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Udi Carmi and Orr Levental

During its first decade, Israel sent delegations to three Olympic Games: Helsinki (1952), Melbourne (1956) and Rome (1960). 1 No one believed these delegations would attain any outstanding competitive results. Indeed, Israel’s participation in these Olympic Games was motivated more by political

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Matthew Strutner, Charles Parrish and John Nauright

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Cathryn L. Claussen and Lori K. Miller

This article describes developments in the American gambling industry during the decade of the 1990s in light of predictions made in the 1980s. Societal and legal trends in the 1990s are discussed in terms of their relevance for the future of the gambling industry in the first decade of the 21st century. Particular attention is addressed to sports gambling and Internet sports gambling as growth areas in the gambling industry.

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Greg Raid and Geoffrey D. Broadhead

This paper documents the contents and development of APAQ over its first decade of publishing. It has two major sections. The first is an analysis of the topics and authorship of APAQ articles. For example, it was found that articles on mental retardation have been published more frequently than articles on traditional disability categories, although articles that are not disability specific have been most common. Not surprisingly, perhaps, a large percentage of authors are from the U.S. and Canada. The second section of the paper outlines changes in policy and function associated with These include modifications to editorial board membership, upgrading of the manuscript review process, and growing internationalism.

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David L. Porretta and Claudine Sherrill

This paper reports both the contents and key developmental activities of Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly over its second decade of publication (1994-2003). The first section describes the contents of Volumes 11-20 relative to the number of articles by journal section, science area, disability category, and country. These data are compared to selected data reported for the journal’s first decade (1984-1993) of publication by Reid and Broadhead (1995). The second section describes developmental activities pertaining to enhancing the journal’s international quality through selected writings, impact factor recognition, editorial board membership, and guest reviewer database development.

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David R. Bassett, Dinesh John, Scott A. Conger, Eugene C. Fitzhugh and Dawn P. Coe


Increases in childhood and adolescent obesity are a growing concern in the United States (U.S.), and in most countries throughout the world. Declines in physical activity are often postulated to have contributed to the rise in obesity rates during the past 40 years.


We searched for studies of trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviors of U.S. youth, using nontraditional data sources. Literature searches were conducted for active commuting, physical education, high-school sports, and outdoor play. In addition, trends in sedentary behaviors were examined.


Data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) and other national surveys, as well as longitudinal studies in the transportation, education, electronic media, and recreation sectors showed evidence of changes in several indicators. Active commuting, high school physical education, and outdoor play (in 3- to 12-year-olds) declined over time, while sports participation in high school girls increased from 1971 to 2012. In addition, electronic entertainment and computer use increased during the first decade of the 21st century.


Technological and societal changes have impacted the types of physical activities performed by U.S. youth. These data are helpful in understanding the factors associated with the rise in obesity, and in proposing potential solutions.

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Paul M. Pedersen

photo above) report on misconduct. Thanks to the scholars who have contributed to this issue and to those who made contributions over IJSC’ s first decade. A special note of appreciation to the outstanding professionals at Human Kinetics—in particular IJSC’ s managing editor, Julia Glahn—as well as

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Anders Raustorp and Andreas Fröberg

Finland 27 and The Netherlands. 28 The significant decrease in mean steps per day observed during early adolescence among males appears, according to our data, to level out during later adolescence and the first decade of adulthood. Compared with males, mean steps per day decreased to a lesser extent

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Abbey C. Thomas, Janet E. Simon, Rachel Evans, Michael J. Turner, Luzita I. Vela and Phillip A. Gribble

. These authors further reported that 36% of individuals undergoing ACL reconstruction developed knee OA in the first decade after injury and that this number increases to nearly 50% during the second decade after injury. 14 For injuries treated nonoperatively, it is not until the third decade after

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Pamela H. Kulinna, Charles B. Corbin and Hyeonho Yu

of CPE seem especially relevant given research indicating decreases in required high school physical education, active commuting, and outdoor play as well as increases in electronic entertainment and computer use among youth during the first decade of the 21st century. 28 Findings from PAT1 in 1998