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Ali Eroglu and Melda Pelin Yargic

, 5 Treatment options of rotator cuff pathologies can be either operative or conservative (such as exercise therapy [EXE], activity modification, physiotherapy, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or injection therapies). Having a partial-thickness tear is one of the predictors of better

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Matias Yoma, Lee Herrington, and Tanya A. Mackenzie

regarding the effects of exercise therapy on shoulder pain in swimmers. Furthermore, the effects of exercise therapy on musculoskeletal risk factors associated with shoulder pain have not been reviewed either. It might prove that, this limited knowledge might explain why the incidence and prevalence of

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Hamid Reza Bokaeian, Fateme Esfandiarpour, Shahla Zahednejad, Hossein Kouhzad Mohammadi, and Farzam Farahmand

reduced functional activity. Hence, an appropriate exercise therapy protocol should be able to reduce pain and improve function, and the methodology of the study should include some standard functional tests at a reasonable follow-up time, at least 1 month, to assess these measures ( Newberry et al., 2017

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Antonio J. Molina, Vicente Martin, Tania Fernández-Villa, Jose M. Cancela, and Carlos Ayan

population, intervention, comparison, and outcome strategy was formulated as follows: adults aged 60 years and older (population), stretching exercise (intervention), other exercise therapies (comparison), and physical fitness and function (outcome). Based on this strategy and following the recommendations

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Damla Karabay, Yusuf Emük, and Derya Özer Kaya

: 15189015 doi:10.2519/jospt.2004.34.5.235 15189015 10.2519/jospt.2004.34.5.235 Appendix 1: Search Strategy PubMed Search Strategy 1. Trapezius (Text Word) 2. Serratus Anterior (Text Word) 3. 1 OR 2 4. Exercise Therapy (MeSH Terms) 5. Exercise (MeSH Terms) 6. Resistance Training (MeSH Terms) 7. Exercise

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Pablo Núñez-Martínez and David Hernández-Guillen

using Medical Subject Headings search terms, keywords, descriptors, Boolean operators (AND and OR), and symbols, as follows: “((patellar tendinopathy[Title/Abstract]) AND (exercise therapy OR education OR load [MeSH Terms])) AND (therapy OR treatment [MeSH Terms]).” The search results were collected in

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Brian C. Focht, Wendy M. Sanders, Peter H. Brubaker, and W. Jack Rejeski

The authors examined the validity of the Computer Science and Application (CSA) activity monitor during a bout of rehabilitative exercise among older adults with chronic disease. In order to determine convergent validity, 50 participants were monitored during a 30-min walk in Study 1. In order to assess concurrent validity, 10 volunteers wore both a CSA accelerometer and a Cosmed K4 b2 portable gas-analysis unit during 30 min of rehabilitative exercise in Study 2. Study 1 results revealed significant (p < .01) positive relationships between mean CSA activity counts and estimated METs (r = .60), pedometer readings (r = .47), 6-min walk (r = .62), and self-efficacy (r = .45). Study 2 results demonstrated a significant (p < .01) positive correlation between CSA activity counts and oxygen uptake (r = .72). The findings suggest that the CSA activity monitor is an effective objective measure of physical activity during a structured, moderate-intensity bout of exercise among older adults with chronic disease.

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Wolfram Haslinger, Lisa Müller, Nejc Sarabon, Christian Raschner, Helmut Kern, and Stefan Löfler


To determine the effectiveness of exercise in improving sensorimotor function and functional performance, crucial parts of activities of daily living in healthy older adults.






39 subjects (M = 71.8 years, range: 61–89 years).


Task-oriented visual feedback balance training.

Primary outcome measure:

Timed Up & Go (TUG).

Secondary outcome measures:

Chair stand test (CST), self-paced walk test, maximum isometric torque, quiet stand posturography, and dynamic balance (DB).


Postintervention comparison of the treatment group (TG) and control group (CG) showed better TUG (p < .01), CST (p < .001), and DB (p < .025) for the TG. Pre–post intervention comparison of the TG showed better clinically-relevant outcomes in TUG (p < .001), CST (p < .001), and DB (p < .001).


Active driven visual feedback balance training is effective in improving functional performance and dynamic balance in older adults.

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Juliana Limba da Fonseca, Marcio Magini, and Thais Helena de Freitas


To evaluate the influence of pain on vertical ground-reaction force (VGRF) in patients with low back problems and the effect of the Pilates method on the gait of these patients.


A single-blind randomized controlled trial.


28 individuals assigned to a control group (n = 11) and a low-back group (n = 17), the latter of which was subdivided into a Pilates group (n = 8) and a no-Pilates group (n = 9).


The Pilates group undertook 15 sessions of Pilates.

Main Outcome Measures:

The VGRF parameters were recorded during preferred and faster walking speeds. The data were collected before and after the intervention.


The weight-acceptance rate and push-off rate were significantly less in the right lower limb of low-back group than of the control group at preferred speed. Improvements were seen in the Pilates group postintervention, with increased middle-support force for the left lower limb at faster walking speed and decreased pain; this did not occur in the no-Pilates group.


These results suggest that patients with low back pain use strategies to attenuate the amount of force imposed on their body. The Pilates method can improve weight discharge in gait and reduce pain compared with no intervention.