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Emily R. Hunt, Shelby E. Baez, Anne D. Olson, Timothy A. Butterfield and Esther Dupont-Versteegden

applying massage to this model is the clinician’s ability to determine whether a patient’s fear-avoidance beliefs decreases from pre- to postmassage. To ascertain this information, it is recommended that the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) 17 be administered. This previously published 17 16

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

postexercise, 8-week postexercise, and 6-month follow-up. The outcomes included NRS, functional disabilities (K-Oswestry disability index [ODI] and K-Roland–Morris disability [RMD]) related to LBP, and fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ) scores using standardized questionnaires completed by the

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Megan N. Houston, Johanna M. Hoch and Matthew C. Hoch

, and fear-avoidance beliefs. Currently, the only way to measure such fears is through patient-reported outcomes. For more than 3 decades, the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) have been the predominant instruments used to measure injury-related fear. The

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Johanna M. Hoch, Cori W. Sinnott, Kendall P. Robinson, William O. Perkins and Jonathan W. Hartman

where 1 represents “no problem” and 5 “severe problem”. 5 The total score ranges from 0–64 where 0 indicates no disablement and 64 indicates severe disablement. 5 The Fear-Avoidance Belief Questionnaire The Fear-Avoidance Belief Questionnaire (FABQ) is a 16-item dimension-specific PROM which was

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Johanna M. Hoch, Megan N. Houston, Shelby E. Baez and Matthew C. Hoch

: ACLR-NPS, ACLR-PS, and Controls. The dependent variables were scores on the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) and the modified Disablement in the Physically Active Scale (mDPA) physical (mDPA-Physical) and mental (mDPA-Mental) summary components. A total of 30 college athletes (21 females

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Megan N. Houston, Johanna M. Hoch, Bonnie L. Van Lunen and Matthew C. Hoch

Context:

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a broad term for the impact of injury or illness on physical, psychological, and social health dimensions. Injury has been associated with decreased HRQOL in athletes. However, the influence of injury history, participation status, time since last injury, and injury severity on HRQOL remains unclear.

Objective:

To compare HRQOL in collegiate athletes based on injury history, participation status, time since last injury, and injury severity and to examine relationships between HRQOL outcomes.

Design:

Cross-sectional.

Setting:

3 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) institutions.

Participants:

467 collegiate athletes (199 males, 268 females; 19.5 ± 1.3 y, 173.9 ± 10.5 cm, 71.9 ± 13.6 kg) were recruited from NCAA Division I (n = 299) and Division III (n = 168) institutions. Athletes were included regardless of participation status, which created a diverse sample of current and past injury histories.

Main Outcome Measures:

During a single session, participants completed an injury history form, the Disablement in the Physically Active Scale (DPA), and the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ). Dependent variables included DPA-Physical Summary Component (DPA-PSC), DPA-Mental Summary Component (DPA-MSC), and FABQ Scores.

Results:

HRQOL differences were detected between groups based on injury history, participation status, and time since last injury. No differences were detected for injury severity. A moderate correlation was identified between the DPA-PSC and FABQ (rs = 0.503, P < .001) and a weak relationship was identified between the DPA-MSC and FABQ (rs = 0.266, P < .001).

Conclusions:

Injury negatively influenced HRQOL in athletes with a current injury. While those individuals participating injured reported better HRQOL than the athletes sidelined due to injury, deficits were still present and should be monitored to ensure a complete recovery. Identifying the patient’s perception of impairment will help facilitate evidencebased treatment and rehabilitation strategies that target the physical and psychosocial aspects of health.

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Mark A. Sutherlin, L. Colby Mangum, Shawn Russell, Susan Saliba, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

) 7 (6, 9) 6 (5, 9) 6 (5, 8)** 9 (7, 9) Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; FABQ-PA, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire physical activity subscale; FABQ-T, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire total score; FABQ-W, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire work subscale; HxLBP, history of low back pain

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4. The Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) was designed to examine fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with what condition? a. low back pain b. neck pain c. post knee injury d. shoulder pain 5. Individuals diagnosed with PFP took approximately 3,413 fewer steps per day compared to the control

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Francesca Genoese, Shelby Baez and Johanna M. Hoch

ntervention/Assessment: Fear-avoidance beliefs and knee function • C omparison: Not applicable • O utcomes: Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire or FABQ, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire for Physical Activity or FABQ-PA, Knee Outcome Survey or KOS, Knee Outcome Survey for Activities of Daily Living or KOS

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Revay O. Corbett, Tyler R. Keith and Jay Hertel

rehabilitation process to help ensure a successful and confident RTP. 13 Questionnaires such as the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire are widely used and accepted within sports medicine for measuring kinesiophobia. 14 – 17 Knowing what level of movement-related fear