Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,736 items for :

  • "evidence-based" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

J.P. Barfield, Stephanie Williams, Madison R. Currie, and Xiuyan Guo

Evidence-Based Classification in Powerchair Soccer Derived from the Greek word para, meaning next to , the Paralympic Games were established in Rome during the Summer Olympics of 1960. What began as a sport-based rehabilitation program for veterans and civilians in the late 1940s soon flourished

Open access

Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim, and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

Restricted access

Insook Kim, Phillip Ward, Oleg Sinelnikov, Bomna Ko, Peter Iserbyt, Weidong Li, and Matthew Curtner-Smith

-Hammond & Bransford, 2005 ; Kennedy, 2016 ; Ward, 2016 ). Mirroring the larger educational community, there have been calls for sport pedagogists to develop this kind of evidence-based practice for physical educators to employ ( Hastie, 2016 ; Institute of Medicine, 2013 ; McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013 ; Ward, 2013

Restricted access

Johanna S. Rosén, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey, Keith Tolfrey, Anton Arndt, and Anna Bjerkefors

in 2018 approved the sport’s new sport-specific evidence-based classification system. The system was created in collaboration with international classifiers from the International Canoe Federation (ICF) and is based upon research undertaken by Rosén et al. ( 2019 ). In the Paralympic Para Va'a event

Restricted access

Edgar Schwarz, Liam D. Harper, Rob Duffield, Robert McCunn, Andrew Govus, Sabrina Skorski, and Hugh H.K. Fullagar

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the pedagogical approach of integrating experience, values, and research information to guide or support a decision-making process and is commonly used in professional fields such as, for example, medicine 1 or education. 2 In sport science, this has been

Restricted access

Shirley M. Bluethmann, Eileen Flores, Meghan Grotte, Jared Heitzenrater, Cristina I. Truica, Nancy J. Olsen, Christopher Sciamanna, and Kathryn H. Schmitz

, are common for BCS ( Bellury et al., 2011 ). Physical activity (PA) is underutilized yet essential for mitigating treatment-related side effects ( Ballard-Barbash et al., 2012 ). Programs like Fit & Strong! , an evidence-based self-management program for older adults with chronic conditions, evolved

Restricted access

Siobhain McArdle and Phil Moore

This article highlights four key principles of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and proposes situations where these tenets would be relevant from an applied sport psychology perspective. To achieve this aim, a case study of an athlete with a dysfunctional perfectionist mindset is employed. We conclude with possible research directions in applied sport psychology informed by CBT. These recommendations include the need to further develop an evidence based formulation system and the relevance of building a repertoire of “evidence-based” behavioral experiments to improve practice.

Restricted access

Zella E. Moore

The primary purpose of this article is to expand the discussion about the role of science, clinical thinking, the state of the discipline, and the manner in which evidence-based practice may aid in the development of the field of sport psychology. Rejecting pseudoscientific principles and embracing sound scientific standards of research and practice will result in an increasingly fresh and vibrant field from which greater innovation and evolution can occur. This innovation will inevitably lead to a renewed commitment to theory building, as the evolving scientific database will drive new ways of thinking about the myriad of issues presented by athletic clientele. By embracing the evidence-based practice philosophy, not only will sound scientific advancements emerge, but most importantly, the overall well-being of our athletic clientele will be enhanced.

Restricted access

Trudy L. Moore-Harrison, Mary Ann Johnson, Mary Ellen Quinn, and M. Elaine Cress

Background:

This study examined the feasibility of implementing the EnhanceFitness Program (formerly Lifetime Fitness Program), an evidence-based exercise program, at congregate-meal sites that generally serve low-income older adults.

Methods:

A 12-week aerobic and strength training exercise program was held at senior centers 3 times a week.

Results:

The mean age of the 31 participants was 73.5 years ± 6.7 years (60–86). Participants’ compliance with attending the exercise class was 74%. Paired t tests were used to evaluate change after the intervention. Three out of six components of the Senior Fitness Test increased significantly after the exercise intervention (P < .003). Three out of the eight self-reported health concepts of the SF-36 demonstrated significant improvement after the exercise intervention (P < .003).

Conclusion:

These data indicate that an evidence-based exercise program can be successfully implemented in this population.

Restricted access

Greg Reid, Marcel Bouffard, and Catherine MacDonald

Professional practice guided by the best research evidence is a usually referred to as evidence-based practice. The aim of the present paper is to describe five fundamental beliefs of adapted physical activity practices that should be considered in an 8-step research model to create evidence-based research in adapted physical activity. The five beliefs are individualization, critical thinking, self-determination, program effectiveness, and multifactor complexity. The research model includes conceptualize the problem, conduct research on the process of the problem, conceptualize and specify the intervention, evaluate intervention outcomes, evaluate intervention processes, determine person-by-treatment interactions, determine context-dependent limitations, and investigate factors related to intervention adoption maintenance. The eight steps are explained with reference to two research programs that used a randomized control group design.