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Chiao-Ling Hung, Yu-Kai Chang, Yuan-Shuo Chan, Chia-Hao Shih, Chung-Ju Huang and Tsung-Min Hung

The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between motor ability and response inhibition using behavioral and electrophysiological indices in children with ADHD. A total of 32 participants were recruited and underwent a motor ability assessment by administering the Basic Motor Ability Test-Revised (BMAT) as well as the Go/No-Go task and event-related potential (ERP) measurements at the same time. The results indicated that the BMAT scores were positively associated with the behavioral and ERP measures. Specifically, the BMAT average score was associated with a faster reaction time and higher accuracy, whereas higher BMAT subset scores predicted a shorter P3 latency in the Go condition. Although the association between the BMAT average score and the No-Go accuracy was limited, higher BMAT average and subset scores predicted a shorter N2 and P3 latency and a larger P3 amplitude in the No-Go condition. These findings suggest that motor abilities may play roles that benefit the cognitive performance of ADHD children.

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Sarah Burkart, Jasmin Roberts, Matthew C. Davidson and Sofiya Alhassan

hyperactivity, aggression, and attention subscales were used to evaluate participants’ behavioral outcomes. Scores on the BASC-2 were calculated as t scores, with a mean of 50 and scores ≥69 generally considered to indicate clinical pathology. 18 A computerized go/no-go task designed for children was used to

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Vagner D.O. Tavares, Kell G. da Costa, Daniel A.R. Cabral, Maria L.M. Rego, Menna Price and Eduardo B. Fontes

nonparametric variables as the median (confidence interval; see Table  1 ). Initial Spearman correlations were conducted for the variables of interest (commission errors and reaction time of go no/go task, VO 2 max). Potential covariables (age, time of drug use, body mass index, days in abstinence, and DASS-21

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Ines Pfeffer and Tilo Strobach

) that are incompatible with one’s goals ( Hofmann et al., 2012 ). This inhibition aspect was assessed by the Stroop task and the go/no-go task. In the Stroop task, participants are instructed to respond to the ink of color words; these color words are congruent (e.g., GREEN in green ink) or incongruent

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Kelsey Picha, Carolina Quintana, Amanda Glueck, Matt Hoch, Nicholas R. Heebner and John P. Abt

cognitive load utilized simple math or reading an excerpt from a novel while simultaneously extinguishing the illuminated lights. For each protocol, the participant was instructed to hit or make contact with as many of the illuminated red lights as possible before time expired. In the Moderate and Go–No-Go

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay

go/no go task after 90 minutes of exercise in the heat even though T core was not different between conditions after 30 minutes. It is possible that the reduction in T core and T head earlier in the run acted as a buffer, creating a lag in deleterious effects of cognitive performance in the

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Mathias H. Kosack, Walter Staiano, Rasmus Folino, Mads B. Hansen and Simon Lønbro

Mental fatigue (MF) is defined as a psychobiological state caused by a demanding cognitive activity. 1 MF expresses itself in various ways and is associated with an increased risk of error and slower reaction time during simple cognitive tasks (ie, time on task, go/no-go task) 2 , 3 and has been

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Chun-Hao Wang and Kuo-Cheng Tu

players than in nonathletic controls. This finding led the authors to suggest that the players may better prepare their motor responses by adopting a compensatory strategy. Further, Bianco, Di Russo, Perri, and Berchicci ( 2017 ) used a go/no-go task and found that prestimulus neural activities (i