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Darryn S. Willoughby, Mark Roozen, and Randall Barnes

This study attempted to determine the effects of 12-week low- and high-intensity aerobic exercise programs on functional capacity and cardiovascular efficiency of elderly post-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. Time (Timemax). estimated maximum VO2 (VO2max), heart rate (HRmax), systolic blood pressure(SBPmax), estimated mean arterial blood pressure (MABPmax), and rate × pressure product (RPPmax) were assessed during graded exercise tests before and after 12 weeks of low-intensity (65% HRmax) and high-intensity (85% HRmax) exercise. Subjects (n = 92) were placed in either a low-intensity (LIEX), high-intensity (HIEX), or nonexercising control group (CON). LIEX and HIEX showed increases from pre- to postprogram for Timemax and VO2max. LIEX and HIEX showed decreases for SBPmax, MABPmax, and RPPmax. HIEX and LIEX produced greater improvements than CON for these four variables, while HIEX was superior to LIEX. It was concluded that 12 weeks of low- and high-intensity aerobic exercise can increase functional capacity and cardiovascular efficiency in elderly post-CABG patients; however, high-intensity exercise may produce greater improvements than low-intensity exercise.

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Cuma Uz, Ebru Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Hamid Amini, Fatma B. Uz, Ozlem Erol, Dilek Unalan, Fatma Y. Korkmaz, and Mohsen Akbarpour

COVID-19 illness, daily physical activity and exercise training may increase immune surveillance against infectious pathogens including viruses. 6 , 7 In addition, physical activity and exercise training improve functional capacity. 8 Poor functional capacity is associated with more hospitalizations

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

PA is an important nonpharmacological tool recommended for managing disease symptoms and improving functional capacity in patients with KOA. 5 Skeletal muscle plays an important role in the performance of daily living physical activities. 5 However, with aging or disuse, skeletal muscle decreases

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Bruna M.A. Saraiva, Geferson S. Araujo, Evandro F. Sperandio, Alberto O. Gotfryd, Victor Z. Dourado, and Milena C. Vidotto

). Spine deformity influences the respiratory mechanics during exercise and reduces functional capacity ( 9 , 22 ). However, it is important to investigate how the curve magnitude, classified by the Cobb method ( 1 ), influences these variables. Individuals with AIS have lower exercise tolerance in

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Márcio Beck Schemes, Simone de Azevedo Bach, Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Machado, Rodrigo Rabuski Neske, Cláudia Dornelles Schneider, and Ronei Silveira Pinto

The natural aging process is related to muscle mass and muscle strength/power decreases ( Barbat-Artigas et al., 2012 ; Goodpaster et al., 2006 ; Heymsfield et al., 2015 ), leading to a reduction in functional capacity in older adults ( Fragala et al., 2014 ). However, age-related decreases in

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Luana Siqueira Andrade, Stephanie Santana Pinto, Mariana Ribeiro Silva, Paula Carolini Campelo, Samara Nickel Rodrigues, Mariana Borba Gomes, Vitor Lima Krüger, Graciele Ferreira de Ferreira, and Cristine Lima Alberton

for maintaining the functional capacity, as well as it induces benefits in the cognitive capacity and QoL in this population. 5 Aquatic exercises are recommended for the older population because this environment provides lower impact 7 and hemodynamic stress 8 compared with dry land. The influence

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Pavlos Angelopoulos, Konstantinos Mylonas, Elias Tsepis, Evdokia Billis, Nikolaos Vaitsis, and Konstantinos Fousekis

professional) utilizing a structured evaluation of longer duration. Future research should also evaluate the long-term effects of these therapeutic interventions on the shoulder girdle’s functional capacity in overhead athletes to substantiate their clinical value. Conclusions In conclusion, the findings from

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Ragab K. Elnaggar, Mohammed A. Shendy, and Mahmoud S. Elfakharany

evaluate the relative importance of IAT on serum inflammatory mediators, cardiorespiratory indices, and functional capacity in a group of obese children with bronchial asthma by contrasting the functional data before and after 8 weeks of IAT. We hypothesized that IAT in addition to the current respiratory

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Thaís Reichert, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Alexandre Konig Garcia Prado, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Nicole Monticelli Simmer, Andressa Pellegrini Meinerz, Bruna Machado Barroso, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Ana Carolina Kanitz, and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

, studies have demonstrated that the accomplishment of simple sets promotes the same strength gain as that with multiple sets, 23 , 24 but in a shorter session. It seems to be the consensus that WRT promotes an increase in muscle strength and functional capacity in older women. 16 , 17 , 20 , 21 However

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Marisete P. Safons, Milene S.N. de Lima, Karina F.L. Gonçalves, Gerson A. de Souza Junior, Tito L.C. Barreto, Anderson José S. Oliveira, Alexandre L.A. Ribeiro, Clarissa C. dos Santos Couto Paz, Paulo Gentil, Martim Bottaro, and Wagner R. Martins

Older adults experience age-related declines in skeletal muscle strength and functional capacity ( Baker et al., 2020 ). Neural and morphological factors, as well as their interaction, are responsible for age-related declines ( Aagaard, Suetta, Caserotti, Magnusson, & Kjær, 2010 ). In addition