, which may lead to a greater awareness of body image and weight-related behaviors, such as dieting, that may actually decrease PA levels. 15 , 16 Although research has shown that having a strong social support system, such as close friends, may help to decrease negative health behaviors, 17 , 18
Kayla M. Baker, Sean Healy, David J. Rice and Jeanette M. Garcia
João Martins, Adilson Marques, Nuno Loureiro, Francisco Carreiro da Costa, José Diniz and Margarida Gaspar de Matos
= 1138), 18 (n = 17), and 19 (n = 2) years were not included in the present study and respective analyses. The HBSC is a school-based survey of adolescents’ health behaviors conducted every 4 years. The purpose of the HBSC is to gain an understanding of young peoples’ health and well-being to inform the
Kara L. Gavin, Julian Wolfson, Mark Pereira, Nancy Sherwood and Jennifer A. Linde
health outcomes. However, this method also has the potential to offer a unique and innovative way to explore the effects of health behaviors that may act as both mediators and moderators of health outcomes. A 4-way decomposition model to assess mediation and moderation, developed by VanderWeele 21 was
Ingrid Hinojosa-Alcalde, Ana Andrés, Faye F. Didymus, Leanne Norman and Susanna Soler
workforce reference values, and to explore the relationship between PWE and mental health, behavioral-stress symptoms, and burnout in the coaching setting. Method Participants An intentional sample of 1,685 coaches was invited to participate in the present study. and 1,481 (87.89% participation rate, mean
Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert
example of sedentary behavior, is associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, independent of physical activity ( Biswas et al., 2015 ). Sedentary behavior reflects a health-behavior target on the other, or nonexercise, end of the activity continuum and a large opportunity for effecting
Robert Fields, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Melissa Bopp and Elizabeth Fallon
Few studies of the built environment and physical activity or other health behaviors have examined minority populations specifically. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between the built environment and multiple health behaviors and outcomes among Hispanic adults.
Community partners distributed surveys (n = 189) in 3 communities in southwest Kansas. Logistic regression was used to examine relationships between neighborhood perceptions and 4 outcomes.
Meeting physical activity recommendations was associated with the presence of sidewalks and a safe park, and inversely related to higher crime. Residential density and shops nearby were related to active commuting. Sedentary behavior was inversely related to having a bus stop, bike facilities, safe park, interesting things to look at, and seeing people active. Finally, seeing people active was positively associated with being overweight.
This study suggests that among Hispanics, many built environment variables are related to health behaviors and should be targets for future neighborhood change efforts and research.
Stephanie A. Hooker, Laura B. Oswald, Kathryn J. Reid and Kelly G. Baron
, and mortality. Evidence suggests that sleep is also associated with body composition, with both short and long sleep duration associated with greater likelihood of obesity. 4 Most of the research targeting these health behaviors focuses on the average engagement in behaviors over time. Although
Jennifer R. Pharr, Mary Angela M. Terencio and Timothy Bungum
active are healthier than those who are not, less is known about the relationship between being physically active and engaging in other preventative healthy behaviors or avoiding risky health behaviors. 4 For this study, preventative healthy behaviors were activities that avert a disease or condition
Pamela Hodges Kulinna
This paper on school-based physical activity and health behaviors among adolescent students is grounded in the public health literature, various psychosocial theories, and the coordinated school health ecology model. I address three areas: 1) psychosocial influences on youth physical activity patterns, 2) youth physical activity patterns, and 3) comprehensive school health programming (healthy and active schools). I provide an overview and illustrative examples for each section from my own work.
Vicki Ebbeck, Patti Lou Watkins and Susan S. Levy
This study examined possible determinants of some of the health behaviors of larger women. Specifically, it was of interest to discern if affect (depression, social physique anxiety) mediated the relationship between self-conceptions (global self-worth, perceived physical appearance) and behavior (disordered eating, physical activity). The investigation was grounded in the model of self-worth forwarded by Harter (1987). A total of 71 overweight or obese women agreed to participate in the study. Data collection involved a researcher meeting individually with each of the participants to record physical assessments as well as responses to a packet of self-report questionnaires. A series of canonical correlation analyses were then conducted to test each of the three conditions for mediation effects outlined by Baron and Kenny (1986). Results suggested that indeed the set of self-conceptions indirectly influenced the set of behaviors via the set of affect variables. Surprisingly, however, involvement in physical activity failed to contribute to the multivariate relationships. The findings further our understanding of how self-conceptions are related to behavior and highlight the value of examining multiple health behaviors in parallel.