A convenience sample of 176 healthy, community-dwelling, inactive older adults (mean age 70 ± 5 years; 62 males, 114 females) were tracked for one year. The purpose was to describe the exercise modality choices older adults make one year following participation in an exercise and education intervention. Telephone follow-up contacted 137 participants (78%, men = 50, women = 87) and 62% of the men and 69% of the women reported to be “currently exercising.” Exercising independently was the most common type of exercise reported by 81% and 64% of men and women, respectively. Walking was the most commonly reported modality by both genders. The setting of exercise was most often reported to be at home or outside for both men and women. The main reason for continued participation at 12 months was for overall health (50% of men and 40% of women). Little variation was observed for exercise modality choice. Future interventions should consider a variety of exercise and physical activity opportunities for older adults.
Liza Stathokostas and Gareth R. Jones
Jacob J. Levy, Terrance L. Tarver, and Hannah R. Douglas
Changes in exercise behavior and negative emotional states (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress) in combat sport (e.g., boxing, wrestling, martial arts) athletes were examined the month prior to gym closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic (February 2020), and approximately 1 month following gym closures (May 2020). A total of 312 combat sport athletes from 33 different countries responded to the study solicitation. Results indicated a significant decrease in combat sport training following gym closures; however, participation in other exercise activities did not significantly change. Significant mean increases in depression, anxiety, and stress were found following combat gym closures. Regression analyses revealed that number of hours of participants participated in combat sport training added significant incremental variance explained in depressive and stress symptoms above and beyond that accounted for by sex differences, preexisting conditions, and training level. Practical implications regarding losses to preferred exercise activities are discussed.
Grace Yan, Dustin Steller, Nicholas M. Watanabe, and Nels Popp
that media products are offered ( Knobloch-Westerwick, 2014 ). Guided by this framework, this study sought to examine how social-media users exercise preferences in the creation of content as their responses to a variety of macrolevel factors pertaining to college football—the type of game, team
Jacqueline Giovanna De Roza, David Wei Liang Ng, Chunyan Wang, Cindy Seok Chin Soh, Ling Jia Goh, Blessy Koottappal Mathew, Teena Jose, Chwee Yan Tan, and Kar Cheng Goh
This descriptive cross-sectional mixed methods study conducted in Singapore aimed to describe community-dwelling older adults’ differences in physical activity (PA) based on perceived safety to exercise, barriers to PA, and preferred modes of PA during a pandemic. Out of 268 older adults, 25.4% felt unsafe to exercise during the pandemic. More participants who felt unsafe were aged 75 years and older (72.1% vs. 57.0%, p = .028) and lacked formal education (54.4% vs. 37.0%, p = .040). Barriers included difficulties exercising with masks, family concerns, and exercise center closures. Those who felt unsafe were significantly more likely to exercise at home and had significantly shorter duration of exercise and walks per week (2.72 vs. 4.50 hr, p = .002). Perceived barriers and exercise preferences should be considered when developing programs to improve older adults’ PA during pandemics.
Laura Q. Rogers, Kerry S. Courneya, Steven Verhulst, Stephen J. Markwell, and Edward McAuley
Our aim was to assess differences in exercise counseling preferences, program preferences, and telephone/Internet access among breast cancer survivors based on exercise behavior and demographic, medical, social cognitive, and environmental factors.
A self-administered survey was returned by 192 breast cancer survivors.
Participants were Caucasian (98%), and the mean age was 64 ± 11.5 years. Participants preferring an exercise specialist were more likely to report current treatment, higher self-efficacy, greater perceived barriers, and a residential environment conducive to physical activity. Participants preferring face-to-face counseling and exercising outdoors were younger, and those preferring to exercise alone and at home reported lower social support. Low-intensity exercise was preferred by participants who were sedentary, obese, less self-efficacious, enjoyed exercise less, perceived greater barriers, and reported lower social support. Participants with Internet access were more apt to be younger with higher income and greater social support.
Demographic, medical, social cognitive, and environmental factors might influence exercise preferences and Internet access. Future research assessing the effectiveness of tailoring interventions based on these factors is warranted.
Steve Amireault, John M. Baier, and Jonathan R. Spencer
in a measurement approach ( Ioannidis, 2005 ). Scales are available to assess preference for physical activity intensity in younger individuals ( Ekkekakis et al., 2005 ) and to assess several exercise preference domains in the stroke population ( Bonner, O’Halloran, Bernhardt, & Cumming, 2016
Jasmin C. Hutchinson, Zachary Zenko, Sam Santich, and Paul C. Dalton
= repetition maximum. *Significant at .05 level. **Significant at .005 level. Exploring Exercise Preference and Tolerance Exercise preference and tolerance were not significantly related to the slope of pleasure during exercise in the DOWN condition ( r s ranged from .01 to −.16), or to postexercise pleasure
Jeff Caron, Alyson Crozier, Alison Ede, Matt Hoffman, Christopher Hill, Sean Locke, Desi McEwan, Kathleen Mellano, Eva Pila, Matthew Stork, and Svenja Wolf
Edited by Kim Gammage
, there is some evidence that it may be important to consider exercise preference and tolerance profiles when attempting to promote resistance exercise with positive affective responses. Bastos, V., Andrade, A.J., Rodrigues, F., Monteiro, D., Cid, L., & Teixeira, D.S. (2022). Set to fail: Affective
Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado and Gershon Tenenbaum
maintained more positive affective valence and higher MTA throughout the extent of the cycling task than individuals with moderate and low ET. Similar research revealed that exercise preference and tolerance significantly predicted affective responses at VT, but only the ET predicted affective responses
Sarah C. Galway, Meghan H.D. Laird, Matthieu Dagenais, and Kimberley L. Gammage
assigned a student. After an initial information-gathering session (e.g., medical history, goals, and exercise preferences), they were given an individualized workout program. The members then met with a student trainer twice per week for 8–10 weeks where they completed a supervised exercise session. The