Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 862 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Walking Reduces Postprandial Insulin Secretion in Obese Adolescents Consuming a High-Fructose or High-Glucose Diet

Timothy D. Heden, Ying Liu, Young-Min Park, Nathan C. Winn, and Jill A. Kanaley

Background:

This study assessed if walking at a self-selected pace could improve postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations in obese adolescents consuming high-fructose (HF) or high-glucose (HG) diets.

Methods:

Seven obese male and female adolescents (18 ± 1 yr) performed 4, 15-day trials in a random order, including 1) HF-diet (50 g fructose/d added to normal diet) while being sedentary, 2) HG-diet (50 g glucose/d) while sedentary, 3) HF-diet with additional walking, and 4) HG-diet with additional walking. On the 15th day of each trial, the participants performed mixed meal testing in the laboratory in which they consumed three liquid shakes (either HF or HG) and during the HF and HG sedentary trials, the participants took < 4000 steps while in the laboratory but during the walking trials took ≥ 13,000 steps during testing.

Results:

Walking did not alter postprandial glucose concentrations. Although walking reduced insulin secretion by 34% and 25% during the HF- and HG-diet, respectively (P < .05), total insulin concentrations were only significantly reduced (P > .05) with walking during the HF trial, possibly because walking enhanced insulin clearance to a greater extent during the HF-diet.

Conclusions:

Walking reduces postprandial insulin secretion in obese adolescents consuming a high-fructose or high-glucose diet.

Restricted access

Effects of Coffee Components on Muscle Glycogen Recovery: A Systematic Review

Laís Monteiro Rodrigues Loureiro, Caio Eduardo Gonçalves Reis, and Teresa Helena Macedo da Costa

involved in the process of glycogen synthesis. Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an enzyme responsible for the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4) to the cell membrane when activated by skeletal muscle contraction ( Mu et al., 2001 ; Stapleton et al., 1996 ). AMPK

Restricted access

Effect of Preexercise Ingestion of Modified Amylomaize Starch on Glycemic Response While Cycling

Rachel B. Parks, Hector F. Angus, Douglas S. King, and Rick L. Sharp

synergistic actions of insulin and muscle contractions stimulated GLUT4 translocation until counterregulatory hormones normalized blood glucose by ∼30 min into exercise ( Defronzo et al., 1981 ; Hargreaves et al., 1987 ). However, subsequent studies could not replicate the results, instead finding

Restricted access

Postexercise Glucose–Fructose Coingestion Augments Cycling Capacity During Short-Term and Overnight Recovery From Exhaustive Exercise, Compared With Isocaloric Glucose

Edward A. Gray, Thomas A. Green, James A. Betts, and Javier T. Gonzalez

contributes to the maintenance of blood glucose availability during exercise, a lack of which is associated with the onset of fatigue ( Coyle & Coggan, 1984 ). In contrast to muscle glycogen, liver glycogen synthesis is potently increased by coingestion of the low-glycemic index carbohydrate, fructose, with

Restricted access

Effect of Exercise Training on Cardiac Biomarkers in At-Risk Populations: A Systematic Review

Susan Sullivan Glenney, Derrick Paul Brockemer, Andy C. Ng, Michael A. Smolewski, Vladimir M. Smolgovskiy, and Adam S. Lepley

effects of exercise training on cardiovascular health. Traditional serum biomarkers, such as total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin, and triglyceride levels, have been used to study the effects of exercise interventions

Open access

For Flux Sake: Isotopic Tracer Methods of Monitoring Human Carbohydrate Metabolism During Exercise

Javier T. Gonzalez and Andy J. King

specifically focuses on the theory and practice of employing isotopic tracers to study carbohydrate metabolism during exercise in humans. Tracers can be considered as “labels” which are used to track the trace of interest (e.g., ingested glucose). A common tracer method employs isotopes, which are elements

Restricted access

Pre- Versus Postmeal Sedentary Duration—Impact on Postprandial Glucose in Older Adults With Overweight or Obesity

Elizabeth Chun, Irina Gaynanova, Edward L. Melanson, and Kate Lyden

health by reducing blood glucose levels ( Dunstan et al., 2012 ). Specifically, research indicates that modifications to sedentary behavior can be used to manage postmeal hyperglycemia, which is important given that high postprandial (postmeal) glucose is specifically correlated with cardiometabolic risk

Free access

The Use of Continuous Glucose Monitors in Sport: Possible Applications and Considerations

Amy-Lee M. Bowler, Jamie Whitfield, Lachlan Marshall, Vernon G. Coffey, Louise M. Burke, and Gregory R. Cox

blood glucose (BG) supply in comparison with the fuel needs of an exercise session ( Burke, Hawley, et al., 2018 ; Impey et al., 2018 ). Targets for CHO intake, to optimize performance and support health and well-being, in the everyday diet and during competition are a prominent feature of sports

Restricted access

Response of Blood Biomarkers to Sprint Interval Swimming

Athanasios Kabasakalis, Stefanos Nikolaidis, George Tsalis, and Vassilis Mougios

upregulate biochemical markers such as lactate, glucose, cortisol, reduced glutathione (GSH), total antioxidant capacity, and 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine. 11 Swimming SIT sets are considered relevant and effective in improving performance in competitive events ranging from 50 to 400 m, as they increase

Restricted access

Impact of a Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse on Quadriceps Muscle Function and Corticomotor Excitability

Stephen P. Bailey, Julie Hibbard, Darrin La Forge, Madison Mitchell, Bart Roelands, G. Keith Harris, and Stephen Folger

examined differences in exercise performance, comparing glucose and maltodextrin MR with artificial sweeteners in elite cyclists. These investigators found that cycle time-trial performance times were significantly improved when either 6.4% glucose or maltodextrin rinse was used prior to exercise. During