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Katie Sullivan Barak, Chelsea A. Kaunert, Vikki Krane, and Sally R. Ross

minimal coverage of women’s sport; highlighting female athletes’ appearance, femininity, and heterosexuality; consistently lower production quality of women’s sport coverage; and uninspired and lackluster coverage of women’s sport ( Fink, 2015 ; Musto et al., 2017 ). Perhaps most important to consider is

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Elizabeth Hollenczer, Angelica Esposito, and Erin M. Moore

Clinical Scenario Female Athlete Triad (Triad) is defined as interconnected symptoms including low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, menstrual dysfunction ranging from oligomenorrhea to amenorrhea, and compromised bone mineral density (BMD). 1 , 2 This syndrome is

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Frederick J. Henderson, Wakana Sasakabe, Kuwano Satoshi, Norihiro Shima, and Yohei Shimokochi

to perform as before and at a higher risk of reinjury. 2 , 8 Quadriceps dysfunction is problematic especially in female athletes because (1) the rate of ACL injuries among female athletes is up to nearly 4 times higher than among male athletes in college sports 10 and (2) female athletes are

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Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh, and Nicholas L. Holt

be realized following a traumatic event ( Frazier, Conlon, & Glaser, 2001 ; Linley & Joseph, 2004 ; Meyerson, Grant, Carter, & Kilmer, 2011 ). The current study focused on Canadian female athletes who had been deselected from provincial teams during adolescence. Provincial teams are extremely

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Dr Emma Derbyshire

Purpose of the Paper

Previous research has evaluated the prevalence and aetiology of hyponatraemia in athletes, particularly for ultra endurance events. However, few papers have focused specifically on the incidence and effects of hyponatraemia in female athletes. The aim of this paper was to review and collate previous research that has investigated hyponatraemia in female athletes and explain how excessive retention of free fluid may influence female performance and health status.


The most up-to-date and pertinent studies within the literature have been included and summated in this review.


The findings from this overview indicate that women participating in endurance events are particularly susceptible to developing hyponatraemia. It is important that women do not have depleted sodium concentrations prior to an athletic event, hypotonic fluid should not been consumed in excess and carbohydrate solutions (4-8g carbohydrate per 100ml fluid) should be consumed when women participate in intense exercise, lasting for longer than 1 hour. It is fundamentally important that up-to-date rehydration guidelines are imparted to active females and the dangers of over-ingesting fluid need to be emphasized within this vulnerable population.


This paper gives a concise, up-to-date overview on how hyponatraemia can affect female athletic performance and health status.

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Anis Rostami, Amir Letafatkar, Alli Gokeler, and Mehdi Khaleghi Tazji

authors hypothesized that an EF of attention could improve performance and dynamic postural stability, but meanwhile decrease the GRF and the rate of loading (ROL) in landing after volleyball blocks of female athletes. Methods Study Design It was a pretest and posttest control study, which was done in a

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Jyoti Gosai, Sophia Jowett, and Daniel J.A. Rhind

of this multistudy paper is to explore from the coaches’ perspective the nuances of gender in coaching while uncovering the effects of gender bias is present in (female) athletes’ development and achievement. While the number of females participating in sport has increased over the years, the number

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Qingru Xu and Peggy J. Kreshel

athletes as a national group (e.g.,  Xu & Armstrong, 2019 ), leaving how Chinese media frame traditional state athletes and emerging professional athletes largely unaddressed. In the current case study, we explored media portrayals of two elite Chinese female athletes: Ding Ning, a state athlete, and Li Na

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Becky Heinert, Drew Rutherford, and Thomas W. Kernozek

knees display early degenerative arthritis. 6 , 7 There is considerable interest in the identification of female athletes at greater risk for ACL injury and in the utilization of preventative programs. Despite ACL injury etiology considered being multifactorial, gender, landing with a stiffened pattern

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

Female athletes are diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs) and engage in unhealthy weight control behaviors ( Greenleaf, Petrie, Carter, & Reel, 2009 ); their risk often is increased beyond that of girls and women in the general population due to unique pressures in the sport environment (e