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Beyond Prometheus, Strawmen, and Science Fiction: Ethicists and the Moral Debate Over Enhancements to Human Performance

John Gleaves

Human performance enhancement is one of kinesiology’s many vibrant topics for inquiry. Though philosophers in kinesiology departments have offered some contribution to this topic, this paper argues that philosophers could improve their relevance by better engaging the existing scientific research. Rather than simply defending their place at the table, this paper proposes that philosophers build upon existing contributions to the ethics of human enhancement by increasing their scientific literacy. At the same time, this paper argues that certain patterns in philosophical discussions of human enhancement do not connect with scientific researchers. The paper concludes that ultimately philosophers must become more conversant with the language of science if they are going to continue contributing to central questions within the field of kinesiology.

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Enhancing Fundamental Movement Skills: Understanding Student Voices

Cathal Óg O’Sullivan, Melissa Parker, Tom Comyns, and Annmarie Ralph

). Learning environments that consider SDT allow students to exhibit autonomously motivated behaviors that produce more sustained interest and excitement, greater task engagement, enhanced performance, and adherence ( Deci & Ryan, 2000 ). Meeting basic psychological needs can be achieved when PE teachers

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Assessing Student Perceptions to Enhance Undergraduate Research in Kinesiology

Isabel Valdez and Ting Liu

Enhancing undergraduate student involvement in research has been a major goal of American universities since the release of the Carnegie Foundation’s College: The Undergraduate Experience in America ( Boyer, 1987 ). Since the Carnegie Foundation report, American universities have placed a greater

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Residual Force Enhancement in Humans: A Systematic Review

Neil Chapman, John Whitting, Suzanne Broadbent, Zachary Crowley-McHattan, and Rudi Meir

contractions). One such phenomenon is the so-called “residual force enhancement” (RFE) whereby an initial isometric contraction precedes an eccentric contraction, quickly followed by a final isometric contraction (poststretch isometric contraction, PS-ISO). Edman et al 8 introduced the term RFE to describe

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Glimpsing the Impossible: How Artificially Enhanced Targets Improve Elite Performance

Mark A. Robinson

power through compression and often covered the entire torso and limbs to enhance hydrodynamics and buoyancy ( Cortesi et al., 2014 ). While the prototype supersuits were introduced before the 2008 Olympic Games, the refined versions appeared in 2009 when 43 world records were broken or rebroken across

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Evidence-Based Supplements for the Enhancement of Athletic Performance

Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim, and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

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Technology-Enhanced Learning Physical Education? A Critical Review of the Literature

Julia Sargent and Antonio Calderón

enhancing existing provisions, but also challenges such as creating inequalities ( Howley, 2021 ). Now, more than ever, there is a need to develop critical education technology agendas that address issues such as pedagogy, which make use of recent theoretical and methodological approaches ( Selwyn et

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Enhancing Motor Competence and Physical Activity in Kindergarten

Dimitrios Aivazidis, Fotini Venetsanou, Nikolaos Aggeloussis, Vassilios Gourgoulis, and Antonis Kambas

A considerable amount of research has established the vital role of children’s participation in physical activity (PA) for the enhancement of various aspects of health. 1 , 2 Among them, sustaining a healthy body weight seems to be of paramount importance, because childhood obesity has reached

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Coffee Ingestion Enhances 1-Mile Running Race Performance

Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson, James Thie, and Richard Taylor

, adenosine antagonism, enhanced motor unit recruitment, and reduced perception of pain and exertion have been proposed to explain the effects of caffeine supplementation on sport performance. 2 However, since caffeine interacts with many tissues, it is difficult to independently investigate its effects on

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Masters Athletes’ Views on Sport Psychology for Performance Enhancement and Sport Lifestyle Adherence

Tyler Makepeace, Bradley W. Young, and Scott Rathwell

relationships (e.g., support from co-participants) to aid in maintaining routine physical activity. Young and Callary ( 2018 ) suggested “doing more for adult sport” required advances in programming, promotional campaigns, and coaching support that could enhance the quality of the sport experience. Still