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Jacob J. Levy, Terrance L. Tarver, and Hannah R. Douglas

Changes in exercise behavior and negative emotional states (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress) in combat sport (e.g., boxing, wrestling, martial arts) athletes were examined the month prior to gym closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic (February 2020), and approximately 1 month following gym closures (May 2020). A total of 312 combat sport athletes from 33 different countries responded to the study solicitation. Results indicated a significant decrease in combat sport training following gym closures; however, participation in other exercise activities did not significantly change. Significant mean increases in depression, anxiety, and stress were found following combat gym closures. Regression analyses revealed that number of hours of participants participated in combat sport training added significant incremental variance explained in depressive and stress symptoms above and beyond that accounted for by sex differences, preexisting conditions, and training level. Practical implications regarding losses to preferred exercise activities are discussed.

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Liza Stathokostas and Gareth R. Jones

A convenience sample of 176 healthy, community-dwelling, inactive older adults (mean age 70 ± 5 years; 62 males, 114 females) were tracked for one year. The purpose was to describe the exercise modality choices older adults make one year following participation in an exercise and education intervention. Telephone follow-up contacted 137 participants (78%, men = 50, women = 87) and 62% of the men and 69% of the women reported to be “currently exercising.” Exercising independently was the most common type of exercise reported by 81% and 64% of men and women, respectively. Walking was the most commonly reported modality by both genders. The setting of exercise was most often reported to be at home or outside for both men and women. The main reason for continued participation at 12 months was for overall health (50% of men and 40% of women). Little variation was observed for exercise modality choice. Future interventions should consider a variety of exercise and physical activity opportunities for older adults.

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Grace Yan, Dustin Steller, Nicholas M. Watanabe, and Nels Popp

that media products are offered ( Knobloch-Westerwick, 2014 ). Guided by this framework, this study sought to examine how social-media users exercise preferences in the creation of content as their responses to a variety of macrolevel factors pertaining to college football—the type of game, team

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Laura Q. Rogers, Kerry S. Courneya, Steven Verhulst, Stephen J. Markwell, and Edward McAuley


Our aim was to assess differences in exercise counseling preferences, program preferences, and telephone/Internet access among breast cancer survivors based on exercise behavior and demographic, medical, social cognitive, and environmental factors.


A self-administered survey was returned by 192 breast cancer survivors.


Participants were Caucasian (98%), and the mean age was 64 ± 11.5 years. Participants preferring an exercise specialist were more likely to report current treatment, higher self-efficacy, greater perceived barriers, and a residential environment conducive to physical activity. Participants preferring face-to-face counseling and exercising outdoors were younger, and those preferring to exercise alone and at home reported lower social support. Low-intensity exercise was preferred by participants who were sedentary, obese, less self-efficacious, enjoyed exercise less, perceived greater barriers, and reported lower social support. Participants with Internet access were more apt to be younger with higher income and greater social support.


Demographic, medical, social cognitive, and environmental factors might influence exercise preferences and Internet access. Future research assessing the effectiveness of tailoring interventions based on these factors is warranted.

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Steve Amireault, John M. Baier, and Jonathan R. Spencer

in a measurement approach ( Ioannidis, 2005 ). Scales are available to assess preference for physical activity intensity in younger individuals ( Ekkekakis et al., 2005 ) and to assess several exercise preference domains in the stroke population ( Bonner, O’Halloran, Bernhardt, & Cumming, 2016

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Jasmin C. Hutchinson, Zachary Zenko, Sam Santich, and Paul C. Dalton

 = repetition maximum. *Significant at .05 level. **Significant at .005 level. Exploring Exercise Preference and Tolerance Exercise preference and tolerance were not significantly related to the slope of pleasure during exercise in the DOWN condition ( r s ranged from .01 to −.16), or to postexercise pleasure

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Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado and Gershon Tenenbaum

maintained more positive affective valence and higher MTA throughout the extent of the cycling task than individuals with moderate and low ET. Similar research revealed that exercise preference and tolerance significantly predicted affective responses at VT, but only the ET predicted affective responses

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Danylo F. Cabral, Vinicius S. Santos, Oceano T.T. Pereira, Maria J. Silva, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Tatjana Rundek, David A. Loewenstein, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Augusto C.A. Oliveira, and Joyce Gomes-Osman

to develop their own progressive program and plan activities considering their actual fitness level, exercise preference, availability, and goals. Plan and goals development were facilitated by one-on-one meetings with the instructors. Aiming to facilitate improved PA and carryover of learned

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Coral L. Hanson, Paul Kelly, Lis Neubeck, Jordan Bell, Holly Gibb, and Kai Jin

, Biddison JR , Guralnik JM . Socio-environmental exercise preferences among older adults . Prev Med . 2004 ; 38 ( 6 ): 804 – 811 . doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.007 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.007 15193902 37. Dedeyne L , Dewinter L , Lovik A , Verschueren S , Tournoy J , Gielen E

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Aviv Emanuel, Isaac Rozen Smukas, and Israel Halperin

valence, including a feeling of burnout 27 and exercise preference. 28 To illustrate, an athlete can perform the same training session on 2 occasions. During both sessions, she may report similar RPE scores but experience different affective responses reflected in different FS ratings. This information