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Evidence-Based Classification in Powerchair Football: Determining the Determinants

J.P. Barfield, Stephanie Williams, Madison R. Currie, and Xiuyan Guo

Evidence-Based Classification in Powerchair Soccer Derived from the Greek word para, meaning next to , the Paralympic Games were established in Rome during the Summer Olympics of 1960. What began as a sport-based rehabilitation program for veterans and civilians in the late 1940s soon flourished

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Evidence-Based Supplements for the Enhancement of Athletic Performance

Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim, and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

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Expert Views on Evidence-Based Classification for Goalball: A Delphi Study

Anna M. Martin, Donghyun Ryu, Robin C. Jackson, and David L. Mann

Paralympic sports must develop evidence-based classification systems based on how an impairment impacts performance in the sport ( IPC, 2007 ). Across all sports, this necessitates an understanding of the impairment–performance relationship for a given impairment type in a specific sport. Despite variation

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The Influence of Content Knowledge on Pedagogical Content Knowledge: An Evidence-Based Practice for Physical Education

Insook Kim, Phillip Ward, Oleg Sinelnikov, Bomna Ko, Peter Iserbyt, Weidong Li, and Matthew Curtner-Smith

-Hammond & Bransford, 2005 ; Kennedy, 2016 ; Ward, 2016 ). Mirroring the larger educational community, there have been calls for sport pedagogists to develop this kind of evidence-based practice for physical educators to employ ( Hastie, 2016 ; Institute of Medicine, 2013 ; McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013 ; Ward, 2013

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Interrater Reliability of the New Sport-Specific Evidence-Based Classification System for Para Va'a

Johanna S. Rosén, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey, Keith Tolfrey, Anton Arndt, and Anna Bjerkefors

in 2018 approved the sport’s new sport-specific evidence-based classification system. The system was created in collaboration with international classifiers from the International Canoe Federation (ICF) and is based upon research undertaken by Rosén et al. ( 2019 ). In the Paralympic Para Va'a event

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Practitioner, Coach, and Athlete Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice in Professional Sport in Australia

Edgar Schwarz, Liam D. Harper, Rob Duffield, Robert McCunn, Andrew Govus, Sabrina Skorski, and Hugh H.K. Fullagar

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the pedagogical approach of integrating experience, values, and research information to guide or support a decision-making process and is commonly used in professional fields such as, for example, medicine 1 or education. 2 In sport science, this has been

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Adapting an Evidence-Based Exercise and Education Program for Older Breast Cancer Survivors for the REJOIN Trial

Shirley M. Bluethmann, Eileen Flores, Meghan Grotte, Jared Heitzenrater, Cristina I. Truica, Nancy J. Olsen, Christopher Sciamanna, and Kathryn H. Schmitz

, are common for BCS ( Bellury et al., 2011 ). Physical activity (PA) is underutilized yet essential for mitigating treatment-related side effects ( Ballard-Barbash et al., 2012 ). Programs like Fit & Strong! , an evidence-based self-management program for older adults with chronic conditions, evolved

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Applying Evidence-Based Principles From CBT to Sport Psychology

Siobhain McArdle and Phil Moore

This article highlights four key principles of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and proposes situations where these tenets would be relevant from an applied sport psychology perspective. To achieve this aim, a case study of an athlete with a dysfunctional perfectionist mindset is employed. We conclude with possible research directions in applied sport psychology informed by CBT. These recommendations include the need to further develop an evidence based formulation system and the relevance of building a repertoire of “evidence-based” behavioral experiments to improve practice.

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Creating Evidence-Based Research in Adapted Physical Activity 1

Greg Reid, Marcel Bouffard, and Catherine MacDonald

Professional practice guided by the best research evidence is a usually referred to as evidence-based practice. The aim of the present paper is to describe five fundamental beliefs of adapted physical activity practices that should be considered in an 8-step research model to create evidence-based research in adapted physical activity. The five beliefs are individualization, critical thinking, self-determination, program effectiveness, and multifactor complexity. The research model includes conceptualize the problem, conduct research on the process of the problem, conceptualize and specify the intervention, evaluate intervention outcomes, evaluate intervention processes, determine person-by-treatment interactions, determine context-dependent limitations, and investigate factors related to intervention adoption maintenance. The eight steps are explained with reference to two research programs that used a randomized control group design.

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Critical Thinking and the Evidence-Based Practice of Sport Psychology

Zella E. Moore

The primary purpose of this article is to expand the discussion about the role of science, clinical thinking, the state of the discipline, and the manner in which evidence-based practice may aid in the development of the field of sport psychology. Rejecting pseudoscientific principles and embracing sound scientific standards of research and practice will result in an increasingly fresh and vibrant field from which greater innovation and evolution can occur. This innovation will inevitably lead to a renewed commitment to theory building, as the evolving scientific database will drive new ways of thinking about the myriad of issues presented by athletic clientele. By embracing the evidence-based practice philosophy, not only will sound scientific advancements emerge, but most importantly, the overall well-being of our athletic clientele will be enhanced.