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David R. Bassett, Jeffrey T. Fairbrother, Lynn B. Panton, Philip E. Martin and Ann M. Swartz

kinesiology have grown over the past 2 decades. One important contributing factor in this growth is that kinesiology has become a preferred pre-health-professions major, preparing students for graduate work in fields such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, recreation therapy, physician’s assistant

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Gary B. Wilkerson

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Kimberly S. Peer

Values guide behaviors, and consistent behaviors guide practice. Professionals are bound by social contracts to provide high-quality services with the interest of the patient as the primary consideration. Most healthcare professions have a codified standard for ethical behavior, however, the manifestation of ethical decisions can violate the social contract if not carefully considered. Healthcare professions have experienced considerable empathy decline and moral distress both in professional preparation and clinical practice. These emerging trends have created concerns about the structure and function of ethics education in the health professions. Several conceptual, pedagogical strategies have been promoted to engage learners in purposeful reflection about ethical dilemmas. Healthcare educators need to consider different strategies for encouraging ethical reflection and engagement to prevent moral distress and empathy decline. Various pedagogical strategies are discussed with a conceptual framework proposed for reconsidering ethics education in healthcare professions.

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Mark R. Lafave, Nicholas G. Mohtadi and Denise S. Chan

Edited by Gary Wilkerson

Abstract

Evaluation of musculoskeletal injuries requires special knowledge and skills that are shared by different health professions, but the process used to establish a diagnosis is not necessarily the same. Medicine has employed the objective structured clinical exams (OSCE) to assess clinical competence. The performances of two Canadian athletic therapists were assessed by two different methods for assessment of clinical competence in the evaluation of knee injuries. On the basis of existing standards, both of the athletic therapists would have passed the examination using the Standardized Orthopedic Assessment Tool currently used to assess the clinical competence of athletic therapy students, but both would have failed using the Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine OSCE for sport medicine physicians. The failure could be because the performances of only two subjects were assessed, but it could also be because different constructs are represented by the two methods. If we truly want to provide patient-centered care, it should be important to have similar standards, regardless of the clinician’s professional discipline.

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John Librett, Karla Henderson, Geoffrey Godbey and James R. Morrow Jr.

The purpose of parks and recreation as well as public health is to seek the highest possible quality of life for individuals and communities. Unfortunately, little discourse has occurred between the parks and recreation and public health professions. This missed opportunity has resulted in an incomplete understanding of the spectrum of issues shared by the fields, a slow transdisciplinary learning curve, and a dearth of knowledge-based linkages between science and practice. The goal of the 2006 Cooper Institute Conference on Parks, Recreation, and Public Health: Collaborative Frameworks for Promoting Physical Activity was to highlight opportunities and advance cooperation between parks, recreation, and public health researchers and practitioners that result in collaborations that influence public health decisions at the macro (agency) and micro (individual) levels. This article introduces the discussion on scientific and practice issues in parks, recreation, and public health. By establishing a baseline of frameworks for strengthening collaboration we hope to improve the health and quality of life through parks and recreation-based physical activity.

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Derek T. Smith, Tannah Broman, Marcus Rucker, Cecile Sende and Sarah Banner

-behavior modification, geriatrics, pediatrics, genetics, proteomics, cell and molecular biology, neurophysiology, and, of course, pre–allied health professions. In many kinesiology departments, 60% or more of the student body may be pursuing careers in the medical and allied health professions (e

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Melissa Pangelinan, Marc Norcross, Megan MacDonald, Mary Rudisill, Danielle Wadsworth and James McDonald

( n  = 168), which includes a focus on fitness, conditioning, and performance ( n  = 116); and physical education teacher education ( n  = 37). Prerequisite coursework for graduate schools in allied health professions (e.g., physical therapy, occupational therapy, physician, and physician assistant

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Thomas J. Templin, Kim C. Graber and K. Andrew R. Richards

elsewhere on campus. Many departments that retained physical education programs changed their name to something more representative of all of the disciplines in the field as a way to further attract students interested in the allied health professions ( Lawson, 2007 ). Although PETE faculty members fought

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Timothy A. Brusseau

. While we are still producing high numbers of graduates we must ensure that we are fostering a passion and interest in physical activity and exercise and not just serving as a factory for the allied health professions. This increase in enrollment has also led to increases in graduate student instructors

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Shannon David and Mary Larson

Health Care Services; Committee on the Health Professions Education Summit . The core competencies needed for health care professionals . In: Greiner AC , Knebel E , eds. Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality . Washington, DC : National Academies Press (US) ; 2003 : 45 – 74