Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 83 items for :

  • "gender discrimination" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Sexism in Professional Sports: How Women Managers Experience and Survive Sport Organizational Culture

Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

The recent attention of social media movements such as #MeToo have renewed focus on the pervasiveness of sexism and sexual harassment faced by women in the workforce. Gender discrimination, reported by more than 40% of working women in a 2017 Pew Research study, is commonplace, even more so in

Full access

Gender Discrimination in Sport in the 21st Century: A Commentary on Trans-Athlete Exclusion in Canada from a Sociohistorical Perspective

Sarah Teetzel and Charlene Weaving

Restricted access

Gender Equity in Athletic Training

Patricia S. Perez, Daniel K. Hibbler, Michelle A. Cleary, and Lindsey E. Eberman

Restricted access

“The Club Management Ignores Us”: Gender-Power Relations in Women’s Football in Turkey

Pınar Öztürk and Canan Koca

Turkey. In the discussion of findings, we demonstrate both how a women’s football team is subject to a large amount of institutionalized gender discrimination in a men’s club and how it works to reproduce compulsory femininity. Gender Relations in Football In the 1990s, the objectives of the liberal

Restricted access

Feminine and Sexy: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis of Gender Ideology and Professional Cheerleading

Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

cheerleading had gone mostly unchallenged until the past several years when women began reporting unfair wage practices and gender discrimination. First, in 2014, cheerleaders from several NFL cheerleading squads filed lawsuits alleging that they were paid less than minimum wage. A lawsuit against the Oakland

Restricted access

What Influences Collegiate Coaches’ Intentions to Advance Their Leadership Careers? The Roles of Leader Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancies

Moe Machida-Kosuga, John M. Schaubroeck, Daniel Gould, Martha Ewing, and Deborah L. Feltz

The purpose of the current study was to examine the influences of leader self-efficacy and coaching career outcome expectancies on intentions for advancement in leadership careers of collegiate assistant coaches in the United States. We also investigated psychosocial antecedents of these factors and explored gender differences. Female and male collegiate assistant coaches (N = 674) participated in an online survey consisting of measurements of leadership career advancement intentions, leader self-efficacy, and coaching career outcome expectancies, and their putative antecedents (i.e., developmental challenges, head coach professional support, family-work conflicts, and perceived gender discrimination). Results showed that leader self-efficacy and coaching career outcome expectancies were related to coaches’ leadership career advancement intentions. Developmental challenges and head coach professional support were positively related to leader self-efficacy, while family-work conflicts and perceived gender discrimination were negatively related to coaching career outcome expectancies. Findings also suggested that female assistant coaches may have higher coaching career outcome expectancies, but lower intentions toward leadership career advancement, leader self-efficacy, and developmental challenges than male assistant coaches. The study findings suggest ways to advance junior coaches’ leadership careers.

Restricted access

I Thought Only Fairy Tales Had Supernatural Power: A Radical Feminist Analysis of Title IX in Physical Education

Lynda M. Nilges

Utilizing liberal and radical feminist theory, this study critically investigated the lived status of Title IX in one fourth-grade physical education class (n = 21). Does Title IX emancipate female physicality, or does patriarchal gender differentiation continue to exclude females within the gender-integrated physical education setting? Data were collected over 14 weeks of fieldwork using nonparticipant observation, field notes, formal and informal interviews, and document analysis. Data analysis was structured by the indicator-concept model (Strauss, 1987). Results suggest that equal access to a common curriculum may not fully eliminate gender discrimination in physical education. A gender-based “we-they” dichotomy defines physical life in the context studied. This dichotomy was an ideologically driven, patriarchal distinction that largely awarded physical space to boys and situated girls as physically inferior. Feminist pedagogy is discussed as a strategy for extending gender-equitable teaching in physical education beyond the liberal definition of Title IX.

Restricted access

Occupational Stressors in Physical Education Faculties

Karen E. Danylchuk

The prevalence of occupational Stressors in physical education faculties/ departments as a function of sex, age, marital status, family status, years of work experience in higher education, and type of appointment was examined through use of the Stress Diagnostic Survey (Ivancevich & Matteson, 1988a). This multidimensional self-report inventory consists of 17 dimensions, which are further subdivided into organizational Stressors (macrostressors) and individual Stressors (microstressors). The sample reported moderate degrees of stress in comparison to the normative data with the macrostressors being greater sources of stress than the microstressors. Quantitative overload was rated the highest followed by time pressure and rewards. Qualitative overload was rated lowest followed by role ambiguity and role conflict. Sex was associated with the greatest number of Stressors—gender discrimination, quantitative overload, and time pressure. Females perceived these three Stressors to be significantly greater sources of stress than did males.

Restricted access

If You Let Me Play: Young Girls’ Insider-Other Narratives of Sport

Cheryl Cooky and Mary G. McDonald

In this article we explore the narratives that 10 White, middle-class female athletes, ages 11–14, (co)produce around their sport experiences. Through interviews, observation, and participant observation, we argue that, consistent with the advertising rhetoric of such multinational corporations as Nike, these girls all advocate hard work, choice, opportunity, and personal responsibility in playing sport and in challenging gender discrimination. We argue this reflects the girls’ subscription to elements of liberal feminism and to their frequent positioning as “insider-others”—that is, outside the dominant gender norms of sport but simultaneously the beneficiaries of Whiteness and middle-class norms. In contrast to Nike and liberal feminists who frequently argue for equal opportunity in sport, these girls’ insider-other narratives suggest the need for critical interrogation of the multiple meanings and effects of sport experiences.

Restricted access

Applying Career Construction Theory to Female National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Conference Commissioners

Elizabeth A. Taylor, Jessica L. Siegele, Allison B. Smith, and Robin Hardin

(vocational personality). The work–life negotiations discussed by respondents included daily decisions they were required to make on how to prioritize time between their professional life and personal life. Gender normalcy refers to the normalized gender discrimination participants faced during their career