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Nick Galli, Skye Shodahl, and Mark P. Otten

personal improvement, high standards of achievement, and frequent attention from others (e.g., fans, media, peers), to the beginning of life as an “ordinary person.” Sport Retirement, Body Image, and Health Behaviors The sport retirement transition is multidimensional, forcing retired athletes to adapt

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João Martins, Adilson Marques, Nuno Loureiro, Francisco Carreiro da Costa, José Diniz, and Margarida Gaspar de Matos

 = 1138), 18 (n = 17), and 19 (n = 2) years were not included in the present study and respective analyses. The HBSC is a school-based survey of adolescents’ health behaviors conducted every 4 years. The purpose of the HBSC is to gain an understanding of young peoples’ health and well-being to inform the

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Kayla M. Baker, Sean Healy, David J. Rice, and Jeanette M. Garcia

, which may lead to a greater awareness of body image and weight-related behaviors, such as dieting, that may actually decrease PA levels. 15 , 16 Although research has shown that having a strong social support system, such as close friends, may help to decrease negative health behaviors, 17 , 18

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Kara L. Gavin, Julian Wolfson, Mark Pereira, Nancy Sherwood, and Jennifer A. Linde

health outcomes. However, this method also has the potential to offer a unique and innovative way to explore the effects of health behaviors that may act as both mediators and moderators of health outcomes. A 4-way decomposition model to assess mediation and moderation, developed by VanderWeele 21 was

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Ingrid Hinojosa-Alcalde, Ana Andrés, Faye F. Didymus, Leanne Norman, and Susanna Soler

workforce reference values, and to explore the relationship between PWE and mental health, behavioral-stress symptoms, and burnout in the coaching setting. Method Participants An intentional sample of 1,685 coaches was invited to participate in the present study. and 1,481 (87.89% participation rate, mean

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Akira Kyan and Minoru Takakura

situation worsened, it was recognized as a public health concern. 2 Since 2013, Japan’s health policies have tried to correct this situation. 3 In Western countries, disparities by a family or neighborhood’s economic status have been observed in several fundamental health behaviors, such as physical

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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

example of sedentary behavior, is associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, independent of physical activity ( Biswas et al., 2015 ). Sedentary behavior reflects a health-behavior target on the other, or nonexercise, end of the activity continuum and a large opportunity for effecting

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Robert Fields, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Melissa Bopp, and Elizabeth Fallon


Few studies of the built environment and physical activity or other health behaviors have examined minority populations specifically. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between the built environment and multiple health behaviors and outcomes among Hispanic adults.


Community partners distributed surveys (n = 189) in 3 communities in southwest Kansas. Logistic regression was used to examine relationships between neighborhood perceptions and 4 outcomes.


Meeting physical activity recommendations was associated with the presence of sidewalks and a safe park, and inversely related to higher crime. Residential density and shops nearby were related to active commuting. Sedentary behavior was inversely related to having a bus stop, bike facilities, safe park, interesting things to look at, and seeing people active. Finally, seeing people active was positively associated with being overweight.


This study suggests that among Hispanics, many built environment variables are related to health behaviors and should be targets for future neighborhood change efforts and research.

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Stephanie A. Hooker, Laura B. Oswald, Kathryn J. Reid, and Kelly G. Baron

, and mortality. Evidence suggests that sleep is also associated with body composition, with both short and long sleep duration associated with greater likelihood of obesity. 4 Most of the research targeting these health behaviors focuses on the average engagement in behaviors over time. Although

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Pamela Hodges Kulinna

This paper on school-based physical activity and health behaviors among adolescent students is grounded in the public health literature, various psychosocial theories, and the coordinated school health ecology model. I address three areas: 1) psychosocial influences on youth physical activity patterns, 2) youth physical activity patterns, and 3) comprehensive school health programming (healthy and active schools). I provide an overview and illustrative examples for each section from my own work.