Whitney Williams and Noelle M. Selkow
Flexibility is important in both the prevention and the rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries. 1 Range of motion (ROM) is a measurement of flexibility determined by joint structure, congruency, capsuloligamentous structures, and muscles. Reduced joint ROM may result from a plethora of factors
Bethany L. Anderson, Rod A. Harter, and James L. Farnsworth II
improve performance through increasing arterial dilation, 1 , 2 reducing fascial restrictions, 6 , 7 and enhancing muscle elasticity and neurological feedback. 2 In efforts to simultaneously improve flexibility and athletic performance, researchers have studied foam rolling combined with static
Nathan F. Johnson, Chloe Hutchinson, Kaitlyn Hargett, Kyle Kosik, and Phillip Gribble
musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and/or cardiopulmonary systems, and general physical inactivity. 3 Limitations in balance and muscular strength also contribute to falls in older adults. 4 Diminished flexibility, a clinical term used to describe the extensibility of contractile and noncontractile tissues
Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L. McGrath, Neal Grandgenett, and Adam B. Rosen
flexibility, leg length discrepancy, gender, and strength differences between agonist and antagonist muscles of the lower limb. 9 However, considering the linked system of the lower limb, further alignment measures may be necessary to understand contributing factors to PT. In addition, these studies fail to
William A. Sands, Jeni R. McNeal, Michael H. Stone, G. Gregory Haff, and Ann M. Kinser
Serious stretching in many sports involves discomfort and is often an early ceiling on improvements.
To continue investigation of the use of vibration to enhance acute range of motion while assessing the influence of vibration and stretching on pressure-to-pain threshold perception.
Ten young male gymnasts were assessed for split range of motion. One side split was randomly assigned as the experimental condition, and the other side split was assigned as the control. Both side splits were performed on a vibration device; the experimental condition had the device turned on and the control condition was performed with the device turned off. In addition, the athletes were assessed for pressure-to-pain transition using an algometer on the biceps femoris (stretched muscle) and vastus lateralis (nonstretched muscle) bilaterally.
Pre-post difference scores between the vibrated split (most improved) and the nonvibrated split were statistically different (P = .001, 95% confidence interval of the difference 2.3 to 5.8 cm). Following the stretching protocol, the force values for the pressure-to-pain threshold comparing the vibrated and nonvibrated biceps femoris muscle were not statistically different. The nonstretched vastus lateralis muscle also showed no statistical difference in pressure-to-pain threshold between the vibration and nonvibration conditions.
This study showed that vibration improved split range of motion over stretching alone, but did not show a difference in pressure-to-pain perception in either the stretched or nonstretched muscles.
Matthew Jenkins, Elaine A. Hargreaves, and Ken Hodge
mindfulness-based construct of psychological flexibility ( Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 2011 ) has been proposed as one such factor ( Butryn, Arigo, Raggio, Kaufman, Kerrigan, & Forman, 2015 ). Psychological flexibility is defined as “the ability to contact the present moment more fully as a conscious human
Gemma V. Espí-López, Pilar Serra-Añó, David Cobo-Pascual, Manuel Zarzoso, Luis Suso-Martí, Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, and Marta Inglés
use of neuromuscular training. 8 – 10 Aside from therapeutic exercise, other strategies have been suggested to improve knee stability and flexibility, and reduce the injury rate. Other relevant alternatives include the use of elastic taping. Kinesio Taping (KT) is a very widely used technique and one
Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai, and Masahiro Iwata
to the hamstring muscles usually involve rapid acceleration and fast running. The eccentric contraction of the hamstrings to decelerate knee extension during the late swing phase of running activities is associated with such injuries. 2 , 3 Lack of hamstring flexibility may also result in major
Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman, and Öznur Tunca Yilmaz
, respiratory failure, and a decrease in life span ( 29 ). Flexibility is defined as a joint’s range of motion and can be limited by muscles, ligaments, tendons, and/or bone structures. It is influenced by various factors, such as hereditary differences in joint structures, the elasticity of connective tissues