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Starving Your Performance? Reduced Preexercise Hunger Increases Resistance Exercise Performance

Mohamed Nashrudin Naharudin, Ashril Yusof, David J. Clayton, and Lewis J. James

carbohydrate/kg body mass increased subsequent resistance exercise performance compared with no breakfast, 3 which may be due to the lethargy induced by a novel fasting stimulus. 4 Interestingly, a subsequent follow-up study showed that this effect was unlikely due to the carbohydrate content of the meal, as

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Heart-Rate Acceleration Is Linearly Related to Anaerobic Exercise Performance

Noah M.A. d’Unienville, Maximillian J. Nelson, Clint R. Bellenger, Henry T. Blake, and Jonathan D. Buckley

In order to prescribe appropriate training loads to improve exercise performance, one must know how an athlete is responding to a change in load. The maximal rate of heart-rate increase (rHRI) is a marker of heart-rate (HR) acceleration that has been shown to change in response to acute 1 and

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A Little Pepper-Upper? Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Studies on Capsaicinoids, Capsinoids, and Exercise Performance

Betül Sukan-Karaçağıl, Gamze Akbulut, Yasemin Açar, and Meleknur Demirkoparan

probably limiting factors for sustaining exercise performance are creatine phosphate availability, accumulation of inorganic phosphate, latency effects on calcium used by the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and central nervous system drive ( Glaister, 2005 ). Athletes therefore use stimulants such as ephedrine or

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Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses

Matthew David Cook and Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems

nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway ( Cimino et al., 2013 ; Yan et al., 2017 ). Nrf2 is a transcription factor regulating gene expression of antioxidant proteins. Oh et al. ( 2017 ) observed upregulation of Nrf2 in mice and increased endurance exercise performance, and similar

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The Effects of Caffeine Mouth Rinsing on Exercise Performance: A Systematic Review

Alex M. Ehlert, Hannah M. Twiddy, and Patrick B. Wilson

 al., 2019 ; De Ataide e Silva et al., 2014 ). These effects of carbohydrate mouth rinsing may be mediated via sweetness properties, although changes in exercise performance and brain activation patterns have been observed even after accounting for the sweetness of carbohydrate beverages ( Chambers et

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Inspiratory Muscle Training: Improvement of Exercise Performance With Acute Hypoxic Exposure

Daniel G. Hursh, Marissa N. Baranauskas, Chad C. Wiggins, Shane Bielko, Timothy D. Mickleborough, and Robert F. Chapman

Endurance exercise performance in hypoxia is impaired partly due to declines in arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation (S p O 2 ), 1 which may limit the delivery of oxygen to exercising muscle. A well-established mechanism of defending S p O 2 during hypoxic exercise is to increase minute ventilation

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Perceptions of Ability Mediate the Effect of Motor Coordination on Aerobic and Musculoskeletal Exercise Performance in Young Children at Risk for Developmental Coordination Disorder

Tuyen Le, Jeffrey D. Graham, Sara King-Dowling, and John Cairney

studies have looked beyond physical impairments, such as motor deficits and cardiovascular functioning, to explain lower exercise performance in these children. Other prominent underlying mechanisms known to affect exercise performance, such as various psychological variables ( Rhodes, 2017 ), remain

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Effects of Weight Cutting on Exercise Performance in Combat Athletes: A Meta-Analysis

Grant C. Brechney, Jack Cannon, and Stephen P. Goodman

the effects of RWL on exercise performance in combat sports athletes are conflicting. 20 – 22 For instance, Barley et al 23 found reduced upper body maximal power and repeated high-intensity effort performance measured via medicine ball throw distance and a novel sled pushing task, respectively, in

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Caffeine Supplementation: Ergogenic in Both High and Low Caffeine Responders

Andreas Apostolidis, Vassilis Mougios, Ilias Smilios, Johanna Rodosthenous, and Marios Hadjicharalambous

examination of the ergogenic effects of caffeine on exercise performance. Soccer is a popular sport around the world, in which aerobic endurance is of prime importance due to its long duration (90 min) and the need for rapid energy substrate restoration through aerobic metabolism between high

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Acute Ketone Supplementation and Exercise Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Pedro L. Valenzuela, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García, and Alejandro Lucia

, higher mechanical work for a given energy cost). 7 There is therefore biological rationale for a potential ergogenic effect of ketone supplementation on endurance exercise performance, which in fact is a topic that has gained much popularity in recent years. 5 – 7 A seminal study of Cox et al 8 found that acute