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Jay Johnson, Michelle D. Guerrero, Margery Holman, Jessica W. Chin, and Mary Anne Signer-Kroeker

at an elite level of sport. On the other hand, newcomers may experience feelings of anxiety and discomfort regarding the socialization experience that lies ahead. In sport, and in other organizations, veteran members often use hazing rituals and ceremonies to “welcome” newcomers to the team ( Nuwer

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Moira Lafferty and Caroline Wakefield

notion that they are designed to welcome new members and develop cohesion, are often embarrassing, humiliating, degrading, and painful; can present significant health risks; and in extreme cases can become life threatening ( Nuwer, 2004 ). In essence, initiates are subjected to hazing. While there is

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Jay Johnson

This paper is derived from a qualitative study that examined the effects of orientation ceremonies as a replacement for traditional hazing in university sport. The study sought to explore the efficacy of alternative orientation activities that included cooperative games, purposeful team building activities, and informal interaction with the coach. Researchers concluded that, in many instances, the new orientation practice was found to be an effective replacement for traditional forms of entry rituals, as the former created a deeper sense of cohesion, forging a stronger bond among players and coaches who opted to participate.

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Scott A. Graupensperger, Alex J. Benson, and M. Blair Evans

-season, (d) concealing concussion symptoms to remain in play, (e) being offered a PED by a trusted family friend, and (f) participating in hazing of incoming teammates. In addition, athletes responded to the following potentially prosocial scenarios: (g) volunteering time for a charitable organization, (h

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John J. Miller

sport. Chapter 12 explores the often misunderstood and unresolved areas of hazing and bullying tactics in sport. By defining each of these areas as well as the potential legal consequences, the chapter discusses the societal and legal ramifications that hazing and bullying may give rise to in the sport

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Leah C. Oldham

sexism, sexual violence, bullying, hazing, abuse, ableism, homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia. Those unfamiliar with hockey quickly learn that like many other elements of society, it consistently commits institutional betrayal by sweeping crime and deviance under the rug, including, but not limited to

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Maya Maor

as a locus of hegemonic masculinity, and that sports are a central site for bullying and other forms of the POM of adolescent boys today ( Levy, Hollander, & Noy-Canyon, 2016 ; Spencer, 2012 ; Steinfeldt, Vaughan, LaFollette, & Steinfeldt, 2012 ). “Hazing” originally referred to a combination of

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Walter S. DeKeseredy, Stu Cowan, and Martin D. Schwartz

( Young, 2019 ). It operates in ways that are hard to detect. Protecting their livelihood and the financial interests of the teams they work for are obviously two of the most important motives for the group secrecy of hockey players and other male athletes. Bonds of brotherhood created through hazing and

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Nicole Johnson, Katie Hanna, Julie Novak, and Angelo P. Giardino

problem. Diamond, Callahan, Chain, and Solomon ( 2016 ) reported high rates of hazing in middle school (5%–17%), high school (17%–48%), and college athletes (12%), which included 80% reporting hazing as part of sport team initiation. A United Kingdom study reported that 75% of youth are emotionally abused

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Andy Gillentine

discusses rules and regulations designed to curb unnecessary acts of violence in sport. The chapter concludes by also discussing “off the field” acts of violence and offers examples of sport organizations that have dealt with these occurrences. Importantly, hazing is also included in this chapter. Chapter 7