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Socioeconomic and Gender Inequalities in Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Access to Public Policies in Brazil From 2013 to 2019

Andrea Wendt, Luiza I.C. Ricardo, Caroline S. Costa, Alan G. Knuth, Maria C.M. Tenório, and Inácio Crochemore-Silva

outcomes by applying simple and complex measures. Simple measures were used in gender inequality assessment. Outcome prevalence among women was subtracted from outcome prevalence among men, providing an absolute gap between genders in percentage points (p.p.). 18 Negative values indicate higher prevalence

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An Overview of Physical Activity Research Evolution in Africa: The Global Observatory for Physical Activity—GoPA!

Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Estelle V. Lambert, Eduardo Ribes Kohn, Pedro C. Hallal, and Michael Pratt

scientific capacity in Africa. 25 Yet, it is unknown how gender and country-level income inequalities contribute to the PA research landscapes in Africa. This article addresses these gaps by describing the evolution of PA research in Africa, examining country-level income and gender inequalities, and

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“They’ve Never Played the Game”: “Cool Sports Girls,” Gender Inequality, and Garbage Time in Sports Punditry

Taylor M. Henry

speaking out against gender inequality in the industry also illustrates a gendered divide concerning the notion of “postfeminism,” a term defined by Angela McRobbie as “a process by which feminist gains of the 1970s and 1980s are actively and relentlessly undermined” ( McRobbie, 2009 , p. 11). The

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Sexism in Professional Sports: How Women Managers Experience and Survive Sport Organizational Culture

Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

women in sport, an industry considered ripe with hegemonic masculinity and gender inequality, be met with? A 2018 Sports Illustrated investigative report offered one such glimpse, detailing the “corrosive workplace culture” of the National Basketball Association’s Dallas Mavericks. The report examined

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The Great American Football Ritual: Reproducing Race, Class, and Gender Inequality

Douglas E. Foley

An ethnographic study of one football season in a small South Texas town is presented to explore the extent that community sport is, as various critical theorists have suggested, a potential site for counterhegemonic cultural practices. Football is conceptualized as a major community ritual that socializes future generations of youth. This broad, holistic description of socialization also notes various moments of ethnic resistance engendered by the Chicano civil rights movement. Other moments of class and gender resistance to the football ritual are also noted. Finally, the way players generally resisted attempts to thoroughly rationalize their sport is also described. In spite of these moments of resistance, this study ultimately shows how deeply implicated community sport—in this case high school football—is in the reproduction of class, gender, and racial inequality. The white ruling class and the town’s patriarchal system of gender relations are preserved in spite of concessions to the new ethnic challenges. When seen from a historical community perspective, sport may be less a site for progressive, counterhegemonic practices than critical sport theorists hope.

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Parental Perception of the Social and Physical Environment Contributes to Gender Inequalities in Children’s Screen Time

Daniela Rodrigues, Helena Nogueira, Augusta Gama, Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues, Maria-Raquel G. Silva, Vítor Rosado-Marques, and Cristina Padez

Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore how parental perceptions of the social and physical environment of the neighborhood was associated with 3- to 10-year-old children’s use of traditional and modern screen devices. Methods: Participants were recruited under the scope of the project ObesInCrisis, conducted in 2016–2017 in the cities of Porto, Coimbra, and Lisbon (Portugal). Data from 6347 children aged 3–10 years were analyzed (3169 boys [49.9%]). A parental questionnaire was used to collect data on children’s screen time (dependent variable) and parents’ perceived social and physical environment (from the Environmental Module of the International Physical Activity Prevalence Study questionnaire; independent variable), parental education, and urbanization (used as covariates). Results: Neighborhood features were more correlated with girls’ screen time, than with boys’, particularly among younger children. Also, more social than physical characteristics of the neighborhood were positively associated with children’s use of television and mobile devices (ie, tablet and smartphone). Conclusions: Community-based approaches should improve the social environment and implement supervised after-school programs to encourage and support children to be outdoors and spend less time in sedentary pursuits.

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Gender Differences and Inequality? A 20-Year Retrospective Analysis Based on 39,980 Students’ Perceptions of Physical Education in Sweden

Alexander Jansson, Gunilla Brun Sundblad, Suzanne Lundvall, Daniel Bjärsholm, and Johan R. Norberg

). Against this background, the aim of this study was to critically examine previous studies’ claims about the magnitude of gender differences and gender inequality in PE in Sweden. The present study is a constructive replication study, which means that a specific research question and/or research aim is

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Recent Secular Trends in Child and Adolescent Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Internationally: Analyses of Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance Global Matrices 1.0 to 4.0

John J. Reilly, Joel Barnes, Silvia Gonzalez, Wendy Y. Huang, Taru Manyanga, Chiaki Tanaka, and Mark S. Tremblay

research questions: What global changes in behavioral grades occurred, and did changes differ by level of country development? or country-level gender inequality?; Have sources of influence grades improved (eg, negligible government policy on physical activity in low- and middle-income countries identified

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“If This Is What Working in Sports Is, I Want Absolutely No Part of It”: Women’s Experiences With Sexual Harassment in Sport Organizations

Elizabeth Taylor, Katherine Sveinson, and Laura Burton

sport organizations as contributing to sexual violence against women ( Forsdike & Fullagar, 2022 ). Further, sport organizations and organizational practices reinforce gender inequality and devalue the contributions of women and other individuals holding minoritized social identities ( Burton, 2015

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Feminine and Sexy: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis of Gender Ideology and Professional Cheerleading

Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

(NFL) offers perhaps one of the most compelling sites to study this gender inequality within sport. As Messner ( 1990 ) wrote in the above quote, the visual juxtaposition of football player and cheerleader is stark, particularly at the professional level where cheerleaders have been increasingly