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Kaitlyn P. Roland, Jennifer M. Jakobi, and Gareth R. Jones

Interest in yoga is growing, especially among older adults. This review critically summarizes the current literature to investigate whether physical fitness and function benefits are engendered through the practice of yoga in older adults. A comprehensive search yielded 507 studies; 10 studies with 544 participants (69.6 ± 6.3 yr, 71% female) were included. Large variability in yoga styles and measurement outcomes make it challenging to interpret results across studies. Studies reported moderate improvements for gait (ES = 0.54, 0.80), balance (ES = 0.25–1.61), upper/lower body flexibility (ES = 0.25, 0.70), lower body strength (ES = 0.51), and weight loss (ES = 0.73, 0.99). Yoga may engender improvements in some components of fitness in older adults. However, more evidence is needed to determine its effectiveness as an alternative exercise to promote fitness in older adults. Further investigation into yoga as an exercise activity for older adults is warranted.

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Billy Chun-Lung So, Calvin Hong-Nin Yuen, Ken Long-Hin Tung, Sheena Lam, Sammy Lan Cheng, Zina Wing-Lam Hung, Rainy Wai-Kwan Leung, and Grace Pui-Yuk Szeto

data support Killgore’s assertion that the kinematics of CC-DWR are more comparable with LW than those of HK-DWR. 26 Clinical Implications With buoyancy reducing the load on the musculoskeletal system, 7 DWR is a possible exercise alternative for people who are unable to perform land exercise due to

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Mariana R. Silva, Cristine L. Alberton, Caroline O. Braga, and Stephanie S. Pinto

only because they are considered as a low osteoarticular impact activity in comparison with those performed on dry land, 5 but also because they are considered as an exercise alternative for individuals who seek nonconventional exercise modalities at gyms. 6 The physical properties of water cause

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Alberto Flórez-Pregonero, Matthew S. Buman, and Barbara E. Ainsworth

. Gait and Posture, 48 , 209 – 214 . PubMed ID: 27318305 doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.05.012 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.05.012 Shephard , R. ( 1988 ). PAR-Q Canadian home fitness test and exercise alternatives . Sports Medicine, 5 ( 3 ), 185 – 195 . PubMed ID: 3368685 doi:10

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Ian Ju Liang, Oliver J. Perkin, Polly M. McGuigan, Dylan Thompson, and Max J. Western

allows more frequent bouts of exercise. Alternatively, practicing tai chi has been demonstrated to improve mobility in community-dwelling older women to a similar extent as the Otago home-based strength and balance training program ( Son, Ryu, Jeong, Jang, & Kim, 2016 ). Tai chi also requires no

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Kyle Paquette and Pierre Trudel

facilitators. A variety of assessment strategies can be used. From the LC literature, we recommend the Assessment of Learner-Centered Practices (ALCP) surveys and Blumberg’s ( 2009 ) rubrics and Planning for Transformation Exercise. Alternatively, a number of documented LC informed practices with coach

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Laurence Fruteau de Laclos, Marie-Josée Sirois, Andréanne Blanchette, Dominic Martel, Joannie Blais, Marcel Émond, Raoul Daoust, and Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre

between EDs—as well as other acute care settings where older adults seek treatment for minor injuries—and exercise-based community interventions. This pragmatic study managed to offer different exercise alternatives available to the participants and recreate real-world clinical conditions. Our results