The overall purpose of this study was to examine parents’ perspectives on the benefits of sport participation for their young children. Specifically, this study addressed two research questions: (1) What benefits do parents perceive their children gain through participation in organized youth sport programs? (2) How do parents think their children acquire these benefits? Twenty-two parents (12 mothers, 10 fathers) of children aged 5-8 years participated in individual semistructured interviews. Data were subjected to qualitative analysis techniques based on the interpretive description methodology. Parents reported their children gained a range of personal, social, and physical benefits from participating in sport because it allowed them to explore their abilities and build positive self-perceptions. Parents indicated they believed children acquired benefits when coaches created a mastery-oriented motivational climate that facilitated exploration. Crucially, parents appeared to play the most important role in their children’s acquisition of benefits by seizing “teachable moments” from sport and reinforcing certain principles in the home environment.
Parents’ Perspectives on the Benefits of Sport Participation for Young Children
Kacey C. Neely and Nicholas L. Holt
Infants Born Preterm Demonstrate Reduced Task-Specific Exploration During the Scaffolded Kick-Activated Mobile Task
Jeong Ah Kim, Sungwoo Park, Linda Fetters, Sandrah P. Eckel, Masayoshi Kubo, and Barbara Sargent
differences in the way infants born PT explore their environment as they learn the relationship between their movement and its effect on the environment ( Babik et al., 2017 ; Lobo et al., 2015 ). Previous research has used video coding of behavioral data to describe differences in the exploration of 3- to 4
An Exploration of Sport Psychology Professional Quality of Life in British Neophyte Practitioners
Daniel R.F. Martin, Alessandro Quartiroli, and Christopher R.D. Wagstaff
qualitative exploration of the experiences of 20 globally situated senior-level SPPs, Quartiroli et al. ( 2019a ) observed results similar to those of Quartiroli and Etzel ( 2012 ) in that the majority of SPPs’ professional experiences appear to be positive. Nevertheless, the authors also observed in their
Football Versus National Service: A Case Study Exploration of Facebook Comments on the Ben Davis Saga
Nathanael C.H. Ong
their opinions for and against MINDEF’s rejection of Davis’ deferment application. Background to the Case In order to gain a deeper appreciation of the context of this case, an exploration of the existing literature on areas related to this case needed to be conducted. The first area to be covered was
A Preliminary Exploration of the Application of Self-Compassion Within the Context of Sport Injury
Zenzi Huysmans and Damien Clement
literature in terms of the differential impact of negative and positive life stress on frequency or severity of injury ( Johnson, 2007 ; Petrie, 1993 ). However, no prior studies have found a negative association between positive life stress and injury. Evidently, there is a need for further exploration of
A Qualitative Exploration of Substitutes’ Experiences in Soccer
Bernadette Woods and Joanne Thatcher
The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative exploration of the substitute role in an attempt to uncover detailed understanding of soccer players’ experiences. Twenty soccer substitutes were individually interviewed. Inductive content analysis revealed that they experienced mainly negative organizational, person and competitive factors as substitutes, with fewer positive experiences. Organizational factors were: receiving short notice, segregation, poor coach communication, inactivity and restricted preparation. Person factors were: dissatisfaction with status, self-presentation and impression motivation concerns, reduced control over performance and coach’s decisions, reduced motivation to prepare, negative emotions and elevated state anxiety. Positive responses were: role acceptance, remaining focused, enthusiastic and confident and performing well. Sport psychologists, team-mates and coaches should be aware of these experiences and how they can help substitutes cope with their role.
Athletes’ Perceptions of Their Team Motivational Climate, Career Exploration and Engagement, and Athletic Identity
Kiira N. Poux and Mary D. Fry
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between studentathletes’ perceptions of the motivational climate on their sport teams and their own career exploration and engagement and athletic identity. Student-athletes (N = 101) from various National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions were administered online surveys. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between the climate variables (i.e., caring, task, and ego) and athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. One significant function emerged: Perceptions of a high task-involving climate and moderate caring climate were positively associated with athletes’ reporting higher athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. Results suggest that Division I athletes may benefit from having coaches who foster a caring and task-involving team climate with regard to the athletes’ development as holistic individuals who spend their college years performing at a high level of sport and also preparing for their lives after college and sports.
Exploration of Internet Gaming Disorder Among the Esports Community
Ryan Woolhouse and Robert Patton
variables were most predictive of IGD among esports players? Methods Design This study utilized a quantitative cross-sectional design through the use of self-completion measures. This design allowed for the exploration of association between IGD with distress and disability, estimation of IGD prevalence
An Exploration of Sport Fandom in Online Communities
Michael Kirkwood, Sheau-Fen Yap, and Yingzi Xu
relevant to the phenomenon of interest ( Kassarjian, 1977 ). Content analysis allows an impressionistic but systematic exploration of the current research questions ( Carlson, 2008 ). We followed an emergent coding process as described by Stemler ( 2001 ) whereby the categories were allowed to emerge from
Preparing to Take the Field: A Temporal Exploration of Stress, Emotion, and Coping in Elite Cricket
Adam James Miles, Rich Neil, and Jamie Barker
The purpose of this study was to explore the stress, emotion, and coping (SEC) experiences of elite cricketers leading up to and on the day of their first competitive fixture of the season. Four elite male cricketers (M = 21.25, SD = 1.5) completed Stress and Emotion Diaries (SEDs) for the 7-day period leading up to and on the day of their first competitive fixture of the season. We then interviewed the cricketers to explore the content of the SEDs in more detail. We used semistructured interviews to glean insight into the stressors, cognitions, emotions, coping strategies, and behaviors. Inductive and deductive content data analysis provided a holistic and temporal exploration of the SEC process underpinned by the cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotions (Lazarus, 1999). The results highlighted the ongoing and continuous nature of the SEC process while illustrating the coping strategies the cricketers used leading up to and on the day of competition.