The European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology is celebrating the 50th anniversary of its inception in Berlin (Germany), 1967. It was a modest beginning, which placed the field of pediatric exercise physiology “on the exercise physiology map.” We take this opportunity to provide a brief history of
Bareket Falk, Panagiota Klentrou, Neil Armstrong, Thomas Rowland and Han C.G. Kemper
Ryan Charles Luke and Jaye K. Luke
At many institutions introductory exercise physiology courses are required for all kinesiology students. The laboratory portion of these courses usually involves development of knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) connected with content presented in lecture. Due to scalability issues, the Kinesiology Department at California State University Monterey Bay cannot offer traditional laboratory experiences. Therefore, online and hybrid laboratory experiences were created to provide similar opportunities for students, address scalability issues, and enhance student engagement and learning. Creation of these carefully crafted laboratory experiences allowed instructors to (a) highlight and explain key foundational principles, (b) provide experiences involving practical application of material presented in lecture, and (c) present students with additional learning experiences while maintaining high learner expectations. The following article outlines the process used to create these virtual laboratory experiences for students in an undergraduate introductory exercise physiology course.
Column-editor : Robert D. Kersey
Annette J. Raynor, Fiona Iredale, Robert Crowther, Jane White and Julie Dare
to aged care providers on the effectiveness and potential benefits of an exercise physiology-led exercise program, by using a mixed-methods research design to investigate the effect of a 12-week exercise physiology led therapy program for older adults in a RAC setting. Specifically, the study
Edited by Thomas W. Rowland
David A. Dzewaltowski, Mary McElroy, Timothy I. Musch, David C. Poole and Craig A. Harms
Kinesiology is an academic discipline with a body of content that can be drawn on to support professions and to solve important public health problems. The Kansas State Physical Activity Systems Framework defines a new approach to structure the discipline. Central to the framework is the rejection of a kinesiology subdisciplinary approach and the adoption of an integrated “cell-to-society” systems approach. Each level of physical activity systems is addressed in undergraduate and graduate education and research. Supporting the framework are two research and education teams: exercise physiology and exercise behavioral science. These teams provide core integrated academic discipline content expertise and expertise for integrating professional application areas, such as public health. The framework has evolved over 20 years at Kansas State University, where today the Department of Kinesiology delivers high-quality extramurally-funded research; BS, MS, MPH, and PhD programs; and outreach in a cost-effective manner.
Alan M. Nevill
An important consideration in pediatric exercise sciences is how researchers can identify the effects of risk factors (e.g., physical inactivity, dietary composition, social class, and ethnic origin) on health-related fitness variables (e.g., peak VO2, lung function, grip strength, leg power, and arterial blood pressure) in the presence of confounding effects (e.g., differences in age, body size, and maturation). Allometric scaling provides an elegant method of identifying such risk factors while adjusting for the confounding effects of body size, age, and maturation while at the same time overcoming the undesirable distributional characteristics of such data (i.e., skewness [nonnormal] with heteroscedastic error variances). In contrast, the simple ratio standard (e.g., peak oxygen uptake [ml · kg-1 · min-1], and peak and mean power [W · kg-1]), although not a truly scaled ratio or index, is still able to provide the best prediction of weight-bearing athletic (e.g., running) performance.
Marco Van Brussel, Bart C. Bongers, Erik H.J. Hulzebos, Marcella Burghard and Tim Takken
Within pediatric medicine, clinical exercise physiology is a discipline in which the integrated response of various physiological systems (pulmonary, cardiovascular, hematologic, metabolic, and musculoskeletal) is objectively assessed and analyzed at rest, during progressive exercise, and during
Roy J. Shephard
Attention is drawn to specific practical and ethical concerns that may arise when researchers study responses to vigorous exercise in populations with disabilities. It is argued that the study of such individuals can provide important information regarding responses to exercise by nondisabled people. This thesis is illustrated by selected examples relating to (a) central versus peripheral limitation of oxygen transport, (b) the contribution of muscle pumping to venous return during vigorous exercise, (c) the contribution of sympathetic innervation to aerobic training responses, (d) the ceiling of muscle fiber hypertrophy, (e) the functional demands of daily living, and (f) the responsiveness of young children to aerobic training. It is concluded that exercise physiologists have already learned much about normal reactions to exercise by studies involving those disabilities, but there remains scope for many further investigations exploiting the special characteristics of such populations.