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Jennifer T. Coletti, Veronica Allan, and Luc J. Martin

of a critical feminist lens revealed an underlying theme—the reinforcement of gender stereotypes—that permeated the storylines and served to undermine the potential adaptive messaging likely intended by the authors. Interestingly, the ways in which gender stereotypes were reinforced differed across

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Seyyed Mohammadreza Mousavi, Laura Gray, Sahar Beik, and Maxime Deshayes

the group to which they belong ( Steele & Aronson, 1995 ). Numerous studies have shown the negative impact of gender stereotype induction on performance in various domains such as, the math domain (e.g., O’Brien & Crandall, 2003 ), memory performance (e.g., Mazerolle et al., 2012 ), safe driving (e

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Anna Posbergh and Shannon Jette

physical and emotional differences between men and women and the construction and reproduction of gender stereotypes ( McDonagh & Pappano, 2008 ). Given that “ideal” sporting traits are perceived as natural for male bodies, men are generally more enthusiastically welcomed than women into competitive

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Jyoti Gosai, Sophia Jowett, and Daniel J.A. Rhind

is a special case when it comes to understanding the fulfillment of these basic psychological needs when you are a female athlete—a special case that is rooted in historical and gendered stereotypical beliefs about women and their position in society and in turn sport. This conjecture requires

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Yonghwan Chang, Vicki Schull, and Lisa A. Kihl

, 2016 ); they also provide strong evidence to suggest that lower sport viewership among women may in part be attributed to insidious gendered practices and assumptions including gender stereotypes present in the world of sports. The gender stereotypes to which girls and women are subjected in the world

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Kelly Fraidenburg and Laura Backstrom

contesting sexist media coverage of sportswomen during the 2016 Olympics ( Villalon & Weiller-Abels, 2018 ). However, studies found that sports media aimed at women sports fans did not challenge gender stereotypes or the discourse of male dominance ( Antunovic & Hardin, 2012 ; Fink & Kensicki, 2002 ; Lisec

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Emma S. Cowley, Alyssa A. Olenick, Kelly L. McNulty, and Emma Z. Ross

This study aimed to conduct an updated exploration of the ratio of male and female participants in sport and exercise science research. Publications involving humans were examined from The European Journal of Sports Science, Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise, The Journal of Sport Science & Medicine, The Journal of Physiology, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, and The British Journal of Sports Medicine , 2014–2020. The total number of participants, the number of male and female participants, the title, and the topic, were recorded for each publication. Data were expressed in frequencies and percentages. Chi-square analyses were used to assess the differences in frequencies in each of the journals. About 5,261 publications and 12,511,386 participants were included in the analyses. Sixty-three percentage of publications included both males and females, 31% included males only, and 6% included females only (p < .0001). When analyzing participants included in all journals, a total of 8,253,236 (66%) were male and 4,254,445 (34%) were female (p < .0001). Females remain significantly underrepresented within sport and exercise science research. Therefore, at present most conclusions made from sport and exercise science research might only be applicable to one sex. As such, researchers and practitioners should be aware of the ongoing sex data gap within the current literature, and future research should address this.

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Kari Roethlisberger, Vista Beasley, Jeffrey Martin, Brigid Byrd, Krista Munroe-Chandler, and Irene Muir

of competence and subjective value to inform gender stereotypes as well as a second aspect of the EVM; a child’s general schema as assessed by athletic identity. Perceptions of competence and subjective value in the sport domain are shaped in part by gender activity stereotypes (i.e., the shared

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Eddie Comeaux and Adam Martin

and gendered stereotypes were evidenced by subtle and sometimes direct words used to describe the female athletic director. For example, when an athletic administrator questioned her capacity to understand baseball, he was suggesting (intentionally or not) doubts about her abilities to manage and lead

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Adam Vanzella-Yang and Tobias Finger

-established and empirically supported frameworks—to suggest that coed team leagues typically offer an unleveled playing field that reinscribes gender stereotypes and inequalities in sport. Status construction theory and expectation states theory are conceptually similar and focus on the interpersonal processes