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Paul A. McAuley, Haiying Chen, Duck-chul Lee, Enrique Garcia Artero, David A. Bluemke and Gregory L. Burke

Background:

The influence of higher physical activity on the relationship between adiposity and cardiometabolic risk is not completely understood.

Methods:

Between 2000–2002, data were collected on 6795 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) participants. Self-reported intentional physical activity in the lowest quartile (0–105 MET-minutes/week) was categorized as inactive and the upper three quartiles (123–37,260 MET-minutes/week) as active. Associations of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference categories, stratified by physical activity status (inactive or active) with cardiometabolic risk factors (dyslipidemia, hypertension, upper quartile of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] for population, and impaired fasting glucose or diabetes) were assessed using logistic regression analysis adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and current smoking.

Results:

Among obese participants, those who were physically active had reduced odds of insulin resistance (47% lower; P < .001) and impaired fasting glucose/diabetes (23% lower; P = .04). These associations were weaker for central obesity. However, among participants with a normal waist circumference, those who were inactive were 63% more likely to have insulin resistance (OR [95% CI] 1.63 [1.24–2.15]) compared with the active reference group.

Conclusions:

Physical activity was inversely related to the cardiometabolic risk associated with obesity and central obesity.

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Rebecca E. Hasson

, Bradley, Houts, McRitchie, & O’Brien, 2008 ). This equates to a 75% drop during the critical period of adolescence ( Nader et al., 2008 ). Children’s physical activity also varies by ethnicity, but evidence of systematic disparities in physical activity participation is less consistent ( Troiano et

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Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson

, Kirkland, Andreou, & Kirkwood, 2015a ; Da Silva et al., 2016 ; Marques et al., 2014 ), this association has not been investigated in older migrant women from ethnically diverse backgrounds. Examining this is important, since older adults (≥55 years) from minority ethnic backgrounds, especially women from

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Adam J. Zemski, Shelley E. Keating, Elizabeth M. Broad, Damian J. Marsh, Karen Hind and Gary J. Slater

LM and greater LM:FM ratios ( Rush et al., 2004 ; Swinburn et al., 1996 ; Swinburn et al., 1999 ). To date, no study has explored differences in physique adaptations to training by ethnicity in RU. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate preseason team and individual athlete DXA body

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Xiaoxia Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Tao Zhang, Priscila Caçola and Jing Wang

, 30 ). It is also known that children from low-income families and ethnic minority groups are more likely to be identified as “at risk” for developmental delays (ie, delays in motor skills) ( 14 , 39 ). Preschoolers are at a crucial stage to develop and learn mature patterns of fundamental motor

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Barton P. Buxton, David H. Perrin, Ronald K. Hetzler, Kwok W. Ho and Joe H. Gieck

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship between ethnicity and acute pain response in male athletes. Subjects included 93 male athletes (age = 18.65 ± .58 years) of differing ethnicity. Each subject performed a Cold Pressor Test (CPT) and was evaluated for pain threshold and pain tolerance times. Two one-way analyses of variance were performed to analyze the data. The results indicated that significant differences existed in pain tolerance times between ethnic groups (p<.05). However, no differences were observed in pain threshold times. These findings support the existence of a difference in pain tolerance between ethnic groups in collegiate athletes.

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Jonathan M. Miller, Mark A. Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa N. Laska, Toben F. Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

adolescents often report less MVPA than white adolescents. 3 – 5 Differences in MVPA between the sexes and between ethnicities/races invite the question of whether correlates of MVPA, organized within the social–ecological framework of personal, social, and environmental correlates, 6 also differ

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Mara Simon and Laura Azzarito

Ethnic minority female physical education (PE) teachers who work in predominantly White schools may face multiple, intersecting forms of oppression due to inherent underlying notions of whiteness, which position the embodiment of a racialized identity as “other” ( Burden, Harrison, & Hodge, 2005

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Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay

Despite increased efforts at eliminating disparities, differences continue to exist for racial and ethnic groups on a number of important health indicators for cardiovascular disease (CVD). There are a number of potential explanations for these persistent racial and ethnic disparities, including

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Elizabeth Lorenzo, Jacob Szeszulski, Michael Todd, Scherezade K. Mama and Rebecca E. Lee

, low levels of high-density lipoproteins, hypertriglyceridemia, and prediabetes. 4 Across all adult age groups, racial/ethnic minority women are disproportionately affected by cardiometabolic syndrome compared with non-Hispanic white women, with prevalence of cardiometabolic syndrome exceeding 50