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Sirinun Boripuntakul and Somporn Sungkarat

The objective of this study was to examine the association between cognitive ability and gait initiation performance in older adults. Global and specific cognitive functions and spatiotemporal gait parameters during gait initiation were assessed in 60 older adults. Multivariate linear regression was conducted to determine the association between cognitive functions and gait initiation parameters. Results showed that global cognitive function was not associated with any of the spatiotemporal parameters. Poorer performance on measures of executive function and language ability were associated with shorter step length, narrower step width, and longer step time. In addition, poorer performance on test of visuospatial ability was associated with longer step time. In conclusion, specific but not global cognitive functions were associated with gait initiation performance. Clinical gait examination should incorporate gait initiation and cognitive assessments. Rehabilitation strategies aimed at improving cognition and gait initiation performance may be beneficial for preventing falls.

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Pankaja Desai, Shannon Halloway, Klodian Dhana, Yanyu Zhang, Thomas Holland, Puja Agarwal, Christopher N. Ford, Carlos Mendes de Leon, Denis A. Evans, and Martha C. Morris

(≥1 ε4 allele) versus noncarrier. The Broad Institute for Population Genetics utilized the hME Sequenom MassARRAY platform to obtain genotype. Outcomes (Dependent Variables) Global cognitive function, episodic memory, and perceptual speed Global cognitive function was described in previous work and

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Baptiste Fournier, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bier, Johanne Filiatrault, Manon Parisien, Miguel Chagnon, and Marie-Ève Mathieu

. There was also a trend toward increased global cognitive function after the program. First, the results showed that WWPP increased the participants’ upper and lower body strength. These findings are consistent with other studies carried out in well-controlled studies that reported similar improvements

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Jerry Öhlin, Yngve Gustafson, Håkan Littbrand, Birgitta Olofsson, and Annika Toots

 = 3), it was included in the analysis. Participants who could not perform the GS test at the second home visit ( n  = 51) were included, and the reason for nonperformance was recorded and categorized as cognition, physical impairment, motivation, or other (pain, unknown). Global cognitive function was

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Renata V. Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J. Fraga, Thays M.V. da Silva, José M. Cancela, and Ruth F. Santos-Galduròz

cognitive battery was used that included tests for global cognitive functions and specific cognitive functions, such as attention, executive functions, memory, and language, which are described below. The Brazilian validated versions of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) ( Brucki, Nitrini, Caramelli

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino, and Hiroyuki Shimada

-to-face interviews by trained staff. Other Variables Body mass index was calculated as body weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of height (in meters). Muscle mass was determined using a multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer (MC-980A; Tanita, Tokyo, Japan) ( Yoshida et al., 2014 ). Global cognitive

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Peiyuan Wang, Frank J. Infurna, and Sydney Y. Schaefer

identify which cognitive tests can predict poor acquisition in older adults such that their practice scheduling can be optimized, much like Schweighofer et al. ( 2011 ). Finally, there are several limitations to this study. First, while the MoCA is a quick and simple test for probing global cognitive

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Renata Valle Pedroso, José Maria Cancela, Carlos Ayán, Angelica Miki Stein, Gilson Fuzaro, José Luiz Riani Costa, Francisco J. Fraga, and Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz

were used to assess AD staging and to characterize the patients’ global cognitive function. The translated and validated version of the 30-question Geriatric Depression Scale for Brazilian Populations 15 was used to detect the presence of any depressive symptoms. Averaged Event-Related Potentials (P

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Juliana Hotta Ansai, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Paulo Giusti Rossi, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale, and José Rubens Rebelatto

not exhibit criteria for MCI or dementia were considered PC. The criteria for MCI were (a) cognitive complaint, reported by the volunteer or an informant; (b) objective cognitive impairment not related to delirium, with a score of 0.5 in the Clinical Dementia Rating scale; (c) normal global cognitive

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Freja Gheysen, Karel Herman, and Delfien Van Dyck

) cognitive functioning. All composite scores (of the five separate tests and the overall cognitive functioning) were then recoded into dummy variables (based on the median values) for the moderation analyses (0 =  low cognitive functioning and 1 =  high cognitive functioning ). Statistical Analyses The