, 1997 ). Although some of the positive consequences of injury pertained to physical–technical development (e.g., skiing with better technique), most of the skiers identified psychological benefits in the areas of personal growth (e.g., developing nonsport interests, becoming a more empathic person) and
Britton W. Brewer, Allen E. Cornelius, Judy L. Van Raalte and Howard Tennen
Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh and Nicholas L. Holt
Traumatic and adverse events can cause people significant distress, yet individuals can experience positive growth from their struggle with such events ( Baker, Kelly, Calhoun, Cann, & Tedeschi, 2008 ). Studies have shown, for instance, that some survivors of natural disasters and serious illnesses
Ross Wadey, Kylie Roy-Davis, Lynne Evans, Karen Howells, Jade Salim and Ceri Diss
nonselection and significant sporting failure ( Sarkar, Fletcher, & Brown, 2015 ). While these adversities have been found to have negative consequences, the studies also showed that adversity is not entirely debilitative; it can also bring about positive change, broadly conceptualized as growth following
Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones
-level competition are likely to have undergone several years of intensive training. Interest in the effect that intensive training at an early age has on a child’s growth and development has a long history ( Malina et al., 2013 ). This interest highlights the “catch them young” philosophy ( Rowley, 1986 ), the
Dennis J. Caine
This literature review reveals an accumulating body of evidence indicating that growth disturbance associated with both chronic and acute growth plate injury occurs in young athletes and may be more prevalent than formerly believed. Skeletal complications resulting from these injuries may include progressive bone shortening, progressive deformity, joint incongruity, and arthritic sequelae. Against this background an increased concern for the welfare of young athletes is recommended. It is emphasized that back pain or pain around a joint in young athletes may be the symptom of significant growth plate changes that require accurate diagnosis, adequate treatment, and specific recommendations about return to activity. Suggestions are given for further research and prevention of growth plate injuries.
Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele
student long-term knowledge growth in physical education is evident. While district-wide adoptions of a curriculum is common in many states, few studies have examined health-related fitness knowledge growth during district-wide implementation. Therefore, the first purpose of this study was to examine
Valerie J. Wirth and Joe Gieck
Growth hormone is one of the many dangerous and illegal ergogenic aids currently used by athletes. In those who suffer from a growth hormone deficiency, supplementation does produce positive results: Muscle volume increases while adipose tissue volume is significantly reduced. Growth hormone supplementation can also lead to strength increases in the deficient population (2, 6, 13) as well as in the elderly population (16, 18, 25). In healthy young men, growth hormone supplementation has been shown to increase fat-free mass and to decrease fat mass. However, these changes are not accompanied by strength gains (5, 7, 23, 24). This finding, coupled with the numerous side effects associated with the drug, presents a strong case for athletes to abandon its use as an ergogenic aid.
. Commentary Growth and maturation impact the selection, development, and progression of youth elite athletes ( 5 ). Furthermore, there appears to be a systematic discrimination against players born in the latter months of the selection year ( 1 ). This relative age effect is also rather common in youth soccer
Brian R. Bolt
The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe whether cognitive growth occurred among preservice physical educators in an elementary educational games class in which case discussions were used as a teaching method. Cognitive growth was defined as the ability to identify problems and generate possible solutions while drawing on concepts and personal experiences. Assessing whether change takes place and exploring connections between cognitive growth and the case discussions is an important first step toward learning about the potential effects of case discussions in physical education. Data were case discussion transcriptions, interviews, and preservice teachers’ written reflections on lesson episodes completed before and after their participation in three case discussions. Cases were complex narratives about elementary physical education teaching and learning. Data revealed an improved general propensity to identify problems, suggest solutions, and cite concepts in written reflections. Connections between cognitive growth and the case discussions are explored.
Astrid Schubring and Ansgar Thiel
Growing up in elite sport represents a challenging project. Young athletes must negotiate a career-defining transitional period while in the midst of adolescence. In this context, notably, the growth process can lead to health problems such as overloading and injuries. In this article, we investigate how adolescent elite athletes cope with problematic growth experiences. Taking a Bourdieusian perspective, we consider coping to be a socioculturally-located practice. Drawing on qualitative interviews and participant observation in German elite sport, our conversational analysis reveals five typical coping strategies among young athletes: (a) distancing, (b) rationalization, (c) active agency, (d) self-disciplining, and (e) responsibility transfer. We reflect on the health-compromising side effects of these strategies as well as the implications for the sporting community’s handling of growth problems.