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Ming-Lang Tseng, Chien-Chang Ho, Shih-Chang Chen, Yi-Chia Huang, Cheng-Hsiu Lai and Yung-Po Liaw

Evidence suggests that physical activity has a beneficial effect of elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on reducing coronary artery risk. However, previous studies show contrasting results for this association between different types of exercise training (i.e., aerobic, resistance, or combined aerobic and resistance training). The aim of this study was to determine which type of exercise training is more effective in increasing HDL-C levels. Forty obese men, age 18–29 yr, were randomized into 4 groups: an aerobic-training group (n = 10), a resistance-training group (n = 10), a combined-exercise-training group (n = 10), and a control group (n = 10). After a 12-wk exercise program, anthropometrics, blood biochemical variables, and physical-fitness components were compared with the data obtained at the baseline. Multiple-regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between different types of exercise training and changes in HDL-C while adjusting for potential confounders. The results showed that with the control group as the comparator, the effects of combined-exercise training (β = 4.17, p < .0001), aerobic training (β = 3.65, p < .0001), and resistance training (β = 2.10, p = .0001) were positively associated with increase in HDL-C after adjusting for potential confounders. Our findings suggested that a short-term exercise program can play an important role in increasing HDL-C levels; either aerobic or resistance training alone significantly increases the HDL-C levels, but the improvements are greatest with combined aerobic and resistance training.

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Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Lucas Gonçalves da Cruz, Camilo Luís Monteiro Lourenço, Giovana Castilho Ribeiro, Marco Aurélio Ferreira de Jesus Leite, Fernando Freitas Neves, Mário Leon Silva-Vergara and Edmar Lacerda Mendes

Background:

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with high total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), triglyceride (TG), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. The natural course of the HIV infection reduces the high-density lipoprotein level (HDL-c). Thus, physical exercise plays a key role in reducing the effects of HAART and HIV.

Methods:

Thirty people living with HIV (PLHIV) were randomized to the nonlinear resistance training (NLRT) and control (CON) groups. The NLRT group underwent 12 weeks of resistance training, whereas the CON group maintained usual daily activities. All volunteers underwent anthropometric, body composition, and biochemical assessments at the beginning and end of 12 weeks.

Results:

After 12 weeks, the NLRT group had increased lean body mass (P < .0001), and a reduction in body fat mass (P < .0001) and body fat percentage (P < .0001). The levels of TC (P < .0001), LDL-c (P = .049), TG (P < .0001), and CRP (P = .004) were reduced, and the HDL-c level increased (P < .0001).

Conclusion

Twelve weeks of NLRT causes beneficial changes in the body composition, lipid profile, and inflammation markers in PLHIV, and it can be used in this patient population.

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Stephanie L. Stockwell, Lindsey R. Smith, Hannah M. Weaver, Daniella J. Hankins and Daniel P. Bailey

significantly negatively correlated with abdominal adiposity in 10–14-year-old children 10 and inversely associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) in overweight and obese 5–10 year olds. 11 In 9–10 and 15–16-year-old children, total sedentary time was also adversely associated with blood

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Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright

higher concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), 8 established precursors of CVD. 9 It is unknown if maternal physical activity confers similar benefits, that is a more favorable blood lipid profile, to the developing fetus. This is important to investigate, as cord blood lipid

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Susan Sullivan Glenney, Derrick Paul Brockemer, Andy C. Ng, Michael A. Smolewski, Vladimir M. Smolgovskiy and Adam S. Lepley

effects of exercise training on cardiovascular health. Traditional serum biomarkers, such as total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin, and triglyceride levels, have been used to study the effects of exercise interventions

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Meghan Edwards and Paul Loprinzi

The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), calculated as LOG 10 (triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [HDL-C]), 1 is directly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. 2 – 4 Triglycerides and HDL-C are both measured during a traditional lipid profile assessment, making this a

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Amanda E. Staiano

diastolic (DBP) measurements were used for the analysis (or the closest 2 of 3 if the difference exceeded 10 mm Hg). A blood sample was drawn using venipuncture following an overnight fast. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was assayed using Trinity DXC600 (Trinity Biotech, Bray, Ireland); serum

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Youngdeok Kim, Joaquin U. Gonzales and P. Hemachandra Reddy

coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. However, they also reported no relationship of handgrip strength with CVD biomarkers including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, and fasting glucose ( Xu & Hao, 2017 ), which is inconsistent with findings from previous studies

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Sara Knaeps, Stijn De Baere, Jan Bourgois, Evelien Mertens, Ruben Charlier and Johan Lefevre

. First, we hypothesized that substituting sedentary time with either sleep, LPA, or MVPA would be associated with a lower clustered cardiometabolic risk and better outcomes on 5 cardiometabolic health factors [waist circumference, fasting glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL

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Inès Boukabous, Alexis Marcotte-Chénard, Taha Amamou, Pierre Boulay, Martin Brochu, Daniel Tessier, Isabelle Dionne and Eléonor Riesco

containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid or a coagulation activator gel (depending on the variables measured). Fasting lipid profile (triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], non-HDL-C, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]) as well as glucose and insulin