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Nicole Joy Edwards, Billie Giles-Corti, Ann Larson, and Bridget Beesley

Background:

Associations between access to environments and levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents have been established; however the influence of neighborhood design barriers (eg, major roads) on these relationships is less understood.

Methods:

In 2006, adolescents (n = 1304) in rural Western Australia completed the Up4it Physical Activity Survey measuring frequency and duration of organized and nonorganized physical activity by season. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used to objectively measure distance to nearest park and beach and busy road barriers en route to these destinations.

Results:

Proximity to parks and beaches was associated with use of these environments for PA among adolescents, but this relationship attenuated after adjustment for presence of a major road. Park and beach use was positively associated with achieving recommended levels of PA. Paradoxically, proximity to these environments was not associated with achieving recommended levels of PA. Results suggest access to parks and beaches is necessary but may be insufficient to achieve recommended levels of PA. These relationships varied by season.

Conclusions:

Strategies should be put in place to encourage use of proximate supportive environments. Planning neighborhoods to reduce barriers to access and interventions to overcome seasonal variations in behavior may improve participation levels among adolescents.

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Philo U. Saunders, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Robert F. Chapman, and Julien D. Périard

that the environments of heat/humidity and altitude have on track-and-field performance and how athletes and coaches can utilize altered environmental conditions to acclimatize and best prepare. With that background in hand, we will share recommendations on specific nutritional interventions that can

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross, and Christopher K. Rhea

Obstacles are a naturally occurring part of our daily environment when defined as any physical object that requires an individual to modulate their current gait pattern. Obstacles, such as stairs, curbs, and puddles, are stationary and allow for a slow and early adaptation of the gait pattern

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Katelyn Esmonde and Shannon Jette

public transit are symptomatic of the increasing acknowledgement of the environment’s role in the public’s health, or what some have referred to as a spatial turn in health sciences ( Andrews, Hall, Evans, & Colls, 2012 ). More specific to our focus, in a climate where the “obesity epidemic” is a

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Andrew J.A. Hall, Leigh Jones, and Russell J.J. Martindale

, 2008 ; Henriksen, Stambulova, & Roessler, 2010 ; Holt & Dunn, 2004 ; Larsen, Alfermann, Henriksen, & Christensen, 2013 ; Martindale, Collins, & Daubney, 2005 ; Mills et al., 2014 ; Pankhurst, Collins, & Macnamara, 2013 ; Webster, Hardy, & Hardy, 2017 ). The Talent Development Environment

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Gustavo Sandri Heidner, Patrick M. Rider, J.C. Mizelle, Caitlin M. O’Connell, Nicholas P. Murray, and Zachary J. Domire

consensus in the literature on the best paradigm design to perturb balance and induce postural sway. 6 , 8 , 9 To the best of our knowledge, VR research and interventions still lack a well-defined standardized metric (ie, there is no gold standard) for the generation of a virtual environment that can

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Ka Man Leung and Pak-Kwong Chung

engagement in health behaviors, such as physical activity and walking. The model highlights the dynamic interactions between the individual environment (sociodemographic variables including education, gender, and age), social environment (e.g., social support), physical environment (natural and built

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Nathan Hall, Brent Bradford, José da Costa, and Daniel B. Robinson

Recently, children in many Western nations have been spending less time in natural outdoor environments and the outdoors in general ( Louv, 2005 ; ParticipACTION, 2015 ). This is despite widespread evidence suggesting children enjoy numerous benefits from being physically active in outdoor

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Wesley J. Wilson, Luke E. Kelly, and Justin A. Haegele

Since the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142) in 1975, it has been suggested that educators have struggled placing students with disabilities in their federally mandated least restrictive environments (LREs) for physical education (PE; Block, 2016

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Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga

importance of the interaction between the exerciser and environmental cues has been emphasized, in particular in the context of decision making and pacing in head-to-head competition. 2 , 4 Perceptual affordances provided by the environment can invite athletes to respond, thereby evoking in-race adaptations