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Kristen Holm, Holly Wyatt, James Murphy, James Hill and Lorraine Odgen

Background:

This study examined the association between parent and child change in physical activity during a family-based intervention for child weight gain prevention.

Methods:

Daily step counts were recorded for parents and children in 83 families given a goal to increase activity by 2000 steps per day above baseline. Linear mixed effects models were used to predict child change in daily step counts from parental change in step counts.

Results:

Both maternal (P < .0001) and paternal (P < .0001) change in step counts for the current day strongly predicted child change in step counts for that day. On average, a child took an additional 2117.6 steps above baseline on days his or her mother met her goal versus 1175.2 additional steps when the mother did not meet her goal. The respective values were 1598.0 versus 1123.1 steps for fathers. Day of week moderated the maternal effect (P = .0019), with a larger impact on Saturday and Sunday compared with weekdays. A similar but nonsignificant pattern was observed for fathers.

Conclusions:

Encouraging parents to increase physical activity, particularly on weekends, may be a highly effective way to leverage parental involvement in interventions to increase children’s physical activity.

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Ashley A. Fenner, Erin K. Howie, Leon M. Straker and Martin S. Hagger

The current study explored whether a multidisciplinary family-based intervention underpinned by self-determination theory could enhance perceptions of parent need support, autonomous motivation, and quality of life in overweight and obese adolescents. Using a staggered-entry waitlist-period control design, adolescents (n = 56) were assessed at baseline and preintervention (within-participant control), immediately following intervention, and at 3, 6, and 12 month follow-ups. Parents were trained in need-supportive behaviors within the broader context of an 8-week multidisciplinary intervention attended jointly with adolescents. Following intervention, significant improvements were demonstrated in adolescent perceptions of parent need support, autonomous motivation, and quality of life, and changes were maintained at the 1-year follow-up. Mediation analyses revealed changes in perceptions of parent need support predicted changes in quality of life indirectly via changes in autonomous motivation. Findings suggest overweight and obese adolescents are likely to benefit from multidisciplinary family-based interventions that aim to train parents in need-supportive behaviors.

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Cody D. Neshteruk, Deborah J. Jones, Asheley Skinner, Alice Ammerman, Deborah F. Tate and Dianne S. Ward

Although fathers have not been engaged in family-based interventions, 17 2 physical activity promotion interventions targeting fathers and their children, Healthy Dads Healthy Kids and Dads and Daughters Exercising and Empowered, found that both father and child activity increased as a result of the

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider

parents may be influential participants within family-based physical activity interventions. Family physical activity participation involves at least one member of the family engaging with the child, who is the focus of the intervention ( 8 ). Family physical activity is a broad term that could include

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Rebecca E. Hasson

increases in their children’s steps taken per day above baseline levels ( Newton et al., 2014 ). BOUNCE (Behavior Opportunities Uniting Nutrition, Counseling, and Exercise), a family-based program, was designed to increase physical fitness and activity in low-income Latinas. Mothers and their daughters (age

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Arja Sääkslahti, Pirkko Numminen, Pia Salo, Juhani Tuominen, Hans Helenius and Ilkka Välimäki

This study focused on the physical activities of 228 children over 3 years. Children were divided into control (n = 112) and intervention (n = 116) groups. Parents of intervention-group children received information and concrete suggestions on how, when, and where to encourage their child’s physical activity. Children in the intervention group spent more time playing outdoors (p = .041) than did children in the control group, and play in the high-activity category increased with age (p < .001), whereas no change occurred in the control group. Our study showed that children’s physical activity could be increased via family-based intervention.

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Lindsay E. Kipp

Two articles that contribute to the literature on psychosocial predictors of youths’ physical activity motivation and behavior were chosen for commentary. The first article by Fenner and colleagues showed that a family-based intervention was effective at increasing overweight adolescents’ self-determined motivation for physical activity and healthy eating and their quality of life. Significant study contributions include a multidisciplinary team of researchers, multiple pre and post intervention assessments, and a longitudinal test of mechanisms of change. Findings contribute to understanding how to provide overweight adolescents with support and choices at a critical developmental period to ultimately foster lifelong healthy behaviors. The second article by Garn and colleagues examined longitudinal relationships between physical self-perceptions and physical activity among children. Important study contributions include use of accelerometers to assess physical activity and tests of bidirectional relationships. The sample of young children aged 8–11 years also contributes to the literature. Results highlight body acceptance as an important mechanism of focus to foster children’s physical activity behavior. Overall, the highlighted studies show that parental support and positive self-perceptions are important to consider in supporting youths’ active lifestyles.

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Family-Based Intervention for Overweight Adolescents Ashley A. Fenner * Erin K. Howie * Leon M. Straker * Martin S. Hagger * 2 2016 38 1 59 68 10.1123/jsep.2015-0100 Physical Activity Is Associated With Greater Visuospatial Cognitive Functioning Regardless of the Level of Cognitive Load in

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Influence on Child Change in Physical Activity During a Family-Based Intervention for Child Weight Gain Prevention Kristen Holm * Holly Wyatt * James Murphy * James Hill * Lorraine Odgen * 7 2012 9 9 5 5 661 661 669 669 10.1123/jpah.9.5.661 Is There a Valid App for That? Validity of a Free

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Heather Van Mullem

highlighted the importance of family, cooperation, and community to the Oaxacan culture. He discussed how basketball supports and reaffirms the value of these aspects. For example, Ramirez Rios wrote that “most teams are family-based, and players on a single team are often siblings, cousins, or other family