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Emma Derbyshire

Purpose of the Paper

Previous research has evaluated the prevalence and aetiology of hyponatraemia in athletes, particularly for ultra endurance events. However, few papers have focused specifically on the incidence and effects of hyponatraemia in female athletes. The aim of this paper was to review and collate previous research that has investigated hyponatraemia in female athletes and explain how excessive retention of free fluid may influence female performance and health status.


The most up-to-date and pertinent studies within the literature have been included and summated in this review.


The findings from this overview indicate that women participating in endurance events are particularly susceptible to developing hyponatraemia. It is important that women do not have depleted sodium concentrations prior to an athletic event, hypotonic fluid should not been consumed in excess and carbohydrate solutions (4-8g carbohydrate per 100ml fluid) should be consumed when women participate in intense exercise, lasting for longer than 1 hour. It is fundamentally important that up-to-date rehydration guidelines are imparted to active females and the dangers of over-ingesting fluid need to be emphasized within this vulnerable population.


This paper gives a concise, up-to-date overview on how hyponatraemia can affect female athletic performance and health status.

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Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh and Nicholas L. Holt

be realized following a traumatic event ( Frazier, Conlon, & Glaser, 2001 ; Linley & Joseph, 2004 ; Meyerson, Grant, Carter, & Kilmer, 2011 ). The current study focused on Canadian female athletes who had been deselected from provincial teams during adolescence. Provincial teams are extremely

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Susan Carter

president of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1988. Barbara was a forerunner in the field of female athlete triad (Triad)/relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). Beyond this, Barbara was also vocal in the arena of women in sport, including increased opportunity and participation, total

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Nenad Ponorac, Mira Popović, Dea Karaba-Jakovljević, Zorislava Bajić, Aaron Scanlan, Emilija Stojanović and Dragan Radovanović

and macrophage recycling of iron, further contributing to the high number of athletes commonly diagnosed with ID ( Peeling, 2010 ). As such, female athletes may be at a heightened risk of disrupted iron regulation compared with nonathletes. Despite the general consensus that female athletes possess a

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Janna LaFountaine

As more campuses begin to address the needs of athletes in general, and female athletes in particular, more research assessing current wellness behaviors on the part of female athletes can be used to improve the support available while providing guidance with regard to the kinds of programs and outreach efforts that will make the greatest positive impact on female athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare the wellness behaviors of female athletes and female non-athletes to gain a better appreciation for the factors that affect female athletes and the steps that can be taken to assist athletes in proactively working toward a level of wellness that they can sustain throughout their lives.

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Andrea N. Geurin

) who were sent an invitation, nine athletes responded (eight females and one male). Three athletes responded but did not participate in the study. Although the study was originally intended to focus on both males and females, only female athletes responded to the interview invitation, and therefore the

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June Nutter

Dietary intakes of 24 female athletes in various sports were compared inseason and postseason to those reported by 24 nonathletes during the same time period. Diets were analyzed for energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins A and C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folacin, calcium, and iron. During the study, the athletes' and nonathletes' diets were similar. Their energy intakes were lower than recommended while their iron and calcium intakes were marginal (less than 70% of the recommended dietary allowance). Although few dietary changes were observed, the nonathletes' diets changed more than those of the athletes during the study. Both groups reduced their energy intakes but only the nonathletes' reduction was significant. Initially many subjects were dieting. More subjects reported dieting during the second recording period. These results suggest that the desire to be thin may influence dietary intakes of female athletes more than changes in exercise training.

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Mary Lloyd Ireland, Michael Gaudette and Scott Crook

The high rate of noncontact ACL injuries in female athletes has become a prominent and controversial subject. This article attempts to provide insight into this trend in athletic injuries. Anatomic, physiological, and biomechanical differences are discussed as possible causative factors. Epidemiological data regarding ACL injuries are reviewed, comparing the genders. The discussion also includes anecdotal findings that support current research. This review is intended to raise awareness of the problem and promote screening for risk factors and implementation of more thorough and aggressive preventive programs.

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Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

Clinical Scenario The high prevalence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in adolescent female athletes is thought to originate from hormonal, neuromuscular, and structural differences between sexes. 1 Although hormonal and structural factors are nonmodifiable, neuromuscular

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Michelle T. Helstein

Community is a powerful construct in the discourses of both feminism and sport, and so it is not surprising that it is a preeminent virtue in attempts to speak about, to, or for female athletes. In its popular conceptions, community is desired and celebrated as individuals coming together based on a solidarity, harmony, or agreement around an essence. In sport scholarship, the specific meanings, implications, contradictions, and effects that govern this particular understanding of community have remained unexplored. Thus, the aim of this article is to use the work of poststructural theorist Jacques Derrida to deconstruct this notion of community in an attempt to open up the concept of community to new theorizations and political uses. It will involve the introduction of Giorgio Agamben’s concept of the Whatever singularity, or in this case the Whatever athlete and its place in new possibilities for community in feminist sport contexts.