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Erik Lundkvist, Henrik Gustafsson, Daniel Madigan, Sören Hjälm, and Anton Kalén

workload that stem from a 24/7 mentality in elite sport ( Lundkvist et al., 2012 ). Burnout has several definitions, but the most common is based on Maslach’s work-related three-dimensional conceptualization ( Maslach et al., 1986 ). The first dimension comprises experiences of emotional exhaustion

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Ye Hoon Lee, Hyungil Harry Kwon, and K. Andrew R. Richards

exhaustion, and job satisfaction among high school PE teachers. We ground our work in appraisals of emotion theory and develop a research-based conceptual model that is tested through structural equation modeling (SEM). Appraisal Theory of Emotion Appraisals of emotion theory explain why it is possible for

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Nicholas S. Washburn, Kelly L. Simonton, K. Andrew R. Richards, and Ye Hoon Lee

How teachers feel impacts how they teach ( Chen, 2019 ). Emotional exhaustion (EE) and affective commitment (AC) stand as two contrasting emotionally laden constructs that characterize how individuals feel about their work. Recently, the two constructs have received significant attention from

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Allison Jeffrey, Holly Thorpe, and Nida Ahmad

the opportunity to move beyond words, and to appreciate the uniqueness of the womens’ experiences as posthuman knowing subjects living through a pandemic. From Collective Exhaustion to Affirmative Ethics: Key Findings This section is separated into four parts, each revealing a key finding that emerged

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Lara Lima Nabuco, Bryan Saunders, Renato André Sousa da Silva, Guilherme Eckhardt Molina, and Caio Eduardo Gonçalves Reis

( Marinho et al., 2020 ). A recent systematic review indicated that more research is warranted to elucidate the effects of Caff-MR on exercise performance ( Ehlert et al., 2020 ). Furthermore, no previous study has evaluated the effects of Caff-MR on exercise capacity, such as a cycling time to exhaustion

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Wesley J. Wilson, Steven K. Holland, and Justin A. Haegele

), resilience, perceived mattering, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction in APE teachers. We developed and tested a conceptual framework grounded in role socialization theory ( Richards, 2015 ), using structural equation modeling (SEM). Role Socialization Theory Role socialization theory is a sociological

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Bettina Karsten, Jonathan Baker, Fernando Naclerio, Andreas Klose, Antonino Bianco, and Alfred Nimmerichter

2 slow component. 2 This provides an intrinsic link between loss of muscle efficiency and development of fatigue. 2 , 3 In addition to a maximal ramp test, the conventional CP assessment requires athletes on repeated occasions to perform time-to-exhaustion (TTE) trials, commonly applied after a 24

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Lawrence E. Armstrong and Rebecca M. Lopez


Exertional heat exhaustion (HEX) is the most common form of heat illness experienced by athletes, laborers, and military personnel. Both dehydration stemming from a water and/or salt deficiency and a high ambient temperature must exist for HEX to occur. In the field, appropriate therapy can reduce recovery time.


This manuscript provides clinical guidance regarding return to activity. The primary focus of this paper is to describe the evaluation of residual effects and the underlying personal characteristics that initially predispose the athlete to HEX. Attention to these factors will reduce the risk of future episodes.

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Antoine Raberin, Sarah J. Willis, Thomas Richard, Joakim Elmer, Gianluca Vernillo, F. Marcello Iaia, Olivier Girard, Davide Malatesta, and Grégoire P. Millet

of 5 × 5-s efforts). One potential drawback of a “close loop” approach is that pacing may occur due to prior knowledge of the number of sprints in the trial. 9 Open loop design (ie, RSE to exhaustion) is used to investigate the normoxia-to-hypoxia difference in acute responses to RSE and determine

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Marcelo Luis Marquezi, Hamilton Augusto Roschel, André dos Santos Costa, Letícia Aiko Sawada, and Antonio Herbert Lancha Jr.

Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of aspartate (ASP) and asparagine (ASG) supplementation on fatigue determinants in Wistar rats exercised to exhaustion by swimming. Methods: The animals were tested for anaerobic threshold (AT) determination and then supplemented with 350 mM ASP + 400 mM ASG · day−1 (AA group, n = 16) or 2 ml · day−1 of distillated water (PLC group, n = 16) for 7 days. On the 7th day of supplementation, the animals were divided into 4 new groups and killed at rest (RAA, n = 8; RPLC, n = 8), or immediately after the swimming exercise to exhaustion (EAA, n = 8; EPLC, n = 8). Results: No significant differences were observed between amino acids and placebo rest groups for muscle and liver glycogen, blood glucose, lactate, ala-nine, and glutamine concentrations. However, in the exhaustion groups, the EAA group showed higher exercise time (68.37+ 25.42 X 41.12 + 13.82 min, p < .05) and lower blood lactate concentration (8.57 ± 1.92 X 11.28 + 2.61 mmol · L−1, p < .05) than the EPLC group. Moreover, the ASP+ASG supplementation decreased the rate of glycogen degradation of gastrocnemius (1.00 + 0.51 X 3.43 ± 0.99 μg · 100 mg of tissue sample−1 · min−1), extensor digitorius longus (5.70 ± 2.35 X 8.11 ± 3.97 μg · 100 mg of tissue sample−1 min−1) and liver (0.51 ± 0.34 X 3.37 ± 2.31 μg · 100 mg of tissue sample−1 min−1) for EAA. Conclusion: These results suggest that ASP+ASG supplementation may increase the contribution of oxidative metabolism in energy production and delay fatigue during exercise performed above the AT.