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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Sara M. St. George, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Rachel Wetstone, Elizabeth R. Pulgaron, Guillermo Prado, and Sara J. Czaja

between secondary caregiver grandparents and grandchildren for health promotion within families. Use of Technology There has been an exponential increase of smartphone ownership among older adults over the last decade ( Anderson & Perrin, 2017 ) and widespread use of technology among children. Since 2013

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Kalli A. Reynolds, Emma Haycraft, and Carolyn R. Plateau

attitudes toward, exercise. The aim of this qualitative study is therefore to provide a deeper understanding of the potential implications of sociocultural influences (ie, peers, family, social media, fitness tracking technology) on exercise behaviors and attitudes among adolescent boys and girls. Method

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Jemima C. John, Natalia I. Heredia, Lorna H. McNeill, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Susan M. Schembre, MinJae Lee, Jasmine J. Opusunju, Margaret Goetz, Maria Aguirre, Belinda M. Reininger, and Larkin L. Strong

% of Hispanic Americans meet national PA guidelines for weekly aerobic and strength-conditioning activities compared with 23.5% of non-Hispanic Whites. 8 Studies suggest that close family ties and shared living environments can result in similar health behaviors. 9 – 11 Within Hispanic cultures

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Susan C. Duncan, Terry E. Duncan, Lisa A. Strycker, and Nigel R. Chaumeton

Typical studies of youth physical activity ignore the dependence among family members, examining only individual levels of data rather than individual and family levels. The current study examined physical activity among siblings (mean age = 12.2 years), using hierarchical linear modeling. Individual-and family-level covariates of physical activity were included in the model. Data from 930 siblings nested within 371 families were analyzed in a four-level multilevel design. Results indicated that siblings were similar in their levels of physical activity, and that levels of physical activity varied across families. At the individual level, age was a significant predictor of physical activity. At the family level, higher levels of family support were related to higher levels of sibling physical activity, as were single-parent status and higher income. Perceptions of neighborhood opportunities and observed neighborhood physical activity facilities were negatively related to family levels of physical activity.

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Vernon M. Grant, Emily J. Tomayko, Ronald J. Prince, Kate Cronin, and Alexandra Adams

AI family dyads (1 child and 1 adult) using a model that considered the novel covariates sleep and stress to better inform obesity and chronic disease prevention. Healthy Children Strong Families-2 (HCSF2) is a novel healthy lifestyle and obesity prevention randomized trial that was conducted in 5

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Christianne M. Eason, Stephanie M. Singe, and Kelsey Rynkiewicz

Work–family conflict (WFC) is an area of interest that has been studied extensively in the athletic trainer population, with a focus on causes and consequences. 1 – 5 Conflict can be described as an incompatibility between two or more opinions, interests, or roles. The demands associated with the

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Kassi A. Boyd and Donna L. Goodwin

experience lost dignity more frequently than their nondisabled counterparts through physical, verbal, and relational forms of bullying ( Fisher, Corr, & Morin, 2016 ; Schroeder, Cappadocia, Bedko, Pepler, & Weiss, 2014 ). Feelings of being “lesser than” have also extended to family members of children with

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Dawn E. Trussell

. (Parent A, Family 6, United States) The collective evidence points to the need for sport organizations to understand the sometimes, arguably, hostile environments for athletes, coaches, and employees of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) identities (e.g.,  Carless, 2012 ; Cunningham

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Charlotte Louise Edwardson, Trish Gorely, Natalie Pearson, and Andrew Atkin


To progress physical activity (PA) social support research using objective measures of PA, attention should be turned to specific segments of the day (eg, after school or weekends) in which young people spend the majority of their time with parents or friends. Furthermore, the majority of previous research has focused on the influence of parents and peers. The current study examined gender and age differences in 5 sources of activity-related social support and their relationship with objectively measured after-school and weekend PA among adolescents.


328 adolescents aged 12–16 years (57% boys) wore an accelerometer for 7 days and completed a questionnaire assessing support for PA. After-school and weekend PA were extracted.


Adolescents perceived more support from their peers compared with other sources and boys perceived more peer support than girls. Younger adolescents perceived greater amounts of family support and explicit modeling from both mother and father; however, logistic support appeared constant throughout adolescence. After controlling for gender and age, peer support was a significant influence on after-school MVPA.


Findings suggest that there may be benefit in encouraging adolescents to participate in PA in the after-school period with their peers.

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Katherine Sveinson and Kim Toffoletti

Family-friendly,” which we define as an interaction between consumers (i.e., parents and children) and the organization, which includes initiatives by leagues, teams, and stadiums to support greater participation of families in sport events , has become a popular term for marketers. This strategy