people to adopt healthy and active lifestyles and prevent many of the deleterious effects of aging. Healthy Aging and Physical Activity Physical activity appears to be an important lifestyle habit in order to achieve healthy aging by promoting independence and increasing the quality of life of older
Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis
Katie E. Cherry, Jennifer Silva Brown, Sangkyu Kim and S. Michal Jazwinski
Social behaviors are associated with health outcomes in later life. The authors examined relationships among social and physical activities and health in a lifespan sample of adults (N = 771) drawn from the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS). Four age groups were compared: younger (21–44 years), middle-aged (45–64 years), older (65–84 years), and oldest-old adults (85–101 years). Linear regression analyses indicated that physical activity, hours spent outside of the house, and social support were significantly associated with selfreported health, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. Number of clubs was significantly associated with objective health status, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. These data indicate that social and physical activities remain important determinants of self-perceived health into very late adulthood. Implications of these data for current views on successful aging are discussed.
Lawrence Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Dori Rosenberg and Abby King
Suburban development patterns may impede physical activity (PA) and mobility and affect healthy aging. This paper investigates the relationships between neighborhood design and walking, driving, PA, and obesity in adults over age 65 years.
Data from the SMARTRAQ (Atlanta region) survey provided measures of PA, BMI, SES, and travel patterns. Neighborhood design was measured using a walkability index (residential density, street connectivity, retail density, and land use mix). Chi square and regression was used to evaluate relationships.
Increased walkability was related with more walking (OR 2.02), less time spent traveling in a car (OR .53), and lower odds of being overweight (OR .68). Those with 1 or no cars were more likely to walk (OR 2.9) and spend less time in cars (OR .53); but also less likely to get recommended levels of PA (OR .55). Visiting a fast food outlet was associated with increased odds of obesity (OR 1.81).
Policies are needed to bring older Americans closer to shops and services and healthy food outlets as a means of encouraging regular walking and healthy body weight. Incentives to encourage neighborhood grocery stores and affordable housing in central areas along with regulatory reform through zoning can encourage PA and healthy body weight in the elderly.
Thomas A. Stoffregen
It is widely assumed that healthy aging includes a decline in the stability of standing body sway. Certainly, the spatial magnitude of postural sway increases with age. However, the interpretation of this effect as a decline in the ability to stabilize posture rests, in part, on assumptions about the nature and definition of stability in stance. In this article, I review data on the control of standing posture in healthy older adults. I focus on a growing list of studies that demonstrate the retention, among healthy older adults, of the ability functionally to modulate postural sway in support of “suprapostural” activities. I address laboratory research, but also field studies carried out in a setting that dramatically challenges the control of stance: life on ships at sea. I argue that it may be possible, and certainly will be useful, to address directly the functional control of stance in older adults.
Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez
al., 2006 ), reducing pain, and increasing mobility ( Cheung, Park, & Wyman, 2016 ; Tekur, Singphow, Nagendra, & Raghuram, 2008 ), all positive outcomes relevant to healthy aging. Although yoga has been credited with improving strength, endurance, and flexibility ( Cheung, Park, et al., 2016 ; Patel
Shirley M. Bluethmann, Wayne Foo, Renate M. Winkels, Scherezade K. Mama and Kathryn H. Schmitz
.1093/annonc/mdt037 10.1093/annonc/mdt037 Peel , N.M. , McClure , R.J. , & Bartlett , H.P. ( 2005 ). Behavioral determinants of healthy aging . American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28 ( 3 ), 298 – 304 . PubMed ID: 15766620 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.002 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.002 Peterson
Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy
promotion of healthy aging has become a priority to society ( McLaughlin, Connell, Heeringa, Li, & Roberts, 2010 ). Although the rates of psychological symptoms tend to decline with age, older adults experience several aging-related stressors such as decreased physical and mental abilities, physical pain
Allyson Brothers and Manfred Diehl
suggests that an intervention program such as Aging Plus can be advantageous at any age. This finding supports the idea of developmental plasticity and provides evidence that it is never too late to support individuals to take a more active role in promoting their own healthy aging. This initial
Rachel Proffitt, Belinda Lange, Christina Chen and Carolee Winstein
The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective experience of older adults interacting with both virtual and real environments. Thirty healthy older adults engaged with real and virtual tasks of similar motor demands: reaching to a target in standing and stepping stance. Immersive tendencies and absorption scales were administered before the session. Game engagement and experience questionnaires were completed after each task, followed by a semistructured interview at the end of the testing session. Data were analyzed respectively using paired t tests and grounded theory methodology. Participants preferred the virtual task over the real task. They also reported an increase in presence and absorption with the virtual task, describing an external focus of attention. Findings will be used to inform future development of appropriate game-based balance training applications that could be embedded in the home or community settings as part of evidence-based fall prevention programs.
Kieran J. Marston, Belinda M. Brown, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Linda K. Wijaya, Shaun Y. M. Teo, Ralph N. Martins and Jeremiah J. Peiffer
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the acute changes in growth factors associated with cognitive health following two ecologically valid, intense resistance exercise sessions. Twenty-nine late-middle-aged adults performed one session of either (a) moderate-load resistance exercise or (b) high-load resistance exercise. Venous blood was collected prior to warm-up, immediately following exercise and 30 min following exercise. Serum was analyzed for brain-derived neurotrophic factor, insulin-like growth factor 1, and vascular endothelial growth factor. Session intensity was determined by blood lactate concentration and session rating of perceived exertion. Postexercise blood lactate was greater following moderate-load when compared with high-load resistance exercise. Subjective session intensity was rated higher by the session rating of perceived exertion following moderate-load when compared with high-load resistance exercise. No differences were observed in serum growth factor levels between groups. Ecologically valid and intense moderate-load or high-load exercise methods do not alter serum growth factor levels in late-middle-aged adults.