Sexual harassment is a sensitive and pervasive topic in higher education. Programs and institutions have the responsibility to protect the students from sexual harassment under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, 2011). While much attention has been focused toward on-campus interactions (i.e., professor/student, student/student), many students participate in off-campus fieldwork and internships associated with coursework, where the students are still protected under Title IX. The purpose of this discussion is to define sexual harassment, summarize research regarding sexual harassment in a fieldwork setting, consider how sexual harassment affects students, and identify resources to help programs identify and respond to sexual harassment.
Sexual Harassment and Internships: How Do We Protect Our Students and Program?
Anne C. Russ, Dani M. Moffit, and Jamie L. Mansell
Reflexive Accounts of a Postcolonial Ethnographer: Understanding Insider-Outsider Status
entrance into a new physical and cultural setting; it is an entry into the social relations and complex power dynamics involved in human interaction and action. Ethnographic fieldwork becomes even further complicated when the researcher—who is (often) privileged by their class, gender, race, 1 or place of
Re-Assembling Sport for Development and Peace Through Actor Network Theory: Insights from Kingston, Jamaica
Simon C. Darnell, Richard Giulianotti, P. David Howe, and Holly Collison
concluded in March of 2017. All four authors contributed to the study and each served as research lead in one of the five countries (Author 4 has led on two). In addition to the in-country fieldwork, interviews were conducted with leading international funders, policy makers and advocates of SDP; supporting
Wrestling With Jello: “Good Dads” and the Reproduction of Male Dominance in Children’s Baseball
Travers and Jennifer Berdahl
” ( 2014 , p. 255). Our focus in this article is on the reproduction of male dominance among coaches in children’s baseball, a feature which likely plays a significant role in lower retention rates for girls in the sport. 1 This article is based on the autoethnographic fieldwork of Travers, a White
“Out of the Black, Into the Big Blue” on a Single Breath: Sport Event Value Co-Creation as Symbolic World-Making
Vassilios Ziakas, Christine Lundberg, and Giorgos Sakkas
guests, transportation parties, hotels and restaurants, medical services, travel agents, sponsors, competition judges, equipment providers, and media. Fieldwork was conducted during the event in 2018, including focus groups, semi-structured interviews, and observation. The real challenge in understanding
Building and Communicating Collective Efficacy: A Season-Long In-Depth Study of an Elite Sport Team
Lars Tore Ronglan
The purpose of this study was to examine the production and regaining of collective efficacy within an elite sport team during a season. The fieldwork was possible because the author was an assistant coach on a women’s handball team participating in the World Championships and the Olympics. Acting as a participant observer during 1 year, the author observed efficacy-building processes from within the team. The fieldwork was supplemented by 17 qualitative interviews after the season. The study showed that production of collective efficacy was an interpersonal process, brought about by perceptions of previous performances, interpretations of team history, preparations for the upcoming contest, common rituals, and persuasive actions. When the team was confronted with failures, however, team-efficacy beliefs were vulnerable and needed constant reinforcement.
Gender, Sport, and the Construction of Community: A Case Study from Women’s Ice Hockey
This paper examines the construction of community on a women’s ice hockey team. The analysis is based on fieldwork and interviews with an elite-level team. Within an organizational context in which men play central roles in the management of team affairs and the circle of team supporters, the dressing room provides a space where players come together as hockey players and as women. The analysis suggests that the construction of community on a woman’s hockey team is grounded in members’ shared identity as hockey players and their commitment to the sport. This common focus and interest unite women from diverse backgrounds and social locations.
Participant Observation and Research into Football Hooliganism: Reflections on the Problems of Entrée and Everyday Risks
This paper discusses the author’s fieldwork experiences while initiating and undertaking substantive participant observation research with two rival groups of Scottish football hooligans (“football casuals”). Key problems examined are those that emerge from attempted entrée into the hooligan subcultures and the everyday risks of comparative research with violent fans. The author provides regular illustrations to highlight how dangers such as the researcher’s personal characteristics, lack of guiding sociological literature, and interaction with police officers can threaten the urban ethnographic project. The resultant ambivalence of some research subjects toward the author is interpreted as one reason for minimizing the prospect of his “going native.”
Sticking Out in the Field: No, Ma’am, I Do Not Work for the Governor
Samuel B. Bernstein and Michael T. Friedman
The purpose of this paper is to further existing research on fieldwork practices and experiences by focusing on issues of reflexivity (Pillow, 2003) and research ethics (Guillemin & Gillam, 2004) within “openly ideological research” (Lather, 1986) that actively renounces the objective observer in favor of the praxis-driven embodied research actor (Giardina & Newman, 2011a). This paper examines incidents from our fieldwork on the Baltimore Grand Prix and the city’s 2011 mayoral election as, at a public forum, we were accused, not only of malicious intent but also of nefarious origin. As a result, this paper focuses upon the many dilemmas—moral, ethical, personal—inherent in ethnographic research (Springwood & King, 2001), with a deliberate focus upon the researcher’s (in)ability to “blend in” to a research setting (Woodward, 2008). More specifically this paper examines research in public spaces conducted with the aim of stimulating potentially divisive discourse. Through our experiences, we attempt to reveal the complex layers of power and space, created by and through our presence as academic researchers.
A Methodological Model for Collecting High-Quality Data on Physical Activity in Developing Settings—The Experience of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study
Felipe Fossati Reichert, Ana Maria Batista Menezes, Jonathan Charles Kingdom Wells, Ulf Ekelund, Fabiane Machado Rodrigues, and Pedro Curi Hallal
Prospective studies on physical activity (PA), diet, and body composition in adolescents are lacking, particularly outside high-income countries.
To describe the methods used to assess these variables in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort and to discuss the fieldwork challenges faced and alternatives to overcome them.
In 2006–07 a subsample of the 1993 Pelotas cohort was revisited. PA was estimated using questionnaires, a combined heart-rate and motion sensor (Acti-Heart), and the ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer. Diet was investigated by questionnaire. Total body water was determined by stable isotopes. Thirty individuals had their total energy expenditure assessed by doubly labeled water. All data were collected at participants’ home.
The logistics of the fieldwork and the difficulties in undertaking the study and alternatives to overcome them are presented. Preliminary analyses show that 511 individuals were traced (response rate = 90.0%). Compliance of both adolescents and their families for the motion sensors and body-composition measurements was excellent.
The authors conclude that it is feasible to carry out high-quality studies on PA in developing countries. They hope the article will be useful to other researchers interested in carrying out similar studies.