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Brenda Carolina Nájera Chávez, Stefan Mark Rueckriegel, Roland Burghardt, and Pablo Hernáiz Driever

Drawing and handwriting are important fine motor skills acquired during childhood and adolescence. The process of writing can be analyzed from different perspectives ( Berninger & Chanquoy, 2012 ). In this study, the result of developing handwriting skills is seen as a hand motor activity producing

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Lena Hübner, Solveig Vieluf, Ben Godde, and Claudia Voelcker-Rehage

older adults (OA) to continuously learn new fine motor skills and adapt skills to unknown situations. Although OA show lower fine motor control performance than young adults (YA; Diermayr, McIsaac, & Gordon, 2011 ), they are able to improve their fine motor skills considerably with practice ( Lazarus

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Christiane Lange-Küttner and Ridhi Kochhar

The current study investigates the progression from allocating one object to one place toward allocating several Gestalt-matched objects to a common region ( Lange-Küttner, 2006 ), in typically developing children and those with special needs, controlling for fine motor skills. Gestalt principles

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Danilo Bondi, Sergio Di Sano, Vittore Verratti, Giampiero Neri, Tiziana Aureli, and Tiziana Pietrangelo

development, motor planning, sustained attention, the fine motor control, and awareness of the fingers ( Feder & Majnemer, 2007 ). The skills acquired in preschool and then consolidated during the first years of primary school ensure that a child proactively controls the movement during manual writing

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Richard Mulholland Jr. and Alexander W. McNeill

This study compared the heart rate responses of two profoundly retarded, multiply handicapped children during the performance of closed-skill fine motor activities and open-skill gross motor activities. The fine motor skills were typical classroom activities, and the gross motor skills were a part of each child’s special physical education programming. Heart rates were recorded for 20-sec intervals from the onset of the performance of each skill until the task objective was obtained. Based upon the results of this study, we concluded that the closed-skill fine motor classroom activities induce physiological stress at levels never before suspected. It is suggested that the dramatic heart rate responses may result from a hyposensitive condition of the spindle afferents, the gamma efferents, and the kinesthetic joint receptors, or from a breakdown in the retrieval of the stored motor program resulting in inappropriate spatial and temporal summation. As a result of the heart rate responses, it is suggested that classroom learning programs may need to be redesigned to accommodate for fatigue in this type of child.

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Janet L. Hauck, Isabella T. Felzer-Kim, and Kathryn L. Gwizdala

without DS in a longitudinal design. Analysis of this data allows us to address the following research questions: 1. Are PA, gross motor skills, and fine motor skills over time different between infants with and without DS, and at which time points do differences occur? 2. In infants with DS, how do PA

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Charline Madelaine, Nicolas Benguigui, and Michèle Molina

-term children to study the effects of preterm birth on gross and fine motor development. Gross motor development involves whole-body movement of arms, legs, and torso, whereas fine motor development (or dexterity) refers to eye–hand coordination. We will then address the issue of distribution of borderline to

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Beatriz H. Thames and Stacey L. Gorniak

fingertip frictional values 9 , 13 and tactile function 10 , 20 are known to decline due to natural processes of aging. These changes in fingertip skin properties have been previously associated with production of excessive hand/finger forces and impaired modulation of such forces, particularly in fine

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Ebrahim Norouzi, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Mohammad Vaezmosavi, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, and Serge Brand

particularly true for sports such as shooting, archery, and darts, in which higher motor learning and excellent fine motor control are crucial to success and the accuracy of performance ( Rienhoff, Baker, Fischer, Strauss, & Schorer, 2012 ; Vickers, Rodrigues, & Edworthy, 2000 ). In the present study, we