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Laura J. McGowan, Rachael Powell and David P. French

, it is important to understand the likely processes involved in behavior change, which is facilitated by use of theoretical approaches ( Craig et al., 2008 ). Given the large number of theories of health behavior change ( Michie, West, Campbell, Brown, & Gainforth, 2014 ), intervention design based

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Samuel D. Muir, Sandun S.M. Silva, Mulu A. Woldegiorgis, Hayley Rider, Denny Meyer and Madawa W. Jayawardana

enrollment was established for other demographic, health-related, or work-related variables. 8 However, little research has been done examining predictors of engagement and health behavior change for these programs. Recent qualitative research has shown that there is a problem with retaining and keeping

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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

consequences is in a stage of infancy—the focus on intervention research might even be considered premature. The time is ripe for focal inquiry on sedentary behavior in MS and for initiating a new paradigm shift on health-behavior change in this population. References Aminian , S. , Ezeugwu , V.E. , Motl

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Stephanie L. Silveira, Jessica F. Baird and Robert W. Motl

self-efficacy as a primary predictor of health behavior change and maintenance. Acknowledgments S.L. Silveira is supported by R.W. Motl's National Multiple Sclerosis Society Mentor-Based Postdoctoral Fellowship (MB 0029). J.F. Baird is supported by the National Institutes of Health training grant

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Mark H. Anshel

This article proposes a new approach to health behavior change, the disconnected values (intervention) model (DVM). The DVM consists of predetermined cognitive-behavioral strategies for initiating and maintaining changes in health behavior, such as the implementation of an exercise program. The model consists of helping clients (a) examine the benefits, in contrast to the costs and long-term consequences, of the habit they most want to change; (b) identify their deepest values and beliefs (e.g., health, family, faith, integrity); (c) detect a “disconnect” between the negative habit and the identified values; and (d) conclude whether the disconnect is acceptable, given its costs and long-term consequences. The client’s conclusion that the disconnect is unacceptable creates incentive and commitment for health behavior change. The theoretical foundations of the DVM are explained, and its specific application for exercise behavior change is described. Three outcome studies also are reported, as well as a brief case study. Implications for practitioners and suggestions for future research are provided.

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Urte Scholz, Falko F. Sniehotta and Ralf Schwarzer

During the process of health behavior change, individuals pass different phases characterized by different demands and challenges that have to be mastered. To overcome these demands successfully, phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs are important. The present study distinguishes between task self-efficacy, maintenance self-efficacy, and recovery self-efficacy. These phase-specific beliefs were studied in a sample of 484 cardiac patients during rehabilitation treatment and at follow-up 2 and 4 months after discharge to predict physical exercise at 4 and 12 months follow-up. The three phase-specific self-efficacies showed sufficient discriminant validity and allowed for differential predictions of intentions and behavior. Persons in the maintenance phase benefited more from maintenance self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons not in the maintenance phase. Those who had to resume their physical exercise after a health related break profited more from recovery self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons who were continuously active. Implications for possible interventions are discussed.

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Andrew J. Hutchison and Lynne H. Johnston

The purpose of this article is to expand the literature on case formulation as a clinical tool for use within exercise psychology, generally and lifestyle behavior change interventions, specifically. Existing research offers limited support for the efficacy of current physical activity behavior change intervention strategies, particularly in the long-term. The present paper argues that intervention strategies need to pay greater attention to the complex and individualistic nature of exercise and health related behaviors. It has been suggested that existing intervention designs tend to conform to a medical model approach, which can at times potentially neglect the complex array of personal and situational factors that impact on human motivation and behavior. Case formulation is presented as a means of encouraging a dynamic and comprehensive approach to the development and implementation of practical interventions within the health behavior change field. The adoption of these clinical techniques may facilitate the careful consideration of variations in the development, manifestation, and maintaining mechanisms of problematic behaviors (e.g., inactivity). An overview of case formulation in its different forms is presented alongside a justification for its use within exercise psychology.

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Zachary C. Pope, Nan Zeng, Xianxiong Li, Wenfeng Liu and Zan Gao

big data analysis) an individual’s health behaviors and develop personalized health behavior change interventions thereafter based on these data ( Flores et al., 2013 ; Pope & Gao, 2017 ). Given smartwatch technology’s emerging uses, a need exists to assess several popular smartwatches’ EE

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Israel Halperin

as a tool for health behavior change: a conceptual, theoretical, and empirical overview . Health Educ Behav . 2007 ; 34 ( 5 ): 777 – 792 . PubMed ID: 17200094 doi:10.1177/1090198106291963 10.1177/1090198106291963 17200094 7. Dahlstrom MF . Using narratives and storytelling to communicate science

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Iris Buder, Cathleen Zick, Norman Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Grant Sunada and Kathleen Digre

, all participants completed a computer-assisted interview. Anthropometric measurements were also taken in a standardized fashion and participants engaged in an MI-based wellness coaching process that resulted in the development of 1 to 2 personalized health behavior change goals. After completing the