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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye and Susan Armijo-Olivo

process”, many are preventable ( Skelton & Todd, 2004 ). Although their etiology is typically multifactorial, exercise interventions are routinely incorporated in programs aimed at preventing falls ( Sherrington et al., 2016 ). Regular participation in fall prevention exercise programs (FPEPs) has been

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Christina E. Miyawaki, Rebecca L. Mauldin and Carolyn R. Carman

been extensively studied and documented ( Franco et al., 2015 ; Sherrington et al., 2017 ). Older adults are more likely to engage in a community-based program, such as an exercise program, if a referral is given to them by a health care provider ( Leijon, Faskunger, Bendtsen, Festin, & Nilsen, 2011

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Marina Arkkukangas, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson and Ann-Christin Johansson

 al., 2014 ). These factors imply that older adults with low physical activity levels need support to achieve a high adherence to an exercise program ( Culos-Reed, Rejeski, McAuley, Ockene, & Roter, 2000 ; Martin, Bowen, Dunbar-Jacob, & Perri, 2000 ; Picorelli et al., 2014 ). In addition, social and

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Francesco Campa, Federico Spiga and Stefania Toselli

. More recently, several studies have associated the presence of dysfunctional and asymmetric movements with greater exposure to the risk of injury. 9 – 12 In this regard, corrective exercise programs (CEPs) are designed to retrain dysfunctional and asymmetric movement patterns, improving mobility

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Julio Zago, Fellipe Amatuzzi, Tatiana Rondinel and João Paulo Matheus

impairment. 11 Physical therapy can play a role in the treatment of PFPS, such as performing stabilization exercises and joint mobilizations and manipulations. The effects of applying an exercise program (EP) in the hip and knee posterolateral region muscles complex for PFPS treatment are clear and have been

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Annette J. Raynor, Fiona Iredale, Robert Crowther, Jane White and Julie Dare

to aged care providers on the effectiveness and potential benefits of an exercise physiology-led exercise program, by using a mixed-methods research design to investigate the effect of a 12-week exercise physiology led therapy program for older adults in a RAC setting. Specifically, the study

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Maarten Stiggelbout, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Erwin Tak, Lilian Lechner and Willem van Mechelen

This study examines dropout incidence, moment of dropout, and switching behavior in organized exercise programs for seniors in the Netherlands, as determined in a prospective cohort study (with baseline measurements at the start of the exercise program and follow-up after 6 months; N = 1,725, response rate 73%). Participants were community-living individuals 50+ who participated in different forms of organized exercise programs. The average dropout incidence was 0.15 per 6 months, which is lower than that for the general population. The dropout incidence and the timing of dropout differed substantially between the exercise programs. In total, 31% of people who dropped out of one type of exercise program switched to another type of exercise. The type of program and exercise had a strong effect on differences in this switching behavior. It is recommended that switching behavior be monitored in future studies.

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John J. Fraser and Jay Hertel

are empirically assessed prior to prescription. Therefore, the purpose of this preliminary randomized control trial was to assess the effectiveness of a 4-week IFM home exercise program on rating of perceived difficulty, motor performance, and IFM activation in healthy, recreationally active young

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Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira and Paulo C. B. Bento

women, preventing progression toward frailty, and avoiding negative health consequences are needed ( Gill et al., 2006 ). Physical exercise, specially multicomponent exercise programs, have been proposed to prevent and/or reverse frailty and its adverse outcomes ( Bray, Smart, Jakobi, & Jones, 2016

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Joseph Tkacz, Deborah Young-Hyman, Colleen A. Boyle and Catherine L. Davis

This study tested the effect of a structured aerobic exercise program on anger expression in healthy overweight children. Overweight sedentary children were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise program or a no-exercise control condition. All children completed the Pediatric Anger Expression Scale at baseline and posttest. Anger Out and Anger Expression scores were lower for the exercise condition at posttest. Fitness improvements contributed significantly to final models, and points earned for adherence correlated negatively with posttest Anger Out. An aerobic exercise program might be an effective strategy to reduce anger expression, including reduction of aggressive behavior, in overweight children.