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Anthony D. Pizzo, Bradley J. Baker, Gareth J. Jones, and Daniel C. Funk

on the service experience, are explored through the sport experience design (SX) framework ( Funk, 2017 ). This approach addresses both the practical challenges confronting fitness clubs and the theoretical limitations of existing research on WFT, which historically has viewed managerial and consumer

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James Du, Heather Kennedy, Jeffrey D. James, and Daniel C. Funk

has proceeded along a number of fronts, such as experience design and consumer characteristics ( Baker et al., 2018 ), the effects of consumer experience quality ( Yoshida, 2017 ), and broader economic impacts ( Luo & Bhattacharya, 2006 ). Sport scholars have primarily utilized two perspectives to

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Isabel Mayer, Matthias W. Hoppe, Jürgen Freiwald, Rafael Heiss, Martin Engelhardt, Casper Grim, Christoph Lutter, Moritz Huettel, Raimund Forst, and Thilo Hotfiel

Context: Foam rolling (FR) has been developed into a popular intervention and has been established in various sports disciplines. However, its effects on target tissue, including changes in stiffness properties, are still poorly understood. Objective: To investigate muscle-specific and connective tissue-specific responses after FR in recreational athletes with different FR experience. Design: Case series. Setting: Laboratory environment. Participants: The study was conducted with 40 participants, consisting of 20 experienced (EA) and 20 nonexperienced athletes (NEA). Intervention: The FR intervention included 5 trials per 45 seconds of FR of the lateral thigh in the sagittal plane with 20 seconds of rest between each trial. Main Outcome Measures: Acoustic radiation force impulse elastosonography values, represented as shear wave velocity, were obtained under resting conditions (t0) and several times after FR exercise (0 min [t1], 30 min [t2], 6 h [t3], and 24 h [t4]). Data were assessed in superficial and deep muscle (vastus lateralis muscle; vastus intermedius muscle) and in connective tissue (iliotibial band). Results: In EA, tissue stiffness of the iliotibial band revealed a significant decrease of 13.2% at t1 (P ≤ .01) and 12.1% at t3 (P = .02). In NEA, a 6.2% increase of stiffness was found at t1, which was not significantly different to baseline (P = .16). For both groups, no significant iliotibial band stiffness changes were found at further time points. Also, regarding muscle stiffness, no significant changes were detected at any time for EA and NEA (P > .05). Conclusions: This study demonstrates a significant short-term decrease of connective tissue stiffness in EA, which may have an impact on the biomechanical output of the connective tissue. Thus, FR effects on tissue stiffness depend on the athletes’ experience in FR, and existing studies have to be interpreted cautiously in the context of the enrolled participants.

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Greg Joachim, Nico Schulenkorf, Katie Schlenker, Stephen Frawley, and Adam Cohen

situations, highlighting a need for sport managers to better understand said users as a way of enhancing the experience(s) sport might offer them. Recognizing these ongoing changes and the challenges they present to sport organizations, Funk ( 2017 ) proposed a sport experience design framework that adopts a

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Peter F. Bodary and M. Melissa Gross

kinesiology. It is through this lens that we describe some of our recent evidence-based approaches to pedagogical innovation that provide learning experiences designed to develop the skills needed by students in our School of Kinesiology. We discuss two strategies that we infused into several courses and the

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Adam Karg, Heath McDonald, and Civilai Leckie

Mullin et al.’s ( 2014 ) “escalator” framework which better recognize the emergence of broadcast consumption, and recent works on the Psychological Continuum Model (e.g.,  Funk et al., 2016 ) and sport experience design ( Funk, 2017 ) that recognize that fan avidity might be expressed in ways other than

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Jaana Parviainen

: Peter Lang . Parviainen , J. ( 2011 ). The standardization process of movement in the fitness industry: The experience design of Les Mills choreographies . European Journal of Cultural Studies, 14 ( 5 ), 526 – 541 . doi:10.1177/1367549411412202 10.1177/1367549411412202 Parviainen , J. ( 2014

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Daniel C. Funk

). Blessed are the gatekeepers: A longitudinal study of the editorial boards of the accounting review . Issues in Accounting Education, 24 , 299 – 318 . 10.2308/iace.2009.24.3.299 Funk , D.C. ( 2017 ). Introducing a sport experience design (SX) framework for sport consumer behaviour research . Sport

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Collin A. Webster, Diana Mindrila, Chanta Moore, Gregory Stewart, Karie Orendorff, and Sally Taunton

, for all students at your school to (a) receive quality educational experiences designed to prepare individuals for a lifetime of participation in PA and (b) meet the national guideline for school-aged youth to accumulate at least 60 minutes of mostly moderate to vigorous PA each day (including time

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Collin A. Webster, Diana Mîndrilă, Chanta Moore, Gregory Stewart, Karie Orendorff, and Sally Taunton

) receive quality educational experiences designed to prepare individuals for a lifetime of participation in PA and (b) meet the national guideline for school-aged youth to accumulate at least 60 minutes of mostly moderate-to-vigorous PA each day (including time in and out of school). The next section of the