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John Gleaves

Human performance enhancement is one of kinesiology’s many vibrant topics for inquiry. Though philosophers in kinesiology departments have offered some contribution to this topic, this paper argues that philosophers could improve their relevance by better engaging the existing scientific research. Rather than simply defending their place at the table, this paper proposes that philosophers build upon existing contributions to the ethics of human enhancement by increasing their scientific literacy. At the same time, this paper argues that certain patterns in philosophical discussions of human enhancement do not connect with scientific researchers. The paper concludes that ultimately philosophers must become more conversant with the language of science if they are going to continue contributing to central questions within the field of kinesiology.

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Cathal Óg O’Sullivan, Melissa Parker, Tom Comyns, and Annmarie Ralph

). Learning environments that consider SDT allow students to exhibit autonomously motivated behaviors that produce more sustained interest and excitement, greater task engagement, enhanced performance, and adherence ( Deci & Ryan, 2000 ). Meeting basic psychological needs can be achieved when PE teachers

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Isabel Valdez and Ting Liu

Enhancing undergraduate student involvement in research has been a major goal of American universities since the release of the Carnegie Foundation’s College: The Undergraduate Experience in America ( Boyer, 1987 ). Since the Carnegie Foundation report, American universities have placed a greater

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Neil Chapman, John Whitting, Suzanne Broadbent, Zachary Crowley-McHattan, and Rudi Meir

contractions). One such phenomenon is the so-called “residual force enhancement” (RFE) whereby an initial isometric contraction precedes an eccentric contraction, quickly followed by a final isometric contraction (poststretch isometric contraction, PS-ISO). Edman et al 8 introduced the term RFE to describe

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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim, and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

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Dimitrios Aivazidis, Fotini Venetsanou, Nikolaos Aggeloussis, Vassilios Gourgoulis, and Antonis Kambas

A considerable amount of research has established the vital role of children’s participation in physical activity (PA) for the enhancement of various aspects of health. 1 , 2 Among them, sustaining a healthy body weight seems to be of paramount importance, because childhood obesity has reached

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Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson, James Thie, and Richard Taylor

, adenosine antagonism, enhanced motor unit recruitment, and reduced perception of pain and exertion have been proposed to explain the effects of caffeine supplementation on sport performance. 2 However, since caffeine interacts with many tissues, it is difficult to independently investigate its effects on

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Tyler Makepeace, Bradley W. Young, and Scott Rathwell

relationships (e.g., support from co-participants) to aid in maintaining routine physical activity. Young and Callary ( 2018 ) suggested “doing more for adult sport” required advances in programming, promotional campaigns, and coaching support that could enhance the quality of the sport experience. Still

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Chris G. Harwood and Sam N. Thrower

In her seminal position paper over 30 years ago, Vealey ( 1988 ) defined psychological-skills training (PST) as the techniques and strategies designed to teach or enhance mental skills that facilitate performance and a positive approach to sport competition. While there has been a long

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Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese, and Johanna M. Hoch

intervention for enhancing self-efficacy in sports-related injury rehabilitation programs. Therefore, the purpose of this critically appraised topic is to critically appraise and synthesize the available evidence examining the effectiveness of goal setting–enhanced rehabilitation in improving self-efficacy in