Daily energy expenditure (EE) assessment plays an important role in clinical strategies for lifestyle-related diseases. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of 2 activity monitors from different manufacturers to estimate total energy expenditure (TEE) and physical activity related-energy expenditure (PAEE) in daily living conditions.
Sixteen adults stayed in a respiratory chamber for 24 h. The subjects wore 2 accelerometers based on uniaxial (Lifecorder; UNI) and triaxial accelerometry (Tritrac-R3D; TRI).
A highly significant correlation was observed between measured TEE and estimated values (r=0.868 in UNI and r=0.819 in TRI; P<0.001). However, TEE and PAEE were significantly underestimated: TEEUNI by -9% and TEETRI by -12%; PAEEUNI by -10% and PAEETRI by -55%.
The EE of structured activity was adequately estimated by both accelerometers, whereas the EE of the non-structured activities involved much more errors. The results also suggest that the algorithm for EE calculation may be more important than the number of planes used for detecting acceleration.