews

), and a recent survey found that 48% of elite endurance athletes reported performing at least some training sessions in an overnight-fasted state ( Heikura et al., 2018 ). Athletes may choose to perform training sessions in the overnight-fasted state for a variety of reasons, including convenience, gut

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Indian Endurance Athletes’ Menstrual Cycle: Practices, Knowledge, Communication, Health, and Changes in Perceptions Across the Phases

Tanugatri Majumder, Virginia De Martin Topranin, Øyvind Sandbakk, and Dionne A. Noordhof

-related practices, knowledge, communication, and health in Indian endurance athletes, and to investigate if these are associated with their age, educational level, and HC use. Although previous studies showed western athletes to have limited knowledge and communication about their MC, they do experience its effects

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Within-Day Energy Deficiency and Metabolic Perturbation in Male Endurance Athletes

Monica Klungland Torstveit, Ida Fahrenholtz, Thomas B. Stenqvist, Øystein Sylta, and Anna Melin

A balanced diet with an appropriate energy intake supports optimal body function ( Thomas et al., 2016 ) and is, together with regular physical activity, the cornerstone of a healthy lifestyle. However, exercising women and female athletes focusing on leanness, such as endurance athletes, are

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Dietary Intake and Gastrointestinal Integrity in Runners Undertaking High-Intensity Exercise in the Heat

Naroa Etxebarria, Nicole A. Beard, Maree Gleeson, Alice Wallett, Warren A. McDonald, Kate L. Pumpa, and David B. Pyne

negatively affect exercise, training, and competitive performance. Exercising in the heat is a common practice for endurance athletes and can compromise epithelial integrity, consequently, increasing intestinal permeability and endotoxemia ( Costa et al., 2017 ). Most GI disturbances occur on race day

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A Systematic Review on Markers of Functional Overreaching in Endurance Athletes

Annemiek J. Roete, Marije T. Elferink-Gemser, Ruby T.A. Otter, Inge K. Stoter, and Robert P. Lamberts

-term adverse effects on performance, it is extremely important to be able to recognize symptoms of functional overreaching from which athletes can recover relatively quickly and prevent the development of a nonfunctional overreaching status. Although this is important for all athletes, endurance athletes with