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Dr Emma Derbyshire

Purpose of the Paper

Previous research has evaluated the prevalence and aetiology of hyponatraemia in athletes, particularly for ultra endurance events. However, few papers have focused specifically on the incidence and effects of hyponatraemia in female athletes. The aim of this paper was to review and collate previous research that has investigated hyponatraemia in female athletes and explain how excessive retention of free fluid may influence female performance and health status.

Design/Methodology/Approach

The most up-to-date and pertinent studies within the literature have been included and summated in this review.

Findings

The findings from this overview indicate that women participating in endurance events are particularly susceptible to developing hyponatraemia. It is important that women do not have depleted sodium concentrations prior to an athletic event, hypotonic fluid should not been consumed in excess and carbohydrate solutions (4-8g carbohydrate per 100ml fluid) should be consumed when women participate in intense exercise, lasting for longer than 1 hour. It is fundamentally important that up-to-date rehydration guidelines are imparted to active females and the dangers of over-ingesting fluid need to be emphasized within this vulnerable population.

Originality

This paper gives a concise, up-to-date overview on how hyponatraemia can affect female athletic performance and health status.

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Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh, and Nicholas L. Holt

be realized following a traumatic event ( Frazier, Conlon, & Glaser, 2001 ; Linley & Joseph, 2004 ; Meyerson, Grant, Carter, & Kilmer, 2011 ). The current study focused on Canadian female athletes who had been deselected from provincial teams during adolescence. Provincial teams are extremely

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Qingru Xu and Peggy J. Kreshel

athletes as a national group (e.g.,  Xu & Armstrong, 2019 ), leaving how Chinese media frame traditional state athletes and emerging professional athletes largely unaddressed. In the current case study, we explored media portrayals of two elite Chinese female athletes: Ding Ning, a state athlete, and Li Na

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

Female athletes are diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs) and engage in unhealthy weight control behaviors ( Greenleaf, Petrie, Carter, & Reel, 2009 ); their risk often is increased beyond that of girls and women in the general population due to unique pressures in the sport environment (e

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Susan Carter

president of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1988. Barbara was a forerunner in the field of female athlete triad (Triad)/relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). Beyond this, Barbara was also vocal in the arena of women in sport, including increased opportunity and participation, total

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Jennifer Hamer, Ben Desbrow, and Chris Irwin

of the condition ( Logue et al., 2020 ). Additionally, coaches do not adequately perceive the seriousness of the detrimental health effects of long-term LEA on female athlete health ( Lassiter & Watt, 2007 ). This may partly reflect an absence of RED-S education and/or professional development being

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Anis Rostami, Amir Letafatkar, Alli Gokeler, and Mehdi Khaleghi Tazji

authors hypothesized that an EF of attention could improve performance and dynamic postural stability, but meanwhile decrease the GRF and the rate of loading (ROL) in landing after volleyball blocks of female athletes. Methods Study Design It was a pretest and posttest control study, which was done in a

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Nenad Ponorac, Mira Popović, Dea Karaba-Jakovljević, Zorislava Bajić, Aaron Scanlan, Emilija Stojanović, and Dragan Radovanović

and macrophage recycling of iron, further contributing to the high number of athletes commonly diagnosed with ID ( Peeling, 2010 ). As such, female athletes may be at a heightened risk of disrupted iron regulation compared with nonathletes. Despite the general consensus that female athletes possess a

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Janna LaFountaine

As more campuses begin to address the needs of athletes in general, and female athletes in particular, more research assessing current wellness behaviors on the part of female athletes can be used to improve the support available while providing guidance with regard to the kinds of programs and outreach efforts that will make the greatest positive impact on female athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare the wellness behaviors of female athletes and female non-athletes to gain a better appreciation for the factors that affect female athletes and the steps that can be taken to assist athletes in proactively working toward a level of wellness that they can sustain throughout their lives.

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Andrea N. Geurin

) who were sent an invitation, nine athletes responded (eight females and one male). Three athletes responded but did not participate in the study. Although the study was originally intended to focus on both males and females, only female athletes responded to the interview invitation, and therefore the