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Stine Nylandsted Jensen, Andreas Ivarsson, Johan Fallby and Anne-Marie Elbe

Gambling, the activity of betting on an uncertain outcome for something of value in return (e.g., money), is a widespread phenomenon in sport ( Forrest & Simmons, 2003 ). Gambling can stimulate the brain’s reward system much like drugs or alcohol and can lead to addiction. Compulsive gambling, also

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Brendan Dwyer, Joris Drayer and Stephen L. Shapiro

Traditional, season-long fantasy sports (TFSs) have been around for nearly 60 years, and although gambling associations have existed since the beginning, there is ample evidence to suggest the activity does not meet the criteria for gambling (cf., Bernard & Eade, 2005 ; Boswell, 2008 ; Drayer

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Joris Drayer, Brendan Dwyer and Stephen L. Shapiro

under immense scrutiny. Of primary concern was whether DFS should be considered a form of illegal sport gambling. This debate, centered around the notion of whether the activity should be considered a game of skill or chance, took a major turn in 2015 when McKinsey and Co. published a study of DFS

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Cathryn L. Claussen and Lori K. Miller

This article describes developments in the American gambling industry during the decade of the 1990s in light of predictions made in the 1980s. Societal and legal trends in the 1990s are discussed in terms of their relevance for the future of the gambling industry in the first decade of the 21st century. Particular attention is addressed to sports gambling and Internet sports gambling as growth areas in the gambling industry.

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Timothy J. Curry and Robert M. Jiobu

The importance of competition and other motive statements in explaining gambling behavior is an important but controversial issue. This study operationalizes several types of motive statements related to sports participation, and then, in a novel methodological strategy, applies these as independent variables in a causal model of sport betting among college athletes. Based on questionnaires from 492 athletes at three colleges, findings showed that competitive and extrinsic motives for sport predict sports wagering. This is the case even in a multivariate equation that includes several control variables drawn from previous studies of gambling in the general population.

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James H. Frey

In light of the pervasiveness of sport betting this paper summarizes and presents data from a national study conducted by the Commission on the Review of the National Policy Toward Gambling. Data were collected from 214 coaches and 127 athletic directors from a sample of NCAA schools. Responses to Questionnaire items provided information on the perceived impact of betting and publicized point spreads on sport in general and on the behavior of coaches and players in particular. The phenomenon of sport betting is discussed in light of these attitudes.

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Garry J. Smith

The legalization of sports gambling has recently become a major social policy issue in some North American jurisdictions. Unfortunately, there are few guiding principles to help policymakers in their deliberations. This paper presents a synopsis of the main practical and moral arguments for and against sports gambling. The discussion of the consequences of legalizing sports gambling follows a sociological overview that emphasizes the scope, growth, and appeal of the activity. The concluding section examines the future of sports gambling: why legalization appears inevitable, the formats legalized sports gambling may take, and where in North America the enabling legislation is most likely to surface.

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Janos Vaczi and Peter Berkes

In Hungary, sports do not appropriately act as a social and economic catalyst in the key market segments—leisure sports and spectator sports. To date, despite the media’s increasing role in sports sponsorships, no coherent model has been presented to improve Hungary’s chronically underfunded sport industry by raising extra funds. The reviewed international literature fails to provide a consistent and uniform model. The first part of the study describes the history of Hungary’s sport industry in the past 20 years. An examination of the background of sports funding is followed by a description of key directions in funding practices. The focus is on providing a high-level introduction to the various funding systems. The conclusion is that with the necessary communication and media support, a new gambling-related, government-controlled sport-marketing program can provide extra funds for Olympic sports federations and the sport industry in general.

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Steven Salaga, Scott Tainsky and Michael Mondello

also media partners, advertisers, and sponsors. Access to new revenues garnered via sports gambling affords sport managers the opportunity to keep lower quality franchises relevant through wagering opportunities that are recalibrated for each game. The NBA and other leagues should relish additional

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Alexander S.D. Gamble, Jessica L. Bigg, Tyler F. Vermeulen, Stephanie M. Boville, Greg S. Eskedjian, Sebastian Jannas-Vela, Jamie Whitfield, Matthew S. Palmer and Lawrence L. Spriet

participation in this research. Authors would also like to thank the Gatorade Sport Science Institute, Canada, for the graduate student grants they provided during the years of this research. A.S.G. Gamble: substantial contributions to conception and design, data collection methods, data analysis