will be presented including equality, equity, rights, and participation. The following describes each of these principles as presented by Khechen ( 2013 ) and Workforce Council ( 2021 ), and their application to individuals with disabilities and PA. Equality Equality means that all people, regardless
Martin E. Block and Abby Fines
Adele Pavlidis, Simone Fullagar, and Wendy O’Brien
What happens when historically masculine sport organizations “do” gender equality by creating a professional women’s competition? In this article, we pursue this question through a feminist new materialist analysis of the economic and gender relations that shape the transition of a dominant
Eva Soares Moura
within feminist scholarship has, however, highlighted a complex picture of sport in the service of gender-specific development goals, critically appraising sport’s potential to foster broader societal goals, including gender equality, social and economic empowerment of women, or health promotion ( Brady
Gareth M. Barrett, I. Sherwin, and Alexander D. Blackett
, using this space as a reservoir to first develop coaching talent and then to ultimately recruit from. Prioritizing individuals from within their men’s playing squads when offering new coaching vacancies thus contravened U.K. government legislation such as the 2010 Equality Act, as they omitted
Alexandra J. Rankin-Wright, Kevin Hylton, and Leanne Norman
The article examines how UK sport organizations have framed race equality and diversity, in sport coaching. Semistructured interviews were used to gain insight into organizational perspectives toward ‘race’, ethnicity, racial equality, and whiteness. Using Critical Race Theory and Black feminism, color-blind practices were found to reinforce a denial that ‘race’ is a salient factor underpinning inequalities in coaching. The dominant practices employed by key stakeholders are discussed under three themes: equating diversity as inclusion; fore fronting meritocracy and individual agency; and framing whiteness. We argue that these practices sustain the institutional racialised processes and formations that serve to normalize and privilege whiteness. We conclude that for Black and minoritised ethnic coaches to become key actors in sport coaching in the UK ‘race’ and racial equality need to be centered in research, policy and practice.
concerned about abuse and fear of rejection ( National Union of Students, 2012a ). It was acknowledged that trans* respondents were less likely to be comfortable being “out” in contrast to others, and in general it may be easier to be open about sexuality/gender identity when others are. Regarding equality
Johanna Adriaanse and Toni Schofield
A common intervention to address women’s underrepresentation in governance has been the introduction of gender quotas. This study examined the impact of gender quotas on gender equality in governance among boards of National Sport Organizations (NSOs) in Australia. Central to the study was the theoretical concept of a gender regime. Part of a larger study, the research design comprised a comparative case study of five NSOs with data collected mainly through semistructured interviews with directors and CEOs. The findings suggest that a quota of a minimum of three women was a first condition to advance gender equality in governance. It needed to operate, however, in conjunction with other gender dynamics to move toward equal participation by men and women in board decision making. These included women in influential board positions, solidaristic emotional relations between men and women directors, and directors’ adoption of gender equality as an organizational value.
Marie Hardin and Erin Elizabeth Whiteside
This study examines narratives by young adults about sport and gender in relation to equality. Specifically, we explore how focus-group participants used small stories to situate male and female athletes and Title IX. The U.S. law has been credited for increasing opportunities for girls and women but is considered a source of tension for gender relations. Our findings suggest that participants’ stories ultimately did not support emancipatory goals for girls and women because they positioned equality as a right women had not earned. We argue that feminists cannot underestimate the need to inject counternarratives into public discourse at every level, including stories shared with children about sport. These narratives must address misconceptions about equality and gender equity and, ultimately, challenge gender ideology.
Ian S.C. Patrick, Daniel F. Mahony, and Joseph M. Petrosko
Research has indicated that need-based distributions are often perceived to be the fairest method for distributing resources in intercollegiate athletics. Mahony, Hums, and Riemer (2005) examined definitions of need and identified 3 subprinciples: need because of lack of resources, need because of high operating expenses, and need to be competitively successful. The current study examined the perceived fairness of distributions based on these subprinciples of need, equality of treatment, and revenue production, as well as the differences in perceptions based on gender, NCAA division, and scenario. Although need because of lack of resources was consistently rated as fairer than most or all of the other distribution methods, perceptions of the other methods varied based on the scenario. Further analysis indicated that men were more likely to perceive revenue production as fair, whereas women preferred equality. In addition, Division I administrators were more likely to rate need to be competitively successful and revenue production as fair.
Adam Cohen, E. Nicole Melton, and Jon Welty Peachey
The genuine sport of quidditch, based off the Harry Potter franchise, offers an alternative to traditional sport that has grown immensely in terms of popularity and participation. Due to the scarcity of research on coed sports, and the innovative nature of quidditch, the purpose of this research was to use an exploratory qualitative approach to examine impact of the sport on its participants, and to determine how its structure influenced participants’ attitudes toward the opposite gender. Findings revealed the coed structure of the sport led to a positive coed experience for women and men, which in turn developed an increased desire for inclusivity and equality. In addition, both genders reported stereotype reduction due to participation in the sport, and women also reported feeling increased levels of self-confidence and pride. Despite these shifts in attitude, underlying prejudice toward women athletes was still apparent among men who participated in the sport.