Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 27 items for :

  • "goal setting intervention" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Samantha M. McDonald and Stewart G. Trost


This study evaluated the effects of a goal setting intervention on aerobic fitness (AF) in 6th to 8th grade students.


Students at the intervention school received a lesson on SMART goal setting. Students in the comparison school served as a measurement-only group. AF was assessed via the PACER multistage shuttle run test pre and post intervention. Between-group differences for change in AF were assessed using a RM ANCOVA.


A significant group by time interaction was observed for PACER performance, F(1,263) = 39.9, p < .0001. Intervention students increased PACER performance from 40.6 to 45.9 laps, while comparison students exhibited a decline from 30.2 to 23.4 laps. Intervention students were 10 times as likely as those in the comparison school to maintain Healthy Fitness Zone status or progress from Needs Improvement Zone to Healthy Fitness Zone.


Educating middle school students about SMART goal setting may be an effective strategy for improving aerobic fitness.

Restricted access

Catarina Sousa, Ronald E. Smith, and Jaume Cruz

Coach Effectiveness Training (CET) has been shown to have positive effects on a range of outcome variables, especially in young athletes (Smith & Smoll, 2005). Based on CET principles, and coupled with behavioral feedback, an individualized goal-setting intervention was developed and assessed using a replicated case study approach. Outcome variables included observed, athlete-perceived, and coach-perceived behaviors measured before the intervention and late in the season, as well as coaches’ evaluations of the intervention. Four soccer coaches selected three target behaviors that they wished to improve after viewing videotaped behavioral feedback. Behavioral assessment revealed that two of the coaches achieved positive changes on all three of their targeted behaviors. A third coach improved on two of the three targeted behaviors. The fourth coach did not achieve any of the established goals. We conclude that this approach is sufficiently promising to warrant additional research, and we discuss strengths and limitations of the study.

Open access

Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese, and Johanna M. Hoch

did not identify any significant differences between the 3 groups (goal-setting intervention group, social support group, or control group). However, we calculated Hedge g effect sizes 10 to determine the magnitude of the difference between posttreatment self-efficacy scores between the groups. Our

Restricted access

Paul J. McCarthy, Marc V. Jones, Chris G. Harwood, and Laura Davenport

Positive affect is linked to enhanced motivation, commitment, and performance among youth sport performers; yet, few psychological interventions have specifically attempted to enhance positive affect among these athletes. To address this circumstance, we implemented a single-subject multiple-baseline design to examine the effects of a goal-setting intervention on the positive and negative affective responses of three competitive youth athletes. Statistical analysis coupled with visual inspection criteria revealed a significant overall increase in positive affect for participants 1 and 2. A statistically significant increase in positive affect also emerged for participant 3, yet it was not possible to detect a significant experimental effect using visual inspection criteria. No statistically significant decreases in negative effect emerged for any of the three participants. These results show some support for the hypothesis that goal setting may enhance positive affect among junior multievent athletes.

Restricted access

International Sport Coaching Journal


research is required to determine how to create sustained changes for coaches. A Season-Long Goal-Setting Intervention for Elite Youth Basketball Teams Durdubas, D., Martin, L.J., & Koruc, Z. (2020). Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 32 (6), 529–545. doi: 10.1080/10413200.2019.1593258 This study

Restricted access

Allison Naber, Whitney Lucas Molitor, Andy Farriell, Kara Honius, and Brooke Poppe

level of pain reported by the participants between the pretest and posttest measurements. Goal-tracking form A goal-tracking form, created by the researchers, was used for the goal-setting intervention. The researchers used this form as a guide to help each participant identify an individualized goal

Full access

Kate N. Jochimsen, Carl G. Mattacola, Brian Noehren, Kelsey J. Picha, Stephen T. Duncan, and Cale A. Jacobs

a goal setting intervention to increase adherence to low back pain rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial . Clin Rehabil . 2012 ; 26 ( 11 ): 1032 – 1042 . PubMed ID: 22357799 doi:10.1177/0269215512436613 22357799 10.1177/0269215512436613 50. Evans L , Hardy L . Injury rehabilitation

Restricted access

Jeanette M. Thom, Sharon M. Nelis, Jennifer K. Cooney, John V. Hindle, Ian R. Jones, and Linda Clare

, 2019 ). We have previously published evidence for the effectiveness of a goal-setting intervention in a community Agewell Center ( Clare et al., 2015 ; Jones, Kimberlee, Deave, & Evans, 2013 ; Nelis et al., 2018 ). Thus, we plan to explore in detail the health and fitness levels of this cohort of

Restricted access

Elmer A. Castillo and Graig M. Chow

of growing applied interest, performance profiling may help practitioners develop such interventions. For instance, building on an initial performance-profiling session by following up with a complementary goal-setting intervention might be useful, particularly for the purpose of facilitating

Restricted access

Claire-Marie Roberts

goal-setting intervention already proposed to address the perfectionism construct would be extended to attempt to reduce the cognitive component of precompetitive state anxiety, and would be specifically designed to help the athlete and her parents shift their focus from the outcome of races (win