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Dose–Response and Time Course Effects of Acute Resistance Exercise on Executive Function

Christopher J. Brush, Ryan L. Olson, Peter J. Ehmann, Steven Osovsky, and Brandon L. Alderman

The purpose of this study was to examine possible dose–response and time course effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the core executive functions of inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. Twenty-eight participants (14 female; M age = 20.5 ± 2.1 years) completed a control condition and resistance exercise bouts performed at 40%, 70%, and 100% of their individual 10-repetition maximum. An executive function test battery was administered at 15 min and 180 min postexercise to assess immediate and delayed effects of exercise on executive functioning. At 15 min postexercise, high-intensity exercise resulted in less interference and improved reaction time (RT) for the Stroop task, while at 180 min low- and moderate-intensity exercise resulted in improved performance on plus–minus and Simon tasks, respectively. These findings suggest a limited and task-specific influence of acute resistance exercise on executive function in healthy young adults.

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Head, Toes, Knees, SKIP! Improving Preschool Children’s Executive Function Through a Motor Competence Intervention

Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell, and Ali Brian

Executive function refers to a set of top-down mental processes that are essential for attention, focusing, and concentration ( Diamond, 2013 ). Executive function processes include a wide range of adaptive skills, such as inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and it is

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Associations Between Physical and Executive Functions Among Community-Dwelling Older Men and Women

Anna Tirkkonen, Jenni Kulmala, Tuomo Hänninen, Timo Törmäkangas, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, and Sarianna Sipilä

determinants alone ( Grande et al., 2020 ). Poor cognition, especially poor performance in executive functions, that is, higher level functions that allow flexible goal-directed action and problem solving, has been found to be associated with slow gait speed ( Morris, Lord, Bunce, Burn, & Rochester, 2016

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The Relations Between Physical Activity Level, Executive Function, and White Matter Microstructure in Older Adults

Marissa A. Gogniat, Catherine M. Mewborn, Talia L. Robinson, Kharine R. Jean, and L. Stephen Miller

, reasoning). 9 Frontal areas are implicated in higher order processing, typically referred to as executive function. 10 Executive function is an important neuropsychological construct, especially given its positive associations to functional ability in later life. 11 There is a plethora of research

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Executive Functions, Trait Self-Control, and the Intention–Behavior Gap in Physical Activity Behavior

Ines Pfeffer and Tilo Strobach

impact of trait self-control, executive functions, and their interactions on the intention–behavior gap in the context of physical activity. Trait Self-Control and Physical Activity Behavior Although motivation to carry out a goal-directed behavior is important, the ability to translate this motivation

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Beneficial Effects of Acute Exercise on Executive Function in Adolescents

SeYun Park and Jennifer L. Etnier

age as a moderator, but conducted the analyses on all studies in their review and so did not report on the effects specific to cognitive performance postexercise. Two recent meta-analyses of this literature have limited their focus to studies on executive function (EF) and have also examined age group

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Can Movement Games Enhance Executive Function in Overweight Children? A Randomized Controlled Trial

Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu, and Chung-Ju Huang

, particularly in executive function (EF; Volkow et al., 2009 ; Walther, Birdsill, Glisky, & Ryan, 2009 ). EF refers to as a family of top-down mental processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior, is self-monitoring or self-regulation behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen

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The Effects of Aerobic Versus Cognitively Demanding Exercise Interventions on Executive Functioning in School-Aged Children: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Anna Meijer, Marsh Königs, Irene M.J. van der Fels, Chris Visscher, Roel J. Bosker, Esther Hartman, and Jaap Oosterlaan

effects of physical activity ( Best, 2010 ; de Greeff et al., 2018 ; Verburgh, Scherder, van Lange, & Oosterlaan, 2014 ). Executive functions (e.g., interference control and working memory) facilitate reasoning, problem solving, and planning ( Collins & Koechlin, 2012 ; Salthouse, 2005 ). Lower

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A Longitudinal Analysis of the Executive Functions in High-Level Soccer Players

Adam Beavan, Vincent Chin, Louise M. Ryan, Jan Spielmann, Jan Mayer, Sabrina Skorski, Tim Meyer, and Job Fransen

while negating acting on impulsive decisions, which can be attributed to the simultaneous development of cognitive control functions, such as working memory, inhibition, and flexibility ( Diamond & Lee, 2011 ). These three cognitive abilities are known as core executive functions (EFs), a type of high

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Associations of Device-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Executive Function in Preadolescents: A Latent Profile Approach

Yuxin Zhu, Fenghua Sun, Gary C.C. Chow, Sisi Tao, Simon B. Cooper, Borui Zhang, and Thomson W.L. Wong

Executive function (EF) comprises a constellation of functions, including inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, and updating information in working memory ( 9 ). EF is crucial for preadolescents’ academic achievement and serves as the capstone for social behaviors expressed across the lifespan