, McGrane, Powell, & O’Brien, 2019 ). Adolescents who have not mastered fundamental movement skills (FMS) are noticeably less likely to engage in PA or sports consequently ( Cohen, Morgan, Plotnikoff, Barnett, & Lubans, 2015 ; Stodden et al., 2008 ). Fundamental movement skills are the building blocks for
Cathal Óg O’Sullivan, Melissa Parker, Tom Comyns, and Annmarie Ralph
Megan A. Kirk and Ryan E. Rhodes
Preschoolers with developmental delay (DD) are at risk for poor fundamental movement skills (FMS), but a paucity of early FMS interventions exist. The purpose of this review was to critically appraise the existing interventions to establish direction for future trials targeting preschoolers with DD. A total of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria. Major findings were summarized based on common subtopics of overall intervention effect, locomotor skill outcomes, object-control outcomes, and gender differences. Trials ranged from 8 to 24 weeks and offered 540–1700 min of instruction. The majority of trials (n = 9) significantly improved FMS of preschoolers with DD, with a large intervention effect (η2 = 0.57–0.85). This review supports the utility of interventions to improve FMS of preschoolers with DD. Future researchers are encouraged to include more robust designs, a theoretical framework, and involvement of parents and teachers in the delivery of the intervention.
Mark David Williams, Andrew M. Hammond, and Jason Moran
Development models of youth sports are often criticized due to a lack of emphasis on generalized fundamental movement skills (FMS; Bridge & Toms, 2013 ; DiStefano et al., 2017 ; Liefeith et al., 2018 ). Furthermore, FMS are considered foundational for the development of sports-specific skills
Phillip J. Hill, Melitta A. McNarry, Leanne Lester, Lawrence Foweather, Lynne M. Boddy, Stuart J. Fairclough, and Kelly A. Mackintosh
Fundamental movement skills (FMS), which include object control and locomotor skills, are referred to as foundational “building-block movements” and are proposed to provide a crucial underpinning to the development of more complex movement patterns ( Gallahue et al., 2012 ). Object control skills
Vaimanino Rogers, Lisa M. Barnett, and Natalie Lander
Regular participation levels in physical activity (PA) are low among the adolescent population globally, particularly among adolescent girls ( Hallal et al., 2012 ). Fundamental movement skill (FMS) mastery is an important correlate of PA behavior ( Babic et al., 2014 ; Holfelder & Schott, 2014
Lisa E. Bolger, Linda A. Bolger, Cian O’ Neill, Edward Coughlan, Wesley O’Brien, Seán Lacey, and Con Burns
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are basic observable patterns of movement; these include running, jumping, hopping, throwing, catching, and striking, among others ( Gallahue & Ozmun, 2006 ). FMS are regarded as the building blocks upon which more complex, sport specific movements are based, and
Bronagh McGrane, Danielle Powell, Sarahjane Belton, and Johann Issartel
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are basic skills that are used in everyday life, and as such the mastery of these skills among children and adolescents is an important contributor to future participation in sports and physical activity (PA; Williams et al., 2008 ). Children should achieve FMS
Lisa M. Barnett, David Stodden, Kristen E. Cohen, Jordan J. Smith, David Revalds Lubans, Matthieu Lenoir, Susanna Iivonen, Andrew D. Miller, Arto Laukkanen, Dean Dudley, Natalie J. Lander, Helen Brown, and Philip J. Morgan
Recent international conference presentations have critiqued the promotion of fundamental movement skills (FMS) as a primary pedagogical focus. Presenters have called for a debate about the importance of, and rationale for teaching FMS, and this letter is a response to that call. The authors of this letter are academics who actively engage in FMS research.
We have answered a series of contentions about the promotion of FMS using the peer reviewed literature to support our perspective.
We define what we mean by FMS, discuss the context of what skills can be considered fundamental, discuss how the development of these skills is related to broader developmental health contexts, and recommend the use of different pedagogical approaches when teaching FMS.
We conclude the promotion of FMS is an important focus in Physical Education (PE) and sport and provide future research questions for investigation.
Lisa E. Bolger, Linda A. Bolger, Cian O’Neill, Edward Coughlan, Wesley O’Brien, Seán Lacey, and Con Burns
Children’s ability to perform basic observable patterns of movement, known as fundamental movement skills (FMS) ( Gallahue, Ozmun, & Goodway, 2012 ), is lower than desired ( Bardid et al., 2016 ; Bolger et al., 2018 ; Khodaverdi & Bahram, 2015 ; Mitchell et al., 2013 ; Sepessato, Gabbard
Christina Duff, Johann Issartel, Wesley O’ Brien, and Sarahjane Belton
. Fundamental movement skills (FMS), movement patterns involving various body parts that are the precursor to more complex and sport-specific skills, are considered to be the building blocks for PA throughout the lifespan ( Clark & Metcalfe, 2002 ). While proficiency in FMS is positively associated with PA