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Current Concepts in Healthy Aging and Physical Activity: A Viewpoint

Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais, and Antony D. Karelis

people to adopt healthy and active lifestyles and prevent many of the deleterious effects of aging. Healthy Aging and Physical Activity Physical activity appears to be an important lifestyle habit in order to achieve healthy aging by promoting independence and increasing the quality of life of older

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Social Factors and Healthy Aging: Findings from the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS)

Katie E. Cherry, Jennifer Silva Brown, Sangkyu Kim, and S. Michal Jazwinski

Social behaviors are associated with health outcomes in later life. The authors examined relationships among social and physical activities and health in a lifespan sample of adults (N = 771) drawn from the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS). Four age groups were compared: younger (21–44 years), middle-aged (45–64 years), older (65–84 years), and oldest-old adults (85–101 years). Linear regression analyses indicated that physical activity, hours spent outside of the house, and social support were significantly associated with selfreported health, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. Number of clubs was significantly associated with objective health status, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. These data indicate that social and physical activities remain important determinants of self-perceived health into very late adulthood. Implications of these data for current views on successful aging are discussed.

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An Investigation of the Sled-Push Exercise Using a Resisted Sled Machine in Apparently Healthy Older Adults: An Exploratory Study

Micheal Baumann, Christopher Hill, Clayton Camic, Peter Chomentowski, Vitor Siqueira, Steven Petruzzello, and Emerson Sebastião

 al., 2022 ; Chodzko-Zajko et al., 2009 ; Harridge & Lazarus, 2017 ; Lazarus et al., 2018 ). To this end, physical function capacity has been regarded as a biomarker of healthy aging as it is predictive of adverse health events, disability, and mortality ( Izquierdo, Duque et al., 2021 ). As part of a

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Promotion of Healthy Aging Within a Community Center Through Behavior Change: Health and Fitness Findings From the AgeWell Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Jeanette M. Thom, Sharon M. Nelis, Jennifer K. Cooney, John V. Hindle, Ian R. Jones, and Linda Clare

contributor to healthy aging. For the purpose of this study, we have used the broader definition of healthy aging as “the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age,” which does not specify lack of illness as a factor ( Beard et al., 2016 ; Svantesson

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“Not Everybody’s an Athlete, But They Certainly Can Move”: Facilitators of Physical Activity Maintenance in Older Adults in a Northern and Rural Setting

Kirsten Ward, Anne Pousette, and Chelsea A. Pelletier

cognitive capabilities, reduced incidences of cognitive conditions, and lower rates of depression ( Johnson et al., 2016 ; Musich, Wang, Hawkins, & Greame, 2017 ). Healthy aging is a concept that promotes supporting health and quality of life for older adults by encouraging mobility and maintaining social

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Instructor Social Support in the Group Physical Activity Context: Older Participants’ Perspectives

Lindsay Morrison, Meghan H. McDonough, Chantelle Zimmer, Cari Din, Jennifer Hewson, Ann Toohey, Peter R.E. Crocker, and Erica V. Bennett

In Canada and globally, adults aged 55 and older comprise over 30% of the population, with women accounting for the majority of the older adult population ( Statistics Canada, 2022a ; World Health Organization [WHO], 2022 ). Supporting healthy aging, and physical activity specifically, in older

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The Prevalence and Association Between Social Support and Physical Activity Among the Rural Community-Dwelling Older Women in a Southeast Asian Country

Thaneswaran Marthammuthu, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Nur Afiqah Mohd Salleh, and Noran Naqiah Hairi

et al., 2017 ). The promotion of healthy aging increases the likelihood for them to be actively involve and contribute to social, cultural, economic, and other main life parameters by sustaining life quality ( Minhat & Amin, 2012 ). Studies have showed that adequate physical activity levels are

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Healthy Aging and Where You Live: Community Design Relationships With Physical Activity and Body Weight in Older Americans

Lawrence Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Dori Rosenberg, and Abby King

Background:

Suburban development patterns may impede physical activity (PA) and mobility and affect healthy aging. This paper investigates the relationships between neighborhood design and walking, driving, PA, and obesity in adults over age 65 years.

Methods:

Data from the SMARTRAQ (Atlanta region) survey provided measures of PA, BMI, SES, and travel patterns. Neighborhood design was measured using a walkability index (residential density, street connectivity, retail density, and land use mix). Chi square and regression was used to evaluate relationships.

Results:

Increased walkability was related with more walking (OR 2.02), less time spent traveling in a car (OR .53), and lower odds of being overweight (OR .68). Those with 1 or no cars were more likely to walk (OR 2.9) and spend less time in cars (OR .53); but also less likely to get recommended levels of PA (OR .55). Visiting a fast food outlet was associated with increased odds of obesity (OR 1.81).

Conclusions:

Policies are needed to bring older Americans closer to shops and services and healthy food outlets as a means of encouraging regular walking and healthy body weight. Incentives to encourage neighborhood grocery stores and affordable housing in central areas along with regulatory reform through zoning can encourage PA and healthy body weight in the elderly.

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Functional Control of Stance in Older Adults

Thomas A. Stoffregen

It is widely assumed that healthy aging includes a decline in the stability of standing body sway. Certainly, the spatial magnitude of postural sway increases with age. However, the interpretation of this effect as a decline in the ability to stabilize posture rests, in part, on assumptions about the nature and definition of stability in stance. In this article, I review data on the control of standing posture in healthy older adults. I focus on a growing list of studies that demonstrate the retention, among healthy older adults, of the ability functionally to modulate postural sway in support of “suprapostural” activities. I address laboratory research, but also field studies carried out in a setting that dramatically challenges the control of stance: life on ships at sea. I argue that it may be possible, and certainly will be useful, to address directly the functional control of stance in older adults.

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Associations Between Perceived Neighborhood Walkability and Device-Based Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Patterns in Older Adults

Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Rod Walker, John Bellettiere, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Boeun Kim, David Wing, KatieRose Richmire, Paul K. Crane, Eric B. Larson, and Dori E. Rosenberg

longitudinal cohort study with continuous enrollment to ensure an active sample size of approximately 2,000 older adults (age 65 years and older) that began in 1994 to investigate risk factors for the development of dementia and has provided the opportunity to study factors of healthy aging more broadly. The