Questionnaire . Journal of Sport Psychology, 7 , 244 – 266 . doi:10.1123/jsp.7.3.244 10.1123/jsp.7.3.244 Cartwright , D. ( 1968 ). The nature of group cohesiveness . In D. Cartwright & A. Zander (Eds.), Group dynamics: Research and theory (pp. 91 – 109 ). New York, NY : Harper & Row
Colin D. McLaren and Kevin S. Spink
Kevin S. Spink
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between group cohesion and collective efficacy in volleyball teams. A secondary purpose was to determine whether the cohesion/collective efficacy relationship would be moderated by the type of group selected. The results supported the conclusion that specific measures of group cohesiveness were positively related to collective efficacy for elite volleyball teams, but not for recreational teams. In the elite teams, Individual Attractions to Group-Task and Group Integration-Social were found to differentiate significantly between low and high collective efficacy teams, with the high collective efficacy teams rating cohesiveness higher. No significant results emerged, however, when the relationship between group cohesion and collective efficacy was examined for recreational teams. This suggests the need for future research to address the cohesion/collective efficacy question from a comparative perspective.
Albert V. Carron, W. Neil Widmeyer and Lawrence R. Brawley
The general purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of group cohesion to individual adherence to physical activity. Two independent studies were conducted using present and former participants from organized sport programs, physical recreation programs, and physical exercise programs. The purpose of Study 1 was to determine if cohesiveness was related to adherence behavior in organized sport and exercise class settings. Study 2 explored the relationship of individual perceptions of group cohesion to absenteeism and lateness by summer recreation sport participants. The results from the two studies supported the conclusion that group cohesiveness is related to individual adherence behavior. This conclusion was supported across different group types including fitness classes, recreational team sports, and elite team sports. However, both the form and number of aspects of cohesion that were related to adherence were moderated by type of group. This underscores the necessity of conducting more comparative group research in future investigations.
Julie D. Guldager, Anja Leppin, Jesper von Seelen and Pernille T. Andersen
interactions with each other and create new social relationships that can increase the groups’ cohesiveness. 17 Being Put on the Spot? Working with the individual scorecard of the program requires individual transparency about the students’ performances. Students must share their scorecard results in class in
Andrew Evans, Robert Morris, Jamie Barker, Tom Johnson, Zoe Brenan and Ben Warner
and Exercise, 9 ( 4 ), 427 – 447 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.07.004 10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.07.004 Ribner , N.G. ( 1974 ). Effects of an explicit group contract on self-disclosure and group cohesiveness . Journal of Counseling Psychology, 21 ( 2 ), 116 – 120 . doi:10.1037/h0036195 10