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Sheena S. Philip, Joy C. Macdermid, Saranya Nair, Dave Walton and Ruby Grewal

.S. hospitals between 2001 and 2007 ( Orces & Martinez, 2010 ). The DRF can occur in all age groups but is more widely reported among children, young adults, and older adults ( Nellans, Kowalski, & Chung, 2012 ; Randsborg et al., 2013 ). The contributing factors in DRF appear to vary by age group; Lindau

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Mitchell J. Henderson, Job Fransen, Jed J. McGrath, Simon K. Harries, Nick Poulos and Aaron J. Coutts

aerobic fitness improves the physical performance of players competing within the same level of competition. To assist players in preparing for training and competition, sports scientists monitor various factors relating to individual players’ readiness. 1 Typical tools for monitoring readiness include

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Margaret C. Morrissey, Michael R. Szymanski, Andrew J. Grundstein and Douglas J. Casa

Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a life-threatening condition characterized by an internal temperature ≥40°C with central-nervous-system dysfunction ( Casa et al., 2015 ). EHS is interesting to study when examining prevention strategies and factors that predispose individuals to develop the

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Seoha Min, Sumin Koo and Jennifer Wilson

older adults. Physical changes occurring later in life, such as loss of flexibility, declines in strength, and loss of bone density due to aging ( Charness & Bosman, 1990 ), must all be considered and factored in to the design of gardening apparel. It is critical to consider the physical changes of

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Øyvind Skattebo and Thomas Losnegard

variability of performance variables (ie, shooting time, proportion of targets hit, and skiing time) and how race factors like altitude, snow condition, wind conditions, and course profiles affect performance (and thereby the variability of performance) seems important in optimizing training preparation and

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Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti and Ángel L. Rodríguez-Fernández

, investigation into the prevalence of volleyball injuries in other European countries is lacking. Prevalence studies that provide information about the presence of injuries, risk factors, and injury mechanisms have shown that it is possible to introduce preventive or therapeutic strategies adapted to a

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Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Katie E. Gunnell and Mark Stephen Tremblay

table). In this sense, self-report questionnaires can be a useful way to identify and quantify the time spent engaged in ST, which, in turn, may be related to health risk factors. Examining the validity of self-reported measures of ST, researchers have demonstrated that scores from self-report measures

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

with torque factors of 0.75 to 0.90 N·m·kg −1 . 3 – 9 With the exception of the findings of Woolf et al, 9 all have found no effect of caffeine on performance. Nevertheless, Anselme et al 10 and Glaister et al 11 observed a significant effect of caffeine on peak anaerobic power output as determined

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Leilani A. Madrigal, Vincenzo Roma, Todd Caze, Arthur Maerlender and Debra Hope

Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2; Smith, Smoll, Cumming, & Grossbard, 2006 ), but replication of the scale factor structure is needed in an English-speaking population. The SAS-2 is a shortened version of the Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS; Smith et al., 2006 ). In a sample of 9–11 years olds ( n  = 484) and 12

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton and Simone Pettigrew

the least active population segment ( Colley et al., 2011 ; Troiano et al., 2008 ). Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that determine physical activity participation among older adults in order to facilitate the development of effective interventions to promote activity in this age