William J. Evans, Todd A. Trappe, James D. Fluckey and Charlotte Peterson
Philip D. Tomporowski, Catherine L. Davis, Kate Lambourne, Mathew Gregoski and Joseph Tkacz
The short-term aftereffects of a bout of moderate aerobic exercise were hypothesized to facilitate children’s executive functioning as measured by a visual task-switching test. Sixty-nine children (mean age = 9.2 years) who were overweight and inactive performed a category-decision task before and immediately following a 23-min bout of treadmill walking and, on another session, before and following a nonexercise period. The acute bout of physical activity did not influence the children’s global switch cost scores or error rates. Age-related differences in global switch cost scores, but not error scores, were obtained. These results, in concert with several studies conducted with adults, fail to confirm that single bouts of moderately intense physical activity influence mental processes involved in task switching.
Amy Rauer and Lyndsey M. Hornbuckle
The current study explored concordance in spouses’ perceptions about exercise and how these perceptions predicted observed and self-reported marital functioning using a sample of 64 older married couples. Although couples were similarly motivated to exercise, their views on their physical fitness and potential barriers to exercise were uncorrelated. Dyadic analyses suggested that spouses’ exercise perceptions, particularly husbands’, were associated with how spouses treated each other during a marital problem-solving task and with their concurrent and future marital satisfaction. Exploring how spouses’ views of exercise are related to their marital functioning and for whom these links are most salient may highlight potential opportunities and challenges for those wishing to strengthen couples’ individual and relational well-being through exercise.
Guy C. Wilson, Yorgi Mavros, Lotti Tajouri and Maria Fiatarone Singh
Ageing, 29 ( 5 ), 441 – 446 . PubMed ID: 11108417 doi:10.1093/ageing/29.5.441 10.1093/ageing/29.5.441 Singh , F.M. ( 2004 ). Exercise and aging . Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 20 ( 2 ), 201 – 221 . PubMed ID: 15182878 doi:10.1016/j.cger.2004.03.003 10.1016/j.cger.2004.03.003 Suehiro , T