Due to the burgeoning aging population, there is an increased focus on strategies to improve older adults’ health and well-being ( Rechel et al., 2013 ). Increased prevalence of chronic diseases and age-related physical decline often results in high levels of frailty among older adults
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, and Janice L. Thompson
M. Papiol, M. Serra-Prat, J. Vico, N. Jerez, N. Salvador, M. Garcia, M. Camps, X. Alpiste, and J. López
To determine the prevalence of five physical frailty phenotype components and to assess the relationship between them and other clinical factors.
A population-based cross-sectional study was performed. Subjects 75 years and older were randomly selected from primary care databases (with sampling stratified by gender). Physical frailty phenotypes were assessed using Fried’s criteria. Sociodemographic data, comorbidities, nutritional status, and functional capacity were assessed.
126 subjects were recruited (47% women). Prevalence rates were poor muscle strength: 50%; low physical activity: 29%; slow gait: 28%; exhaustion: 27%; and weight loss: 5%. Prefrailty and frailty prevalence rates were 35.7% and 29.4%, respectively. Poor muscle strength and low physical activity showed a close relationship and concordance (kappa = 0.92). Most frailty components were associated with outdoor activity, hours walked daily, and certain comorbidities.
Poor muscle strength was the most prevalent frailty component and was closely associated with physical activity, suggesting that training programs may revert or prevent the frailty process.
Margaret K. Danilovich, David E. Conroy, and T. George Hornby
Frailty, a syndrome of increased vulnerability resulting in a decline in physiological reserve and function, is a key health issue affecting older adults ( Fried et al., 2001 ). Using the phenotypic frailty criteria, individuals are classified as frail upon meeting three of five criteria, including
Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira, and Paulo C. B. Bento
Frailty is a clinical syndrome that puts people at a state of vulnerability to poor restoration of homeostasis after a stressor event ( Fried et al., 2001 ). It is a consequence of cumulative decline in many age-related physiological systems ( Clegg, Young, Iliffe, Rikkert, & Rockwood, 2013
Pedro Lopez, Mikel Izquierdo, Regis Radaelli, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rafael Grazioli, Ronei Silveira Pinto, and Eduardo Lusa Cadore
The frailty syndrome affects up to 38% of the older population, leading to health impairments and consequences in social life ( Fried et al., 2001 ). Frailty is a complex interaction between physical variables, and there are different definitions in the literature ( Abellan Van Kan et al., 2008
Bridgitte Swales, Gemma C. Ryde, and Anna C. Whittaker
Frailty is a clinically significant multidimensional syndrome associated with adverse outcomes such as falls, hospitalization, disability, and mortality among older adults ( Clegg, Young, Iliffe, Rikkert, & Rockwood, 2013 ; Fried et al., 2001 ; Xue, 2011 ). It is characterized by diminished
Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood, and Olga Theou
Researchers have examined the connection between different intensities of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frailty ( Kehler et al., 2018 ). What has received less attention is that increasing time spent in one type of activity inherently means decreasing time spent in another type of
Wenjing Zhao, Shigekazu Ukawa, Sachiko Sasaki, Emiko Okada, Tomoko Kishi, Kastunori Kondo, and Akiko Tamakoshi
Frailty, as a complex geriatric syndrome, is a consequence of impairment and loss of physiological reserve in multiple systems, including the nervous system, endocrine system, immune system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and skeletal muscle ( Angulo et al., 2020 ). Frailty is
Tianma Xu, Ting-Ting Yeh, Kidman Yi Jer Ng, Nicole Wen Ru Wong, and Verna Sock Juen Koh
The population aged 65 years and older is growing faster than all other age groups worldwide, and the prevalence of frailty is likely to rise. The prevalence of frailty in community-dwelling older adults is approximately 3.5%–27% in the Asia-Pacific region and above 50% in underdeveloped countries
Xiaohong Zhang, Cees Peter van der Schans, Yanhui Liu, Wilhelmus Petrus Krijnen, and Johannes Simon Maria Hobbelen
proportion of the population aged over 60 years will nearly double to 22% of total world population between 2015 and 2050. With the acceleration of the aging population, frailty is becoming an issue of medical and societal importance. Frailty is a multidimensional concept generally described by the loss of