& Brand, 2016a ; Chevance, Caudroit, Romain, & Boiche, 2016 ). In addition to the IAT and other tests, the evaluative priming task (EP; Fazio, Sanbonmatsu, Powell, & Kardes, 1986 ) has also been established to assess automatic processes. Some studies ( Bluemke, Brand, Schweizer, & Kahlert, 2010 ; Eves
To Run or Not to Run? Automatic Evaluations and Reflective Attitudes Toward Exercise
Julia Limmeroth and Norbert Hagemann
“I Do What I Like”: 8- to 10-Year-Old Children’s Physical Activity Behavior Is Already Interrelated With Their Automatic Affective Processes
Julia Limmeroth and Michaela Raboldt
in younger children. In addition, this study may contribute to methodological progress in the measurement of PA-related automatic affective processes in children as we present an evaluative priming task (EP; Fazio et al., 1986 ) that has been adapted for the sample of children. We, thus, aimed to
Going to the Gym or to the Movies?: Situated Decisions as a Functional Link Connecting Automatic and Reflective Evaluations of Exercise With Exercising Behavior
Ralf Brand and Geoffrey Schweizer
The goal of the present paper is to propose a model for the study of automatic cognition and affect in exercise. We have chosen a dual-system approach to social information processing to investigate the hypothesis that situated decisions between behavioral alternatives form a functional link between automatic and reflective evaluations and the time spent on exercise. A new questionnaire is introduced to operationalize this link. A reaction-time–based evaluative priming task was used to test participants’ automatic evaluations. Affective and cognitive reflective evaluations, as well as exercising time, were requested via self-report. Path analyses suggest that the affective reflective (beta = .71) and the automatic evaluation (beta = .15) independently explain situated decisions, which, in turn (beta = .60) explain time spent on exercise. Our findings highlight the concept of contextualized decisions. They can serve as a starting point from which the so far seldom investigations of automatic cognition and affect in exercise can be integrated with multitudinous results from studies on reflective psychological determinants of health behavior.
Exercise Might Be Good for Me, But I Don’t Feel Good About It: Do Automatic Associations Predict Exercise Behavior?
Matthias Bluemke, Ralf Brand, Geoffrey Schweizer, and Daniela Kahlert
Models employed in exercise psychology highlight the role of reflective processes for explaining behavior change. However, as discussed in social cognition literature, information-processing models also consider automatic processes (dual-process models). To examine the relevance of automatic processing in exercise psychology, we used a priming task to assess the automatic evaluations of exercise stimuli in physically active sport and exercise majors (n = 32), physically active nonsport majors (n = 31), and inactive students (n = 31). Results showed that physically active students responded faster to positive words after exercise primes, whereas inactive students responded more rapidly to negative words. Priming task reaction times were successfully used to predict reported amounts of exercise in an ordinal regression model. Findings were obtained only with experiential items reflecting negative and positive consequences of exercise. The results illustrate the potential importance of dual-process models in exercise psychology.
Critical Review of Measurement Practices in the Study of Automatic Associations of Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Exercise
Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis
of evaluative priming research . Psychological Bulletin, 139 , 1062 – 1089 . PubMed ID: 23339522 doi:10.1037/a0031309 10.1037/a0031309 Hobbs , N. , Godfrey , A. , Lara , J. , Errington , L. , Meyer , T.D. , Rochester , L. , . . . Sniehotta , F.F. ( 2013 ). Are behavioral