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Preliminary Investigation of Executive Functions in Elite Ice Hockey Players

Tobias Lundgren, Lennart Högman, Markus Näslund, and Thomas Parling

Elite level ice hockey places high demands on player’s physical and technical attributes as well as on cognitive and executive functions. There is, however, a notable lack of research on these attributes and functions. The present study investigated executive function with selected tests from the D-KEFS test battery among 48 ice hockey players and compared them to a standardized sample. Results show that ice hockey players’ scores were significantly higher on Design Fluency (DF) compared with the standardized sample score. Elite players’ scores were not significantly higher than those of lower-league hockey players. A significant correlation was found between on-ice performance and Trail Making Test (TMT) scores. Exploratory analysis showed that elite-level center forwards scored significantly higher on DF than did players in other positions. Future research should investigate whether assessment of executive function should be taken into account, in addition to physical and technical skills, when scouting for the next ice hockey star.

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Head, Toes, Knees, SKIP! Improving Preschool Children’s Executive Function Through a Motor Competence Intervention

Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell, and Ali Brian

Executive function refers to a set of top-down mental processes that are essential for attention, focusing, and concentration ( Diamond, 2013 ). Executive function processes include a wide range of adaptive skills, such as inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and it is

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Associations Between Physical and Executive Functions Among Community-Dwelling Older Men and Women

Anna Tirkkonen, Jenni Kulmala, Tuomo Hänninen, Timo Törmäkangas, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, and Sarianna Sipilä

determinants alone ( Grande et al., 2020 ). Poor cognition, especially poor performance in executive functions, that is, higher level functions that allow flexible goal-directed action and problem solving, has been found to be associated with slow gait speed ( Morris, Lord, Bunce, Burn, & Rochester, 2016

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The Relations Between Physical Activity Level, Executive Function, and White Matter Microstructure in Older Adults

Marissa A. Gogniat, Catherine M. Mewborn, Talia L. Robinson, Kharine R. Jean, and L. Stephen Miller

, reasoning). 9 Frontal areas are implicated in higher order processing, typically referred to as executive function. 10 Executive function is an important neuropsychological construct, especially given its positive associations to functional ability in later life. 11 There is a plethora of research

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Beneficial Effects of Acute Exercise on Executive Function in Adolescents

SeYun Park and Jennifer L. Etnier

age as a moderator, but conducted the analyses on all studies in their review and so did not report on the effects specific to cognitive performance postexercise. Two recent meta-analyses of this literature have limited their focus to studies on executive function (EF) and have also examined age group

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Executive Functions, Trait Self-Control, and the Intention–Behavior Gap in Physical Activity Behavior

Ines Pfeffer and Tilo Strobach

impact of trait self-control, executive functions, and their interactions on the intention–behavior gap in the context of physical activity. Trait Self-Control and Physical Activity Behavior Although motivation to carry out a goal-directed behavior is important, the ability to translate this motivation

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Can Movement Games Enhance Executive Function in Overweight Children? A Randomized Controlled Trial

Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu, and Chung-Ju Huang

, particularly in executive function (EF; Volkow et al., 2009 ; Walther, Birdsill, Glisky, & Ryan, 2009 ). EF refers to as a family of top-down mental processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior, is self-monitoring or self-regulation behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen

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The Effects of Aerobic Versus Cognitively Demanding Exercise Interventions on Executive Functioning in School-Aged Children: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Anna Meijer, Marsh Königs, Irene M.J. van der Fels, Chris Visscher, Roel J. Bosker, Esther Hartman, and Jaap Oosterlaan

effects of physical activity ( Best, 2010 ; de Greeff et al., 2018 ; Verburgh, Scherder, van Lange, & Oosterlaan, 2014 ). Executive functions (e.g., interference control and working memory) facilitate reasoning, problem solving, and planning ( Collins & Koechlin, 2012 ; Salthouse, 2005 ). Lower

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A Longitudinal Analysis of the Executive Functions in High-Level Soccer Players

Adam Beavan, Vincent Chin, Louise M. Ryan, Jan Spielmann, Jan Mayer, Sabrina Skorski, Tim Meyer, and Job Fransen

while negating acting on impulsive decisions, which can be attributed to the simultaneous development of cognitive control functions, such as working memory, inhibition, and flexibility ( Diamond & Lee, 2011 ). These three cognitive abilities are known as core executive functions (EFs), a type of high

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Associations of Device-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Executive Function in Preadolescents: A Latent Profile Approach

Yuxin Zhu, Fenghua Sun, Gary C.C. Chow, Sisi Tao, Simon B. Cooper, Borui Zhang, and Thomson W.L. Wong

Executive function (EF) comprises a constellation of functions, including inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, and updating information in working memory ( 9 ). EF is crucial for preadolescents’ academic achievement and serves as the capstone for social behaviors expressed across the lifespan